This section aims at presenting how EPS networks support mobility cases for active terminals engaged in communication sessions. As opposed to IDLE mode, active terminal mobility (also called handover) is completely under the control of the network. The decision to move as well as the choice for the target cell and technology (when applicable) is made by the current serving eNodeB, based on measurements performed by the eNodeB itself and the terminal. In addition, ACTIVE mode mobility requires some specific features to be supported and implemented by the network so as to limit interaction on user experience and preserve the on-going service.
In this domain, the E-UTRAN handover cases follow (as much as possible) two main principles inherited from 2G/GSM and 3G/UMTS systems: