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Evolving Issues Surrounding Technoethics and Society in the Digital Age

Book Description

The advancement of technologies in the 20th century has radically transformed the interconnectedness of humans, science, and technology within an evolving society. Evolving Issues Surrounding Technoethics and Society in the Digital Age serves as an interdisciplinary base of scholarly contributions on the subject of technoethics, a field that deals with current and future problems that arise at the intersection of science, technological innovation, and human life and society. This premier reference work leverages ethical analysis, risk analysis, technology evaluation, and the combination of ethical and technological analyses within a variety of real life decision-making contexts, appealing to scholars and technology experts working in new areas of technology research where social and ethical issues emerge.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
  5. Preface
    1. INTRODUCTION
    2. BACKGROUND
    3. KEY AREAS OF TECHNOETHICS IN FOCUS
    4. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
    5. REFERENCES
  6. Section 1: Ethical Boundaries of Humans and Robots
    1. Chapter 1: Redefining the Boundaries of Humanity and the Human Body
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. OLD WINE NEW BOTTLES? TRANSHUMANISM AND THE POST-HUMAN DREAM
      3. CONCEPTUALIZING THE BODY AS TECHNOETHICAL MATTER
      4. WHAT IS A HUMAN BODY AND WHAT IS A HUMAN BEING?
      5. LONG LIVE HOMO TECHNICUS!
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 2: The Relevance of Value Theory for the Ethical Discussion of Human Enhancement
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VALUE THEORY AND HUMAN ENHANCEMENT: AN OVERVIEW
      4. VALUE THEORY AND HUMAN ENHANCEMENT
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 3: Personal Liability and Human Free Will in the Background of Emerging Neuroethical Issues
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. PRELIMINARY REMARKS: NEUROETHICS AND TECHNOETHICS AND NEUROLAW AND TECHNOLAW
      3. HOW PERSONAL LIABILITY IS CHANGING IN THE FRAMEWORK OF NEW SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS
      4. NEUROTECHNOLOGIES AND BEHAVIOURAL GENETICS IN RECENT CASE-LAW: NEW PERSPECTIVES FOR NEUROLAW
      5. REFERENCES
      6. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 4: Artificial Ethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. PREMISES FOR AN ARTIFICIAL ETHICS
      3. WHAT ARTIFICIAL ETHICS IS AND WHAT WILL IT BE?
      4. PROCEDURES, NORMS, PRINCIPLES AND VALUES IN ARTIFICIAL ETHICS: MORAL INTELLIGENCE IN HUMAN AND ARTIFICIAL MORAL CONDUCT
      5. A NEW VALUE-SYSTEM IS NEEDED OR CAN WE OPERATE WITH THE TRADITIONAL ONE?
      6. CHARACTERISTICS OF ARTIFICIAL MORAL AGENTS
      7. ARTIFICIAL ETHICS AS A KIND OF ARTIFICIAL COGNITION, ARTIFICIAL DISCOVERY, ARTIFICIAL INTERACTION AND INVENTION IN AN ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT
      8. NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL EVOLUTION: CO-EVOULTION OF HUMAN AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENT AGENTS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: Of Robots and Simulacra
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: PRESENCE AND ROBOTIC MEDIATION
      4. SOCIAL ROBOTS AS SIMULACRUM OF PRESENCE
      5. THE DARK SIDE OF SOCIAL ROBOTS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    6. Chapter 6: Technoethics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TECHNOLOGY-RELATED ETHICS OF THE AMISH
      4. WORK-RELATED ETHICS
      5. MEDICAL ETHICS
      6. END OF LIFE ETHICS
      7. ETHICS OF CONCEPTIVE TECHNOLOGY
      8. ETHICS OF CONTRACEPTIVE TECHNOLOGY
      9. ETHICS OF HUMAN CLONING
      10. COMPUTER-RELATED ETHICS
      11. AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING ETHICS: THE FORD PINTO CASE
      12. CONCLUSION
      13. REFERENCES
      14. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  7. Section 2: Un/Ethical Waves in Cyberspace
    1. Chapter 7: Sacrificing Credibility for Sleaze
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 8: Internet Companies and the Great Firewall of China
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND ISSUES: THE TROUBLED HISTORY OF GOOGLE IN CHINA
      4. LEGAL ISSUES
      5. AN ETHICAL PERSPECTIVE AND RESOLUTION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 9: The Legal Challenges of the Information Revolution and the Principle of “Privacy by Design”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS OF LAW
      5. PRIVACY AND DESIGN
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 10: Gambling with Laws and Ethics in Cyberspace
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. MACHINE ETHICS
      5. 4. ONLINE GAMBLING
      6. 5. MACHINE ETHICS FOR ONLINE GAMBLING
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
      8. 7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      12. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 11: A Study of Cyber Crime and Perpetration of Cyber Crime in India
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NATURE OF CYBERCRIME ACTS
      4. CYBERCRIME PERPETRATORS
      5. INCIDENCES OF CYBER CRIMES REGISTERED UNDER IPC
      6. CYBER CRIMES: CASES OF VARIOUS CATEGORIES UNDER IPC SECTION
      7. CYBERCRIME SUSPECTS IDENTIFIED BY POLICE
      8. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS
      9. CYBER CRIME IN INDIA
      10. THE ROAD AHEAD
      11. FINDINGS
      12. NATIONAL APPROACHES TO CYBERCRIME PREVENTION: ROLE OF VARIOUS INSTITUTIONS
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  8. Section 3: New Waves in Cyberspace
    1. Chapter 12: Ethics, Media, and Reasoning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ETHICS THEORIES AND SYSTEMS
      4. ETHICS REASONING AND EDUCATION
      5. GLOBAL MEDIA SYSTEMS
      6. COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA ETHICS: THEORY AND PRACTICE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 13: Antinomies of Values under Conditions of Information Age
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. VALUES AS AN EXISTENTIAL CHOICE
      5. DYNAMICS OF VALUES IN CONDITIONS OF INFORMATIZATION
      6. REALITY OR VIRTUALITY?
      7. INFORMATION FREEDOM
      8. E-COMMUNICATION
      9. KNOWLEDGE OR INFORMATION?
      10. INTERNET LOVE: FEELINGS OR GAME?
      11. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      12. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
      15. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 14: Shaping Digital Democracy in the United States
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHOD
      5. FINDINGS AND INTERPRETATIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    4. Chapter 15: Ethics for eLearning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE ETHICAL THEORY BASIS FOR THE FIRST SIDE OF THE COIN: MASON’S FOUR ETHICAL ISSUES FOR THE INFORMATION AGE: THEN AND NOW
      4. FIRST SIDE OF THE COIN
      5. THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE COIN
      6. SUMMARY
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 16: Privacy vs. Security
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REFERENCES
      4. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      5. ENDNOTES
  9. Related References
  10. Compilation of References
  11. About the Contributors