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Examining the Role of Environmental Change on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics

Book Description

Climate change is one of the most widely debated and worrisome topics of our time. As environmental changes become more prevalent, there has been evidence to suggest that there is a correlation between the environment and a substantial increase of infectious diseases and viruses around the globe. Examining the Role of Environmental Change on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics investigates the impact of climate change in relation to the emergence and spread of global diseases. Highlighting epidemiological factors and policies to govern epidemics and pandemics, this publication is a critical reference source for medical professionals, students, environmental scientists, advocates, policy makers, academics, and researchers.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Contributors
    1. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Chapter 1: History of Infectious Diseases
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES
    4. CASE OF WATER MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES: AN EXAMPLE TO ILLUSTRATE CONTROL AND PREVENTION MEASURES AND THE EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    8. REFERENCES
  9. Chapter 2: Global Environmental Change and Emerging Infectious Diseases
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND: A PRIMER ON PATHOGENS
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    9. REFERENCES
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Chapter 3: Climate Change-Associated Conflict and Infectious Disease
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. WAR, PEACE, AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE IN HISTORY
    4. CLIMATE CHANGE, RESOURCE SCARCITY, AND CONFLICT IN HISTORY
    5. MODERN RESOURCE SCARCITY AND CONFLICT
    6. ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE AND RESOURCE SCARCITY
    7. ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE AND CONFLICT
    8. CLIMATE CHANGE AND CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT: THE CASE OF SYRIA
    9. CLIMATE CHANGE, CONFLICT, AND MIGRATION
    10. MODERN CONFLICT AND DISEASE
    11. HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE
    12. EFFECTS OVER TIME AND IN OTHER COUNTRIES
    13. CONCLUSION
    14. REFERENCES
  11. Chapter 4: Waterborne Diseases and Climate Change Impact and Implications
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. ETIOLOGIC AGENTS OF WATERBORNE DISEASES
    4. WATERBORNE DISEASES, WEATHER VARIABLES, AND CLIMATE CHANGE
    5. ADAPTATION STRATEGIES
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  12. Chapter 5: Environmental Change and the Emergence of Infectious Diseases
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES AND THEIR LINKAGES TO RELEVANT INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN SOUTH AMERICA
    5. CLIMATE AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES: ADAPTATION OPTIONS
    6. DISCUSSION
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Chapter 6: Infectious Diseases and Climate Vulnerability in Morocco
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. RELEVANT CLIMATE SENSITIVE INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN MOROCCO
    4. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES: THE CASE OF MOROCCO
    5. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE FROM A HEALTH PERSPECTIVE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
    6. MOROCCO’S ADAPTIVE CAPACITY AND OPTIONS NEEDED TO EFFECTIVELY MANAGE CLIMATE-HEALTH ISSUES
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ENDNOTES
  14. Chapter 7: Emergence of the Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCLUSION
    4. REFERENCES
  15. Chapter 8: Rift Valley Fever and the Changing Environment
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. IMPORTANCE AND DRIVERS OF EMERGING DISEASE
    4. RIFT VALLEY FEVER: AN EMERGING DISEASE
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  16. Chapter 9: Climate Change Effects on Human Health with a Particular Focus on Vector-Borne Diseases and Malaria in Africa
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPACTS
    5. MALARIA AND WEATHER CONDITIONS
    6. CLIMATE CHANGE AND MALARIA
    7. RESULT AND DISCUSSION
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. APPENDIX: QUESTIONNAIRE ON PERCEPTIONS OF PEOPLE LIVING IN METROPOLITAN KANO ABOUT LINKS BETWEEN MALARIA EPIDEMICS, WEATHER VARIABLES AND CLIMATE CHANGE
  17. Chapter 10: Are Climate Change Adaptation Policies a Game Changer?
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND: CLIMATE CHANGE IN ONTARIO, CANADA
    4. METHODS AND ANALYSIS
    5. RESULTS
    6. DISCUSSION: PUBLIC HEALTH POLICY AS CONSTRAINING AND ENABLING FOR FIELDS OF PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE
    7. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS TO BOLSTER ADAPTIVE CAPACITY
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. APPENDIX: INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
  18. Compilation of References
  19. About the Contributors