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Essential Guide to Telecommunications, The, Third Edition by Annabel Z. Dodd

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Internet Addresses

Uniform resource locators (URLs) such as www.Yahoo.com represent addresses for sites on the World Wide Web. The Internet protocol, the system for addressing Internet packets, translates URLs to 32-bit IP addresses (e.g., 123.444.52.323) so they can be routed to their destination. To avoid duplication, most of the URLs are administered by central organizations.

The international Internet Corporation for Assigned Names & Numbers (ICANN) is an international nonprofit organization created by the United States government in 1998 to oversee Internet naming and numbering matters. ICANN appoints organizations to assign and keep track of URLs and approves the creation of new top-level domain names. Top-level domain names can be generic ...

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