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Engineering for Industrial Designers and Inventors

Book Description

If you have designs for wonderful machines in mind, but aren’t sure how to turn your ideas into real, engineered products that can be manufactured, marketed, and used, this book is for you. Engineering professor and veteran maker Tom Ask helps you integrate mechanical engineering concepts into your creative design process by presenting them in a rigorous but largely nonmathematical format.

Through mind stories and images, this book provides you with a firm grounding in material mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and heat transfer. Students, product and mechanical designers, and inventive makers will also explore nontechnical topics such as aesthetics, ethnography, and branding that influence product appeal and user preference.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
    1. Why I Wrote This Book
    2. How This Book Is Organized
    3. A Word on Nomenclature
    4. A Word on Jargon
    5. Who Should Read This Book?
    6. Safari Books Online
    7. How to Contact Us
    8. Acknowledgments
  2. 1. Design!
    1. Intuition
    2. Designing for People
    3. Design Process
    4. Design by Building
    5. The “Design Thinking” Process
    6. Battle with the Virtual World
      1. The Blank Sheet of Paper
    7. Starting the Design
    8. Philosophical Foundations
  3. 2. Nontechnical Influences
    1. The Role of Aesthetics in Design
    2. The Need for Brand Management
    3. Material Culture: The Context of Design
    4. The Influence of Tradition
    5. Problems with Tradition
    6. Visual Stereotype: Familiarity Influencing Design
    7. Ethnography’s Role in User-Centered Design
    8. Creativity: The Fount of Design
    9. What Is Creativity?
  4. 3. Material Mechanics
    1. The Effects of Pulling, Pushing, and Twisting Forces
    2. Static Loads
    3. Mechanics of Deformable Bodies
    4. Shape
      1. Relationship Between Shape, Stiffness, and Flexural Stress
      2. Relationship Between Stress and Thickness
    5. Stress Concentration
    6. Fatigue
      1. Fatigue Strength
      2. Fretting Fatigue
      3. Creep and Thermal Relaxation
    7. Buckling
    8. Thermal Expansion
    9. Failure Modes
      1. Elastic Deformation
      2. Yielding
      3. Ductile Rupture
      4. Brittle Fracture
      5. Fatigue
      6. Impact
      7. Buckling
      8. Thermal Shock
      9. Wear
      10. Brinelling
      11. Spalling
    10. Noise and Vibration
      1. Noise
      2. Vibration
    11. Closing Thoughts
  5. 4. Materials
    1. Characteristics of Metals
      1. Steel
      2. Common Steel Alloys
      3. Stainless Steel
      4. Aluminum
      5. Bronze
      6. Nickel
      7. Magnesium
      8. Titanium
      9. Zinc
    2. Characteristics of Ceramics
    3. Characteristics of Plastics
    4. Characteristics of Foams
    5. Characteristics of Wood
    6. Characteristics of Composite Materials
      1. Characteristics of Fibers
    7. Chacteristics of Adhesives
    8. Corrosion Behavior of Materials
      1. Anodes and Cathodes
      2. Rust
      3. Crevice Corrosion and Pitting
      4. Intergranular Corrosion
      5. Stress Corrosion Cracking
      6. Biological Corrosion
      7. Corrosion Characteristics
    9. Closing Thoughts
  6. 5. Thermodynamics
    1. The Baseline Temperature
    2. Pressure
    3. Ideal Gas Law
    4. Thermodynamic Laws
      1. First Law of Thermodynamics
      2. Second Law of Thermodynamics
      3. Third Law of Thermodynamics
      4. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
    5. Nature of Phases
    6. Combustion
      1. Fuels
    7. Closing Thoughts
  7. 6. Fluid Mechanics
    1. Fluid Behavior
    2. Fluid Statics
    3. Pneumatics and Hydraulics
    4. Fluid Dynamics
      1. Rheology
      2. Boundary Layer
      3. Drag
    5. Closing Thoughts
  8. 7. Heat Transfer
    1. What Is Heat?
    2. Conduction
    3. Convection
    4. Radiation
      1. Nature of Electromagnetic Radiation
      2. Radiation Heat Transfer
    5. Combined Effects with Radiation
      1. Radiation, Conduction, and Specific Heat
      2. Radiation and Convection
    6. Other Heat Transfer Considerations
      1. Mass Transfer
      2. Cause of Infiltration
      3. Thermal Storage
      4. Internal Sources of Heat
    7. Closing Thoughts
  9. 8. Human Factors
    1. Ergonomics
    2. Handle Design
    3. Anthropometry
    4. Designing with Anthropometric Data
      1. Seat Design Example
    5. Kinesiology
      1. Walking and Running
    6. Mapping
    7. Human Injuries Related to Design
    8. Biomimicry
    9. Interaction Design
    10. Expert Systems and Artificial Neural Networks
    11. Closing Thoughts
  10. 9. Sustainability in Design
    1. Backstory
    2. Usage
    3. Disposal
    4. Closing Thoughts
  11. 10. Mechanical Systems
    1. Pumps, Compressors, and Fans
      1. Positive Displacement
      2. Dynamic
    2. Electric Motors
    3. Transferring Power
    4. Pneumatics and Hydraulics
      1. Pneumatics
      2. Hydraulics
      3. Actuators
    5. Gears
    6. Belts and Chains
      1. Belts
      2. Chains
    7. Cable Drive
    8. Brakes, Clutches and Shaft Drives
      1. Brakes and Clutches
      2. Shaft Drives
    9. Closing Thoughts
  12. 11. Mechanical Components
    1. Bearings
    2. Gaskets and Seals
    3. Fasteners and Bonds
      1. Threaded Fasteners
      2. Rivets
      3. Shaft and Terminal Fasteners
      4. Bonded Joints
      5. Welds
      6. Interference Fits
    4. Springs
    5. Closing Thoughts
  13. Epilogue
  14. Index