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Ethical Impact of Technological Advancements and Applications in Society

Book Description

In the modern era each new innovation poses its own special ethical dilemma. How can human society adapt to these new forms of expression, commerce, government, citizenship, and learning while holding onto its ethical and moral principles?

Ethical Impact of Technological Advancements and Applications in Society explores the ethical challenges of these innovations, providing cutting-edge analysis of designs, developments, impacts, policies, theories, and methodologies related to ethical aspects of technology in society. It advances scholarship on both in established areas such as computer ethics, engineering ethics, and biotech ethics as well as nascent areas of research such as nanoethics, artificial morality, and neuroethics.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Associate Editors
    2. International Editorial Review Board
  5. Preface
    1. TECHNOETHICS AND THE ETHICAL IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS AND APPLICATIONS IN SOCIETY
    2. OBJECTIVES OF THIS BOOK
    3. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
  6. Section 1: Theoretical Perspectives
    1. Chapter 1: Material Cultures and Moral Mediators in Human Hybridization
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. HYBRID HUMANS AND DISTRIBUTED COGNITION
      3. MATERIAL CULTURE AND THE DISEMBODIMENT OF MIND
      4. THE CO-EVOLUTION OF BRAINS AND CULTURES AND THE ROLE OF MORAL MEDIATORS
      5. MATERIAL AND IMMATERIAL CULTURES
      6. ARTIFACTS AND INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION
      7. CULTURES, COUNTERCULTURES, AND DOCILE HUMANS
      8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 2: The Significance of the Ethics of Respect
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. QUESTIONS
      3. EVERYDAY EXPRESSIONS
      4. ATTENTIVE GAZE, ETHICAL GAZE
      5. SOCIETY DEPENDS ON RESPECT
      6. THE OPPORTUNITY THAT THE ETHICS OF RESPECT PRESENTS
    3. Chapter 3: How Can the Problems of An Ethical Judgment on Science and Technology Be Correctly Approached?
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. POSITION A
      3. POSITION B
    4. Chapter 4: Technology Traps
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. TECHNOLOGY TRAPS: WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?
      3. FIVE TECHNOLOGY TRAPS
      4. WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?
      5. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 5: Ubiquitous Computing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ETHICAL CONSEQUENCES OF UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING
      4. FINAL COMMENTS
  7. Section 2: Technoethics and the Digital Society
    1. Chapter 6: Identifying the Ethics of Emerging Information and Communication Technologies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. QUESTIONS IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF EMERGING ICTS
      4. THE METHODOLOGY OF IDENTIFYING EMERGING ICTS
      5. METHODOLOGY OF ETHICAL ANALYSIS
      6. CONCLUSION AND REFLECTION
    2. Chapter 7: The Regulation of Gaze and Capture
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PERVASIVENESS OF WATCHING
      4. ARCHITECTURE OF GAZE
      5. CONSTRUCTION OF DEVIANCE AND IMAGE CAPTURE
      6. ETHICAL CONCERNS AND THE IMAGE ECONOMY
      7. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 8: Peer-to-Peer File-Sharing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. PSYCHOLOGICAL REACTANCE
      5. RESULTS
      6. DISCUSSION
    4. Chapter 9: An Exploratory Study of the Cyberbullying and Cyberstalking Experiences and Factors Related to Victimization of Students at a Public Liberal Arts College
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHAT IS CYBERBULLYING?
      4. CYBERBULLYING MANIFESTS ITSELF AT COLLEGES
      5. CYBERSTALKING AT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
      6. METHOD
      7. DATA AND ANALYSIS
      8. DISCUSSION
      9. CONCLUDING COMMENTS
    5. Chapter 10: Cyberbullying
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. CYBERBULLYING: A SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH
      3. CHARACTERIZATION OF CYBERBULLYING
      4. THE NEED FOR A NEW EPISTEMOLOGY IN THE STUDY OF CYBERBULLYING
      5. THE CONTRIBUTION OF GREGORY BATESON: THE META-LANGUAGE AND THE MEDIATED RELATION
      6. RESULTS OF THE EMPIRICAL STUDY ON YOUNG PORTUGUESE UNIVERSITY
      7. CLOSING REMARKS
  8. Section 3: The Ethical Side of Technological Applications
    1. Chapter 11: Reclaiming the Green Continent
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LATIN AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT, POLITICS AND ECOLOGY; SOME SALIENT FACTS
      4. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND GLOBALIZATION
      5. ETHICS, SOCIOPOLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY MAKING
      6. ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ASSESSMENT: ECONOMICS, ETHICS AND SOCIOPOLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, AND WORLD REALITIES
      7. ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AND ISSUES AND SOCIAL DECISION PROCEDURES
      8. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PARTNERSHIPS
      9. GLOBALIZATION’S ROLE IN DEALING WITH ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AND ISSUES
    2. Chapter 12: The Ethics of Outsourcing Online Survey Research
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ETHICAL ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH OUTSOURCING
      4. HOSTING ON-SITE
      5. GUIDELINES
      6. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 13: The Issues Related To Student Authentication in Distance Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. AN INTRODUCTION TO BIOMETRICS
      4. UNDERSTANDING HOW BIOMETRIC SYSTEMS WORK
      5. AUTHENTICATION NEEDS IN HIGHER EDUCATION
      6. ISSUES RELATED TO THE FUNCTION OF BIOMETRICS
      7. THE TROY UNIVERSITY AUTHENTICATION PROJECT
      8. POLICY REQUIREMENTS
      9. RECOMMENDATIONS
      10. APPENDIX A: TROY UNIVERSITY STANDARDS OF CONDUCT FROM THE ORACLE, THE STUDENT HANDBOOK
      11. APPENDIX B: AOP-8-19-08-01 ECAMPUS PROCTORING POLICY
    4. Chapter 14: Amateur vs. Professionals
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. DISTRUST KNOWLEDGE
      3. MONEY AND EXPERTISE
      4. LAYPERSON'S REVOLT
      5. AND NOW WHAT?
    5. Chapter 15: The Ethics of Cyberweapons in Warfare
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE STATE OF THE ART IN CYBERWEAPONS
      4. LAW FOR CYBERATTACKS
      5. RELIABILITY AND EFFECTIVENESS
      6. THE RISK OF COLLATERAL DAMAGE IN CYBERSPACE
      7. DAMAGE ASSESSMENT
      8. SECRECY OF CYBERWEAPONS
      9. CYBER-COUNTERATTACKS
      10. DESIGNING ETHICAL CYBERWEAPONS
      11. OTHER CYBER-MEASURES
      12. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 16: Not Just Software
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: FREE SOFTWARE AS A POLITICAL PRACTICE
      3. CONCLUSION: THE INFORMATIONAL CONTRACT
  9. Section 4: New Trends in Technoethics
    1. Chapter 17: Shaping the Ethics of an Emergent Field
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. NANOETHICS
      4. THE STUDY
      5. FINDINGS
      6. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 18: Transhumanism and Its Critics
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION: TECHNOETHICS AND TRANSHUMANISM
      3. THE ETHICAL CHALLENGE
      4. THREE BAD ARGUMENTS AGAINST TRANSHUMANISM
      5. TWO COMPELLING ARGUMENTS AGAINST TRANSHUMANISM
      6. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 19: Human Implants
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHY A DIFFERENT APPROACH?
      4. WHAT KIND OF JUSTICE?
      5. THE SUGGESTED APPROACH
      6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 20: The Functional Morality of Robots
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE MORAL COMMUNITY
      4. MORAL TRUTH
      5. FUNCTIONALISM IN THE MORAL COMMUNITY
      6. THE CASE FOR ROBOTS
      7. FUNCTIONAL MORALITY
      8. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 21: Cyber-Terrorism and Ethical Journalism
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. A THREAT: TERRORISM
      3. TERRORISM AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES: THE BIRTH OF CYBER-TERRORISM
      4. CYBER-TERRORISTS: CASES AND SCENARIOS
      5. CYBER-TERRORISM AND DECISION-MAKING: A NEED FOR GAME THEORY
      6. GAME THEORY AND COMMUNICATION: A NEED FOR RESPONSIBLE JOURNALISM
      7. ETHICAL JOURNALISM AND RATIONALISM: EFFECTIVE DECISION-MAKING
      8. ETHICAL RATIONALISM: A COUNTER-THREAT SWORD
  10. Compilation of References
  11. About the Contributors