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Encyclopedia of Information Communication Technologies and Adult Education Integration

Book Description

E-learning has become a major force in adult education on any campus in any country. Since working adults cannot come to campuses for face-to-face meetings, acquiring knowledge through technology, especially Web 2.0’s interactivity, can occur anywhere, at any time.The Encyclopedia of Information Communication Technologies and Adult Education Integration provides comprehensive coverage and definitions of the most important issues, concepts, trends and theories in adult education, adult ESL (English as a Second Language) and information communication technologies. Contributions to this important publication were made by scholars throughout the world with notable research publications and expertise. This comprehensive Encyclopedia features research authored by leading experts offering an in-depth description of key terms and theories/concepts related to different areas, issues and trends in adult education worldwide.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. LIST OF REVIEWERS
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Chapter 1: The Role of Information Communication Technologies in Enriching Adult Education Theory Building
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE ROLE OF ICT ON THEORY BUILDING IN ADULT EDUCATION
    5. ANALYSIS AND COMMUNICATION OF RESULTS
    6. COLLABORATION
    7. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
  9. Chapter 2: How Adults Learn Through Information Technologies
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. WORKPLACE LEARNING AND TECHNOLOGY
    5. DIGITAL DIVIDE OR DIGITAL INCLUSION
    6. CULTURAL ISSUES
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
  10. Chapter 3: Comprehensive Distance Learning Design for Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND: FIRST THINGS FIRST
    4. ADDRESSING THE CHALLENGES OF DISTANCE LEARNING WITH INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN
    5. CONCLUSION
  11. Chapter 4: Web 2.0 and the Actualization of the Ideals of Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. WEB 2.0 AND THE NEW INFORMATION ECOSYSTEM
    5. WEB 2.0 AND COLLABORATION AMONG ADULT EDUCATORS
    6. CONCLUSION
  12. Chapter 5: Conventional Online Teaching vs. Andragogical Online Teaching
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. CONVENTIONAL ONLINE TEACHING VS. ANDRAGOGICAL ONLINE TEACHING
    5. REFLECTIONS
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. CONCLUSION
  13. Chapter 6: Towards a Theory of Learned Technological Helplessness
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. TOWARDS A THEORY OF LEARNED TECHNOLOGICAL HELPLESSNESS
    5. DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
    6. PRESENT PERSPECTIVES
    7. FUTURE TRENDS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ADULT EDUCATORS
    8. CONCLUSION
  14. Chapter 7: The Use of Web 2.0 Technologies in the ESL Classroom
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGIES AND PEDAGOGY
    5. CONCLUSION
  15. Chapter 8: Framing a Philosophy for 21st Century Global Recurrent Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCERNS AND CORRESPONDING CONTENT
    4. TOWARD A CREDO: EXAMINING THE ORIGINS OF VALUES AND BELIEFS IN ADULT EDUCATION
    5. OF MICE AND MEN: WHERE DO OUR SO-TERMED WESTERN VALUES ORIGINATE?
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. THE ADULT EDUCATOR: NOT A NEGLIGENT SPECIES
    8. BLENDED SHORE EDUCATION: TOWARD A THEORY AND PHILOSOPHY FOR 21ST CENTURY ADULT EDUCATION
    9. A SKETCH OF THE KEY ASPECTS OF THE LEARNING RELATIONSHIP: APPLYING PHILOSOPHICAL CONSIDERATIONS TO PRACTICE
    10. ROLES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE 21ST CENTURY ADULT EDUCATOR
    11. CONCLUSION
  16. Chapter 9: Adapting Adult Learning Theories for Online Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. FOUNDATIONAL PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. CONCLUSION
  17. Chapter 10: Impact of Virtual Learning Environments on the Future of Adult Education and Training
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. WHAT WILL BECOME OF DISTANCE EDUCATION?
    4. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR TRANSITIONING TO VIRTUAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS
    5. CONCLUSION
  18. Chapter 11: Delightfully, Difficult Work
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. CONCLUSION
  19. Chapter 12: Technology-Enhanced Information Literacy in Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED INFORMATION LITERACY IN ADULT EDUCATION INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN
    5. E-RESOURCES
    6. COLLABORATION
    7. INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION LITERACY
    8. FUTURE TRENDS
    9. CONCLUSION
  20. Chapter 13: Promoting Digital Competences through Social Software
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BAKGROUND
    4. A CASE STUDY AT THE ROVIRA I VIRGILI UNIVERSITY
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  21. Chapter 14: Personal Learning Networks
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. LEARNING IN MULTIPLE CONTEXTS: FORMAL, INFORMAL, AND INCIDENTAL
    4. THEORETICAL CONCEPTS IN SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING TO SUPPORT PERSONAL LEARNING NETWORKS
    5. DEVELOPING NEW MEDIA LITERACY IN A PARTICIPATORY CULTURE
    6. IMPLICATIONS OF THE PLN FOR SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING IN THE FUTURE
  22. Chapter 15: Key Aspects of Teaching and Learning in the Online Environment
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. TEACHING AND LEARNING ISSUES
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  23. Chapter 16: Structuring and Facilitating Online Learning through Learning / Course Management Systems
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. COMMON FUNCTIONALITIES AND STRUCTURES
    5. FUTURE CONSIDERATIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
  24. Chapter 17: Online Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. WHAT’S REALLY GOING ON IN E-LEARNING?
    5. SURVEY
    6. INTERVIEWS
    7. DISCUSSION AND FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
  25. Chapter 18: Cross-Cultural Learning and Intercultural Competence
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. CROSS-CULTURAL LEARNING/INTERCULTURAL LEARNING
    5. EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING THEORY
    6. TRANSFORMATIVE LEARNING THEORY
    7. THE ISSUES AND CONTROVERSIES
    8. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    9. FUTURE TRENDS
    10. CONCLUSION
  26. Chapter 19: Applying Web 2.0 Technologies to Traditional Teaching
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. GENERATIONAL ATTITUDES
    5. INTEGRATING WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGIES
    6. USING WEB 2.0 FEATURES WITH ADULT STUDENTS
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
  27. Chapter 20: Insuring Self-Direction and Flexibility in Distance Learning for Adults
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. USING CONTRACTS: A LOGICAL SOLUTION
    5. DEFINITIONS
    6. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
    7. Contracts Today
    8. RECENT USES OF CONTRACTS IN DISTANCE AND HYBRID LEARNING
    9. Samples of Learning Contracts and Grading Contracts
    10. PROS AND CONS OF CONTRACT LEARNING/CONTRACT GRADING
    11. Putting it Together: Contract Learning/Grading and Andragogy
    12. CONTRACT LEARNING/CONTRACT GRADING PREMISES
    13. CONCLUSION
  28. Chapter 21: Using Qualitative Methods to Evaluate Distance Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE HERMENEUTIC PHENOMENOLOGY TRADITION
    5. METHODOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE INQUIRY
    6. CRITERIA USEFUL FOR EVALUATING INTERPRETIVE INQUIRY
    7. CASE STUDY DEMOGRAPHICS
    8. INTERVIEW ONE THEMES
    9. INTERVIEW TWO THEMES
    10. INTERVIEW THREE: THEMES AND ANALYSIS
    11. DISCUSSION
    12. DISTANCE EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY
    13. TRANSFER OF HRD KNOWLEDGE
    14. ALTERNATIVE QUALITATIVE EVALUATION DESIGNS
    15. FUTURE TRENDS
    16. CONCLUSION
  29. Chapter 22: Women, Information and Communication Technologies, and Lifelong Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. ISSUES
    5. EXAMPLES OF USE
    6. RECOMMENDATIONS AND FUTURE TRENDS
    7. CONCLUSION
  30. Chapter 23: Gender Impact on Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. GENDER-SENSITIVE ADULT EDUCATION
    5. THE SOCIAL SIDE OF INSTRUCTION
    6. GENERATIONAL ISSUES IN ADULT EDUCATION
    7. GENDERED ASPECTS OF DISTANCE ADULT EDUCATION
    8. CONCLUSION
  31. Chapter 24: Comparing Lecturing and Small Group Discussions
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION
    5. THE NONCONFORMING SMALL GROUP MEMBER
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. SUMMARY
    8. Appendix
  32. Chapter 25: Design Tools and Processes for Building E-Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. DESIGN TOOLS AND PROCESSES
    5. CONCLUSION
  33. Chapter 26: Participatory and Appreciative Adult Learning and Reflection in Virtual Environments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. FACILITATING PARTICIPATORY AND APPRECIATIVE LEARNING AND REFLECTION IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS
    5. CONCLUSION
  34. Chapter 27: Successful Strategies in the Online Learning Environment Based on Theories, Styles, and Characteristics
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. SUCCESS IN THE ONLINE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  35. Chapter 28: Teaching Adults across Cultures, Distance, and Learning Preferences
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONSIDERATIONS ACROSS TECHNOLOGY, CULTURE, AND SPECIAL NEEDS
    4. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND DELIVERY
    5. CONCLUSION
  36. Chapter 29: Library Issues in Adult Online Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. LIBRARIANSHIP AND LEARNING STYLES
    5. LIBRARIANSHIP AND THINKING STYLES
    6. LIBRARIES AND LIBRARIANS ROLE IN ADULT INFORMATION LITERACY
    7. LIBRARIES AND LIBRARIANS ROLE IN ADULT TECHNOLOGY LITERACY
    8. OVERCOMING LIBRARY ANXIETY
    9. REQUIRED LIBRARIAN SKILLS
    10. BEST PRACTICES FOR SUPPORTING ADULT ONLINE EDUCATION
    11. FUTURE TRENDS
    12. CONCLUSION
  37. Chapter 30: Online Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. ADDRESSING POLICY, ACCESS, COMPLETION AND EQUITY
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  38. Chapter 31: Blended Learning Primer
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. BLENDED LEARNING ENVIRONMENT DESIGN
    5. BLENDED LEARNING ADVANTAGES AND CHALLENGES
    6. BLENDED LEARNING FUTURE DIRECTIONS AND RESEARCH
    7. CONCLUSION
  39. Chapter 32: Using Technology in the Assessment of Adult Learners in Online Settings
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. DISCUSSION BOARDS, REFLECTION, AND VIRTUAL WORLDS
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION: WHAT IS NEXT?
  40. Chapter 33: Self-Assessments in Contemporary Adult E-Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. WHY FEEDBACK FOR ADULT E-LEARNER SELF-ASSESSMENT
    5. DISCUSSION
    6. CONCLUSION
  41. Chapter 34: Effects of Basic Computer Training on the Self-Efficacy of Adult Learner’s Utilization of Online Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. FOUR SOURCES OF SELF-EFFICACY DEVELOPMENT
    5. SELF-EFFICACY ASSESSMENT
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
  42. Chapter 35: Digital Media
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. OPPORTUNITIES TO CULTIVATE VOICE, EMPOWERMENT
    5. MODEL FOR PRACTICE WITH ADULT LEARNING STRATEGIES
    6. CONCLUSION
  43. Chapter 36: Integrating Digital Photography into Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. PRESENT PERSPECTIVES
    5. RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. CONCLUSION
  44. Chapter 37: Facilitation of Online Teaching and Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE WORK OF THE FACILITATOR
    5. CONCLUSION
  45. Chapter 38: Community Service Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. FOCUS ON EDUCATION IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
    5. RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. CONCLUSION
  46. Chapter 39: Social Presence in an Online Learning Environment
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. FUTURE TRENDS
    5. CONCLUSION
  47. Chapter 40: Principles of Student Assessment in Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. FUTURE TRENDS
    5. CONCLUSION
  48. Chapter 41: Gaming in Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. GAMER CHARACTERISTICS
    5. BENEFITS OF EGAMING
    6. EGAMES AND ADULT INSTRUCTION
    7. CHOOSING GAMES
    8. ENGINEERING EDUCATION: EXEMPLIFYING THE INCORPORATION OF EGAMING
    9. RECREATIONAL EGAMING IMPACT
    10. FUTURE TRENDS
    11. CONCLUSION
  49. Chapter 42: Gender and Collaborative Knowledge Building in an Online Community of Inquiry
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. COLLABORATIVE KNOWLEDGE BUILDING
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  50. Chapter 43: Participatory and Appreciative Action and Reflection in Adult Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. TRANSFORMATION AS APPRECIATIVE REFLECTION: TOWARDS THE POSSIBLE CO-EXISTENCE OF CRITICAL AND APPRECIATIVE REFLECTION. THE CONTRIBUTION OF PAAR APPROACH
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  51. Chapter 44: Integrating Technology for Effective Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. COURSE INSTRUCTORS
    5. ADULT LEARNERS
    6. INSTITUTIONS
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
  52. Chapter 45: Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Adult Learners Utilizing Information Communication Technologies
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. FOUNDATION OF SELF-EFFICACY
    5. ONLINE, WEB-BASED AND WEB-ENHANCED INSTRUCTION
    6. RESEARCH ON ONLINE INSTRUCTION SELF-EFFICACY
    7. CRITICISMS OF SELF-EFFICACY THEORY AND ASSESSMENT TOOLS
    8. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. IMPLICATIONS AND FUTURE TRENDS
    11. ADDENDUM
  53. Chapter 46: Traditional Instructional Design for Online Learning vs. Unconventional Instructional Design
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND TO ONLINE LEARNING: AN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
    4. UNCONVENTIONAL DESIGN TO ONLINE LEARNING
    5. FUTURE YEARS
    6. CONCLUSION
  54. Chapter 47: Helping Faculty Design Online Courses in Higher Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. ISSUES ON FACULTY PARTICIPATION AND PREPARATION
    5. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SUPPORTS
    6. AN ONLINE APPROACH TO PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
    7. EMERGING TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
  55. Chapter 48: Blended Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES AND PROBLEMS
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  56. Chapter 49: Perceived Neutrality of Technology and its Potential Impact
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. DEFINITIONS OF TECHNOLOGY
    4. VIEWS OF TECHNOLOGY
    5. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STUDIES
    6. POTENTIAL IMPACT ON ADULT LEARNERS
    7. USING CULTURAL STUDIES TO EXAMINE TECHNOLOGY’S IMPACT ON ADULT LEARNERS
    8. CONCLUSION
  57. Chapter 50: Evaluating Teaching in Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
    4. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
  58. Chapter 51: Informal Adult Learning in Simulated and Virtual Environments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND AND ISSUES
    4. FUTURE TRENDS
    5. CONCLUDING THOUGHTS
  59. Chapter 52: Resourcing Equity for Online Learners
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. LIMITATIONS
    5. ISSUES WITH ONLINE LEARNING
    6. EMERGING TRENDS
    7. SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT
    8. FUTURE TRENDS
    9. CONCLUSION
  60. Chapter 53: Virtual Collaboration
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES
    4. THE NATURE OF VIRTUAL AND REMOTE INTERRELATIONSHIPS
    5. SOME REAL-WORLD USES OF VIRTUAL COLLABORATION
    6. PROS AND CONS TO VIRTUAL COLLABORATION
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
  61. Chapter 54: Blackboard Learning System on College Campuses
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BLACKBOARD LEARNING SYSTEM ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES
    4. ADVANTAGES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    5. CONCLUSION
  62. Chapter 55: Initial Stages to Create Online Graduate Communities
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. DESIGN OF ONLINE GRADUATE COMMUNITIES
    5. FUTURE STUDIES
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. Appendex A
  63. Chapter 56: Boundaryless Work and the Role of Mobile ICT
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE AIM OF THIS CHAPTER
    5. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
    6. MOBILE ICT AS A BOUNDARY OBJECT
    7. IDENTITIES IN SOCIAL PRACTICES
    8. THE MOBILE ICT PRACTICE: AN ILLUSTRATION
    9. IDENTITIES IN THE BORDERLAND BETWEEN WORK AND NON-WORK
    10. EXTENDED WORK PRACTICE
    11. BORDER PRACTICE
    12. BOUNDARYLESS PRACTICE
    13. SUMMARY
    14. DISCUSSION
    15. BORDERLAND AND IDENTITY
    16. BORDERLAND AS A SOCIAL PRACTICE
    17. FUTURE TRENDS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY
    18. IMPLICATIONS FOR ORGANIZING WORK AND NON-WORK
    19. FUTURE RESEARCH
    20. CONCLUSION
  64. Chapter 57: Online Learning and Instruction in Health
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE ISSUE OF EFFECTIVENESS IN ONLINE LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION IN HEALTH
    5. STRATEGIES FOR CREATING EFFECTIVE ONLINE LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION IN HEALTH
    6. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FACILITATING ONLINE LEARNING AND INSTRUCTION IN HEALTH
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
  65. Chapter 58: Staying Legal and Ethical in Global E-Learning Course and Training Developments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. ELEMENTS THAT WORK AGAINST ETHICS
    5. FIVE BROAD AREAS OF FOCUS
    6. LEGAL MITIGATIONS
    7. DISCUSSION
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    10. DISCLAIMER
  66. Chapter 59: Increasing Adult Learner Engagement in E-learning Courses through Learner Case Writing
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. USING LEARNER CASE WRITING ONLINE
    5. RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. CONCLUSION
  67. Chapter 60: Knowledge Building Online
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. BUILDING KNOWLEDGE IN COMMUNITY: A CASE
    5. FUTURE TRENDS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. AUTHOR NOTE
  68. Chapter 61: Age, Race and Gender Issues Related to On-line Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. GENDER ISSUES
    5. RACE
    6. AGE
    7. AGE AND GENDER CONNECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
  69. Chapter 62: Virtually Onboarding and Supporting Adult Students in College Using Web 2.0 Technologies
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. ACCLIMATION PROCESS
    4. RETENTION IN HIGHER EDUCATION
    5. TRANSITION TO COLLEGE
    6. SOCIALIZATION INTERACTION AND INTEGRATION
    7. VIRTUAL STUDENT SUPPORT SERVICES
    8. VIRTUAL AND WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGIES
    9. LEGAL ISSUES REALATED TO WEB TECHNOLOGIES
    10. CONCLUSION
  70. Chapter 63: Bringing Together Personal Learning, Higher Education Institutional Elements, and Global Support for a Re-Orientation toward a Focus on Lifelong Learning and Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. DEVELOPING A LIFE LONG LEARNING DEFINITION
    5. 8. CHANGING FACULTY ROLES
    6. THE MEASURABLE PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
    7. ANOTHER INDICATOR SYSTEM OF LIFELONG LEARNING
    8. CONCLUSION
  71. Chapter 64: Program Development in Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE EXAMPLE: A VIABLE PROGRAM PROPOSAL THAT CAN BE IMPLEMENTED
    5. MASTER OF SCIENCE: ADULT EDUCATION/ADULT ESL
    6. MISSION AND GOALS OF THE PROGRAM
    7. EXPLANATION OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE PROGRAM
    8. METHODS OF ASSESSMENT, CRITERIA OF ACHIEVEMENT, AND TIMELINES
    9. EXISTING COURSES AND OTHER RESOURCES THAT WOULD BE USED IN THE PROGRAM
    10. FACULTY MEMBERS
    11. REQUEST TO DEVELOP UNDER FAST TRACK PROCESS
    12. FUTURE TRENDS
    13. CONCLUSION
  72. Chapter 65: Future Methods of Adult Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. FUTURE PEDAGOGICAL METHODS AND RELATED TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ADULT EDUCATION
    5. IMPLICATIONS OF FUTURE TRENDS IN ADULT EDUCATION METHODS
    6. CONCLUSION
  73. Chapter 66: Adult Education and Globalization
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. GLOBALIZATION’S EFFECTS ON ADULT EDUCATION
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
  74. Chapter 67: Barriers to Adult Education Participation, Distance Education, and Adult Learning
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. ADULT LEARNING
    5. DISTANCE EDUCATION
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. CONCLUSION
  75. Chapter 68: Using Principles of Andragogy to Teach Writing to Graduate Students Online
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND TO BEST PRACTICE OF TEACHING WRITING
    4. COMPARISONS OF TEACHING WRITING AND ANDRAGOGY
    5. THE CLASSROOM CLIMATE
    6. THEY NEED TO KNOW
    7. THE LEARNER’S SELF-CONCEPT
    8. WRITING AS INQUIRY
    9. THE ROLE OF THE LEARNER’S EXPERIENCE
    10. FUTURE TRENDS
    11. CONCLUSION
  76. About the Editor