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Enterprise Integration and Information Architecture

Book Description

Enterprise solutions have emerged as promising tools for integrating and extending business processes across business functions. Supplying a clear and comprehensive introduction to the field, this book provides a detailed description of enterprise information integration—from the development of enterprise systems to extended enterprise information integration in supply chain environments.

Enterprise Integration and Information Architecture: A Systems Perspective on Industrial Information Integration explains how to improve industrial information integration through the application of a systems approach. Describing how systems science is impacting current research in industrial information integration, it covers enterprise architecture, information architecture for enterprises, business process/work flow modeling, and enterprise information integration.

Covering the emergence, growth, and extension of integrated enterprise systems, the book provides you with various perspectives of modern enterprise solutions. It introduces the critical concepts of ERP, industry-oriented enterprise resource planning, and entire resource planning. It also provides guidance on how to transition from extended enterprise integration in a supply chain environment to systems-based enterprise architecture, enterprise modeling, and enterprise modeling in a supply chain environment.

The book proposes a new information architecture for enterprise and supply chain management. It presents modeling and integration information flows for enterprise information integration, together with the Internet of Things (IoT). It also explores the theory and methods of industrial information integration including integration approaches and enterprise application integration.

Complete with numerous examples of extended enterprise integration in actual supply chain environments, the book illustrates the critical issues that arise in professional practice and also explores emerging trends in enterprise integration and its information architecture

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
  2. Author
  3. Chapter 1 - Introduction
    1. 1.1 Modern Enterprise Solution
    2. 1.2 Emergence of ESs
    3. 1.3 Growth of ESs
      1. 1.3.1 Brief History of ESs
      2. 1.3.2 Characteristics of ESs
    4. 1.4 ES Examples
      1. 1.4.1 ES Applications in the Manufacturing Industry
        1. 1.4.1.1 C3P System
        2. 1.4.1.2 Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems
        3. 1.4.1.3 Aero-Engine Pipe Routing
        4. 1.4.1.4 Assembly Planning
      2. 1.4.2 ES Applications in Healthcare
      3. 1.4.3 ES Applications in Managing Dams
      4. 1.4.4 ES Applications in the Telecommunication Industry
      5. 1.4.5 ESs in Transportation
      6. 1.4.6 ES Applications in Other Areas
    5. 1.5 Conclusion
    6. References
  4. Chapter 2 - Enterprise Integration
    1. 2.1 Enterprise Integration
    2. 2.2 Manufacturing Integration
      1. 2.2.1 Brief Description of Manufacturing Enterprises
      2. 2.2.2 Challenges Facing Manufacturing Enterprises
      3. 2.2.3 Modularity and Integration to Meet Challenges
      4. 2.2.4 Manufacturing Integration
    3. 2.3 Engineering Integration
    4. 2.4 Customer Integration
    5. 2.5 ESs in Evolution
      1. 2.5.1 Design Considerations Changes
      2. 2.5.2 Industry-Oriented Enterprise Resource Planning
        1. 2.5.2.1 Introduction
        2. 2.5.2.2 IERP
        3. 2.5.2.3 IERP versus General-Purpose ERP
        4. 2.5.2.4 Connotation of IERP-Oriented Componentization
        5. 2.5.2.5 Business-Driven Approach to IERP System-Oriented Componentization
        6. 2.5.2.6 Levels of Business-Process-Driven Modeling
        7. 2.5.2.7 Metamodel for Business-Process-Driven IERP Componentization
        8. 2.5.2.8 Category of Business Components
        9. 2.5.2.9 Summary
    6. 2.6 Entire Resource Planning
      1. 2.6.1 Comprehensive MF Theory
      2. 2.6.2 Comprehensive MF Theory and ERP
    7. 2.7 Integrating ESs: Future Prospects
    8. References
  5. Chapter 3 - Extended Enterprise Integration in Supply Chain
    1. 3.1 Interenterprise Collaboration
    2. 3.2 Supply Chain Collaboration
      1. 3.2.1 Service-Oriented Architecture
      2. 3.2.2 RFID and IoT
      3. 3.2.3 Agent
      4. 3.2.4 Workflow Management
    3. 3.3 Integrating Supply Chain
    4. 3.4 Extended Enterprise Integration
    5. 3.5 Examples of Recent Research
      1. 3.5.1 Enterprise Collaboration: An Agent-Based Model
      2. 3.5.2 VE Collaborative Operation: A Grid-Based Model
    6. 3.6 Summary
    7. References
  6. Chapter 4 - Enterprise and Supply Chain Architecture
    1. 4.1 Enterprise Architecture
    2. 4.2 Supply Chain Modeling and the Relationship with EM and EA Modeling
      1. 4.2.1 SCM Models in Operations Research, Operations Management, and SCM
      2. 4.2.2 SCM Models Involving Intraorganizational Interoperation
      3. 4.2.3 SCM Models Involving Interorganizational Interoperation
      4. 4.2.4 EM and EA Methods Related to SCM
    3. 4.3 Closing the Gaps between Existing SCM, EM, and EA Models
    4. 4.4 Software Architecture: An Example of Recent Research
      1. 4.4.1 Types of Software Architecture
      2. 4.4.2 Scenario-Based Software Architecture Analysis: A New Method
    5. 4.5 Modeling and Analysis of Workflow for LSCs: An Example of Integrative Modeling of SCM and EM (Ma et al., 2011)
      1. 4.5.1 Lean Supply Chain
      2. 4.5.2 Assumptions
      3. 4.5.3 Standardization of Collaborating Business Process between Organizations
      4. 4.5.4 Modeling and Analysis of Cross-Organizational Workflow
      5. 4.5.5 Application Example
    6. References
  7. Chapter 5 - Information Architecture for Enterprise and Supply Chain: A New Discipline of Industrial Information Integration
    1. 5.1 Intraorganizational Systems
    2. 5.2 Interorganizational Systems
    3. 5.3 Model-Driven Architecture
    4. 5.4 Service-Oriented Architecture
    5. 5.5 Interoperability Models
    6. 5.6 Industrial Information Integration: Examples
      1. 5.6.1 Multilingual Semantic Interoperation in Interorganizational Enterprise Systems
      2. 5.6.2 Agricultural Ecosystem Enterprise Information System
      3. 5.6.3 Water Resource Management Enterprise System
      4. 5.6.4 Automated Assembly Planning System for Complex Products
      5. 5.6.5 Railway Signaling Enterprise System Based on IIIE
    7. 5.7 IIIE: A New Discipline of Industrial Information Integration
      1. 5.7.1 Business Process Management
      2. 5.7.2 Information Integration and Interoperability
      3. 5.7.3 EA and EAI
      4. 5.7.4 Service-Oriented Architecture
    8. References
  8. Chapter 6 - Enterprise Process Modeling and Workflow Management
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Workflow Basics
    3. 6.3 Intraorganizational Workflows
      1. 6.3.1 Modeling Perspectives
      2. 6.3.2 Modeling Techniques
    4. 6.4 Interorganizational Workflows
      1. 6.4.1 Workflow Modeling between Organizations
      2. 6.4.2 Interaction Models
      3. 6.4.3 Routing Approaches
    5. 6.5 Workflow Analysis
      1. 6.5.1 Qualitative Analysis
      2. 6.5.2 Quantitative Analysis
      3. 6.5.3 Empirical Study
    6. 6.6 Future Directions
      1. 6.6.1 Technical Aspects
      2. 6.6.2 Managerial Aspects
    7. 6.7 Summary
    8. References
  9. Chapter 7 - Enterprise Information Integration Modeling and Integrating Information Flows
    1. 7.1 Data and Information Integration
    2. 7.2 RFID: An Emerging Information Architecture
    3. 7.3 IoT: An Emerging Internet-Based Information Architecture
      1. 7.3.1 Introduction
        1. 7.3.1.1 IoT-Oriented Infrastructure for Manufacturing Systems
      2. 7.3.2 Enabling Technologies
        1. 7.3.2.1 Ubiquitous Computing
        2. 7.3.2.2 RFID
        3. 7.3.2.3 Wireless Sensor Networks
        4. 7.3.2.4 Cloud Computing
        5. 7.3.2.5 More on the Enabling Technologies of IoT
      3. 7.3.3 Standards
      4. 7.3.4 Current Research
      5. 7.3.5 Applications
        1. 7.3.5.1 Introduction
        2. 7.3.5.2 Industrial Deployment
        3. 7.3.5.3 Social Internet of Things
        4. 7.3.5.4 Healthcare Applications
        5. 7.3.5.5 IoT in Infrastructures
        6. 7.3.5.6 Security and Surveillance
        7. 7.3.5.7 Data Cleaning in IoT Applications
      6. 7.3.6 Challenges
        1. 7.3.6.1 Future Work
        2. 7.3.6.2 SOA for Internet of Things
      7. 7.3.7 Open Problems and Future Directions
        1. 7.3.7.1 Technical Challenges
        2. 7.3.7.2 Standardization
        3. 7.3.7.3 Information Security and Privacy Protection
        4. 7.3.7.4 Innovation in IoT Environment
        5. 7.3.7.5 Development Approaches
    4. References
  10. Chapter 8 - Industrial Information Integration
    1. 8.1 Enterprise Application
      1. 8.1.1 Intraorganizational EA
      2. 8.1.2 Interorganizational EA
      3. 8.1.3 Integration Requirements
      4. 8.1.4 New Technology Requirements
    2. 8.2 Integration Approaches
      1. 8.2.1 Syntactic Integration Approaches
      2. 8.2.2 SOA
      3. 8.2.3 BPM
      4. 8.2.4 Middleware-Based Techniques
      5. 8.2.5 Object-Oriented Technology
        1. 8.2.5.1 CORBA
        2. 8.2.5.2 DCOM and COM
      6. 8.2.6 Transaction-Based Technology
      7. 8.2.7 Semantic Integration Approaches
    3. 8.3 Enterprise Application Integration
      1. 8.3.1 Distributed EA Architectures
      2. 8.3.2 Integration of Distributed EAs
      3. 8.3.3 Business Process Layer Integration
        1. 8.3.3.1 Remote Method Invocation
        2. 8.3.3.2 Message-Oriented Middleware
      4. 8.3.4 Data Layer Integration
      5. 8.3.5 Communication Layer Integration
      6. 8.3.6 Presentation Layer Integration
      7. 8.3.7 Other Integration Technologies
        1. 8.3.7.1 J2EE
        2. 8.3.7.2 Net Framework
        3. 8.3.7.3 Web Services, SOA, and ESB
        4. 8.3.7.4 Enterprise Service Bus
      8. 8.3.8 Future Perspectives
        1. 8.3.8.1 Trends
        2. 8.3.8.2 Some Research Challenges
    4. 8.4 Summary
    5. References
  11. Chapter 9 - Systems Approach to Industrial Information Integration
    1. 9.1 Complexity
    2. 9.2 Design Science
    3. 9.3 Systems Approach
      1. 9.3.1 Information Integration: An SSE Perspective
      2. 9.3.2 Systems Concepts
        1. 9.3.2.1 Complex Systems
        2. 9.3.2.2 Dimensionality
      3. 9.3.3 ESs’ Subsystem Integration: Workflow Management
      4. 9.3.4 ESs’ Subsystem Integration: Manufacturing Systems
      5. 9.3.5 Inquiring Systems
      6. 9.3.6 Methodological Development
        1. 9.3.6.1 Interdisciplinary Study
        2. 9.3.6.2 Selection of Methods
        3. 9.3.6.3 Theory for Integrated Information Systems as a Whole
      7. 9.3.7 Summary
    4. 9.4 CMFT: A New Theory in Systems Perspectives and Its Implication to IIIE
    5. 9.5 Microscopic Perspectives: BI in ESs
      1. 9.5.1 Business Intelligence
      2. 9.5.2 Supervised Learning Methods
      3. 9.5.3 Unsupervised Learning
        1. 9.5.3.1 Clustering
        2. 9.5.3.2 Itemset Mining
      4. 9.5.4 Opportunities Provided by BI to ESs
        1. 9.5.4.1 Process Mining
        2. 9.5.4.2 Outlier Detection
        3. 9.5.4.3 Graph Data
        4. 9.5.4.4 Summary
    6. 9.6 Resilient ESs
      1. 9.6.1 Enterprise Resilience and Resilient Enterprise Systems
    7. 9.7 SSE Serves ESs
    8. References
  12. Chapter 10 - Future Evolution
    1. 10.1 Overview
    2. 10.2 Major New Theories Impacting ESs
      1. 10.2.1 MF Theory
    3. 10.3 Major New Technologies Impacting ESs
      1. 10.3.1 Internet of Things
      2. 10.3.2 Cloud Computing
    4. 10.4 Other Methods and Techniques Impacting ESs
      1. 10.4.1 Software Architecture Methods
      2. 10.4.2 Networking
    5. 10.5 Summary and Challenges
    6. References