5.2 Characteristics of Research
Being able to spot the difference between development and research is one thing. Being able to state unique, defining characteristics of research is another. We will take a look at two attempts to do this and discuss how well they capture the essential features of scientific work.
In a popular book on research methods, Leedy and Ormrod  explain that, although research activities may differ substantially in complexity and duration, they typically have the following eight distinctive characteristics in common:
Most researchers probably agree that this description captures some important features of research. The question is if they are sufficiently unique to determine if a certain set of activities is research or not. If your car does not start one morning, the troubleshooting process ...