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Energy Storage for Smart Grids

Book Description

Energy storage is a main component of any holistic consideration of smart grids, particularly when incorporating power derived from variable, distributed and renewable energy resources. Energy Storage for Smart Grids delves into detailed coverage of the entire spectrum of available and emerging storage technologies, presented in the context of economic and practical considerations.

Featuring the latest research findings from the world’s foremost energy storage experts, complete with data analysis, field tests, and simulation results, this book helps device manufacturers develop robust business cases for the inclusion of storage in grid applications. It also provides the comparisons and explanations grid planners and operators need to make informed decisions about which storage solutions will be most successful when implemented in operational grids.



  • Connects the latest research findings in energy storage with strategies for economical and practical implementation in grid systems
  • Brings together diverse knowledge resources in one comprehensive volume covering all major storage technologies, explained by experts from the world's leading research institutions
  • Includes detailed data analysis from field tests and simulations to help planners and engineers choose the storage method that will add the most value to their grid operations

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributors
  6. Preface
  7. Chapter 1: Energy Storage for Mitigating the Variability of Renewable Electricity Sources
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgments
    3. 1 Introduction
    4. 2 An Overview of Variable Renewable Electricity Sources
    5. 3 Electric Energy-Storage Applications and Technologies
    6. 4 Discussion
    7. 5 Conclusion
  8. Chapter 2: Assessment of Revenue Potentials of Ancillary Service Provision by Flexible Unit Portfolios
    1. Abstract
    2. 1 Introduction and Literature Review
    3. 2 Aggregators in Electricity Markets
    4. 3 Modeling of Revenue Potential
    5. 4 Simulation Study
    6. 5 Profit-Sharing Methodology
    7. 6 Concluding Remarks
  9. Chapter 3: Potential of Sodium-Sulfur Battery Energy Storage to Enable Further Integration of Wind
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgments
    3. 1 Introduction
    4. 2 Energy storage as an alternative
    5. 3 Sodium-Sulfur battery energy storage
    6. 4 Generation shifting
    7. 5 Ramp-rate limiting
    8. 6 Integrating generation shifting and ramp-rate limiting
    9. 7 Concluding remarks
  10. Chapter 4: Application of Energy Storage for Fast Regulation Service in Energy Market
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgments
    3. 1 Introduction
    4. 2 Overview of Secondary Regulation Control
    5. 3 Procurement of Regulation Services and Compensation
    6. 4 Market-Clearance Processing: PJM as an Example
    7. 5 Fast-Regulation Service – ERCOT as an Example
    8. 6 Summary
  11. Chapter 5: Impact of Energy Storage on Cascade Mitigation in Multi-Energy Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 1 Introduction
    3. 2 Basic concepts and definitions
    4. 3 System considerations
    5. 4 Bi-level cascade-mitigation framework
    6. 5 Multi-energy cascade mitigation
    7. 6 Cascade mitigation in electric-power systems
    8. 7 Summary
  12. Chapter 6: Incorporating Short-Term Stored Energy Resource into MISO Energy and Ancillary Service Market and Development of Performance-Based Regulation Payment
    1. Abstract
    2. 1 Introduction
    3. 2 Market-Product Qualification and Market-Clearing Price on Short-term SER
    4. 3 Real-Time Dispatch
    5. 4 Day-Ahead and Reliability Assessment Commitment Dispatch
    6. 5 AGC Deployment
    7. 6 Implementing Performance-based Regulation Compensation
    8. 7 Conclusion
  13. Chapter 7: Day-Ahead and Real-Time Markets Simulation Methodology on Hydro Storage
    1. Abstract
    2. 1 Introduction
    3. 2 Hydro-System Model
    4. 3 Hydro-Unit Performance Curve
    5. 4 Value of Water in Storage Curve
    6. 5 Simulation Methodology
    7. 6 DA/RT Interleave Method
    8. 7 Implementation
    9. 8 Conclusions
    10. Appendix
  14. Chapter 8: Power-System Reliability Impact of Energy-Storage Integration with Intelligent-Operation Strategy
    1. Abstract
    2. 1. Introduction
    3. 2. Energy-storage operation strategy in a distribution system
    4. 3. Energy-storage coordination
    5. 4. Reliability-evaluation framework
    6. 5. Case study
    7. 6. Conclusion
  15. Chapter 9: Electric Vehicles as Energy Storage: V2G Capacity Estimation*
    1. Abstract
    2. 1 Introduction
    3. 2 Availability and Nature of Intermittency of Solar-Photovoltaic and Wind-Energy Systems
    4. 3 EV Charge-Scheduling Algorithm
    5. 4 V2G Capacity-estimation Method
    6. 5 Case Study
  16. Chapter 10: Decentralized Energy Storage in Residential Feeders with Photovoltaics
    1. Abstract
    2. 1 PV generation in the power system
    3. 2 PV integration – benefits and challenges
    4. 3 Storage-strategy working principle
    5. 4 Energy management in houses with PV
    6. 5 Application of Decentralized Energy Storage
    7. 6 ESS battery lifetime with decentralized storage
    8. 7 Conclusion
  17. Chapter 11: Operation of Independent Large-Scale Battery-Storage Systems in Energy and Reserve Markets*
    1. Abstract
    2. 1 Introduction
    3. 2 Problem Formulation
    4. 3 Solution Methods
    5. 4 Numerical Results
    6. 5 Conclusions
    7. Appendix
  18. Index