Series solutions of ordinary differential equations
In the previous chapter the solution of both homogeneous and non-homogeneous linear ODEs of order ≥ 2 was discussed. In particular we developed methods for solving some equations in which the coefficients were not constant but functions of the independent variable x. In each case we were able to write the solutions to such equations in terms of elementary functions, or as integrals. In general, however, the solutions of equations with variable coefficients cannot be written in this way, and we must consider alternative approaches.
In this chapter we discuss a method for obtaining solutions to linear ODEs in the form of convergent series. Such series can be evaluated numerically, and those ...