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Encyclopedia of Cyber Behavior

Book Description

Cyber behavior, such as e-learning, e-voting, e-shopping, e-privacy, and e-therapy, could be broadly considered as any physical, social, or mental activities that humans engage in interacting with the Internet and that can be objectively observed in cyber space. The Encyclopedia of Cyber Behavior is intended to offer the first, definitive, and most comprehensive presentation of existing substantial knowledge concerning cyber behavior. It aims to synthesize the scientific knowledge of cyber behavior, examined in a wide variety of disciplines such as psychology, sociology, economics, education, communications, criminology, political science, information science, technology, medicine, law, and business, into one single platform perfect for students, researchers, teachers, managers, and policy makers alike.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
  5. Preface
    1. 1. CYBER BEHAVIOR
    2. 2. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CYBER BEHAVIOR
    3. 3. THE SCIENCE OF CYBER BEHAVIOR
  6. Section 1: Human Behavior in Cyber Space
    1. Chapter 1: Sherry Turkle
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PIONEERING THE STUDY OF TECHNOLOGY AND THE SELF
      4. INTELLECTUAL IMPACTS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 2: Social Network
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 3: A Biography of the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. MAIN ENTRY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 4: NetLab
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GUIDING PRINCIPLES
      4. PRE-HISTORY OF NETLAB
      5. INVENTING NETLAB
      6. COMPUTER NETWORKS MEET SOCIAL NETWORKS
      7. CURRENT NETLAB RESEARCH
      8. THE NetLab DIASPORA
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. ENDNOTES
    5. Chapter 5: The Children's Digital Media Center @ Los Angeles
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. INTELLECTUAL FOUNDATION FOR THE CDMC@LA
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 6: The Center for Mobile Communication Studies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. RESEARCH ON MOBILE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
      5. THE CENTER’S IMPACTS ON MOBILE COMMUNICAITON DISCIPLINE
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 7: Flashlight as a Process Tracing Method
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODS THAT RECORD PROCESS DATA
      5. METHOD OF FLASHLIGHT
      6. FLASHLIGHT VERSUS THE EYE-TRACKER
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 8: Children's Internet Safety Websites
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. 1 WIREDSAFETY
      5. 2 WEB WISE KIDS
      6. 3 NETSMARTZ
      7. 4 KIDS IN THE KNOW
      8. 5 KIWI COMMONS
      9. 6 TEXTED
      10. 7 DEFINE THE LINE
      11. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      12. REFERENCES
      13. ADDITIONAL READING
  7. Section 2: Cyber Behavior with Technologies
    1. Chapter 9: E-Mail and Work Performance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WORK EFFECTIVENESS
      4. E-MAIL FEATURES
      5. E-MAIL OVERLOAD, STRESS, AND DISTRESS
      6. USER FEATURES
      7. ORGANIZATIONAL CONTINGENCIES
      8. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 10: Human Behavior on the WWW
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. ONLINE RESEARCH
      5. INTERNET ADDICTION
      6. ONLINE SEARCH AND INFORMATION PROCESSING
      7. ONLINE CONSUMER BEHAVIOR
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 11: Social Networking Sites
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 12: Human Behavior in Chatrooms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 13: Human Behaviors with Blogs
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 14: Cyber Behavior with Wikis
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      4. AUTHORS’ NOTE
      5. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 15: Human Behaviors with Podcasts
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. PODCAST USES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 16: Virtual Interactions via Smartphones
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
  8. Section 3: Cyber Behavior among Populations
    1. Chapter 17: The Net Generation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. CURRENT RESEARCH ON THE NET GENERATION
      5. NET GENERATION ATTRIBUTES
      6. IN LEARNING
      7. IN ENTERTAINMENT
      8. IN RELATIONSHIPS
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 18: Digital Natives
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. RESEARCHING DIGITAL NATIVES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    3. Chapter 19: U.S. Children's and Adolescents' Internet Access, Use, and Online Behaviors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. U.S. YOUTHS’ INTERNET ACCESS AND USE
      4. EARLIER TRENDS IN YOUTHS’ INTERNET BEHAVIOR
      5. CURRENT TRENDS IN YOUTHS’ INTERNET BEHAVIOR
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 20: Cyber Behaviors among Seniors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REASONS FOR SENIORS TO BOARD THE INFORMATION HIGHWAY
      4. IDIOSYNCRASIES OF CYBER SENIORS IN THEIR USES OF THE INTERNET
      5. CONSTRAINTS ENCOUNTERED BY CYBER SENIORS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 21: Individuals with Disabilities and Internet Use
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CATEGORIES OF DISABILITY
      4. ACCESSIBILITY ISSUES
      5. GENERAL COMPUTER AND INTERNET ACCESSIBILITY
      6. SOCIAL INTERACTION AND SUPPORT FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES THROUGH THE INTERNET
      7. EMPLOYMENT FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES THROUGH THE INTERNET
      8. CURRENT AREAS OF RESEARCH AND SUMMARY
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 22: Cyber Behaviors of Immigrants
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. NEW MEDIA USAGE OF IMMIGRANTS
      5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 23: Internet Use among Rural Residents in North America
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. CURRENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 24: Cyber Behavior of Homeless Adolescents and Adults
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS
      5. FIVE TRENDS
      6. CONTEXT OF HOMELESSNESS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. Chapter 25: Fanship and Fandom in Cyber Space
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
  9. Section 4: Cyber Behavior through Interactions
    1. Chapter 26: Internet Use and Psychological Well-Being
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. APPENDIX
    2. Chapter 27: Internet Use and Cognitive Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. DOES INTERNET USE INFLUENCE COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT?
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 28: Prosocial Behaviors in the Cyber Context
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITION
      3. BEGINNING AND CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS
      4. THE CYBER CONTEXT OF PROSOCIAL BEHAVIORS
      5. THEORETICAL REASONS FOR PROSOCIAL BEHAVIORS IN THE CYBER CONTEXT
      6. VALUE OF PROSOCIAL BEHAVIORS IN THE CYBER CONTEXT
      7. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 29: Cybermedia Use, Multitasking, and Academic Distractibility
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. THE CYBER WORLD
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 30: IT Use and Social/Media Time Displacement
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. PREVIOUS STUDIES OF THE INTERNET, SOCIAL LIFE AND MASS MEDIA
      4. GSS AND SPPA QUESTIONS ON ARTS PARTICIPATION
      5. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 31: Cyber Behaviors in Seeking Information
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOR IN GENERAL
      5. CYBER (ONLINE) INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOR
      6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    7. Chapter 32: Building Knowledge through the Cyber space
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 33: Online Knowledge Sharing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE INTELLECTUAL HISTORY
      4. THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE KNOWLEDGE LITERATURE
      5. RESEARCH ON ONLINE KNOWLEDGE SHARING PRACTICES
      6. MEASUREMENT OF ONLINE KNOWLEDGE SHARING
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    9. Chapter 34: Online Collaboration
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. Chapter 35: Online Friendship
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. Chapter 36: Cybercafés and Youth Development
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORY OF CYBERCAFÉS
      4. CYBERCAFÉS AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
      5. CYBERCAFÉS AND YOUTH DEVELOPMENT
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
      8. ENDNOTE
    12. Chapter 37: Cyber Behavior and Religious Practice on the Internet
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. 1. THE STUDY OF RELIGION AND THE INTERNET
      4. 2. RELIGIOUS CYBER BEHAVIOR IN DIFFERENT RELIGIOUS CONTEXTS
      5. 3. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    13. Chapter 38: Online Assessment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF TRADITIONAL ASSESSMENTS
      4. COMPUTERIZED AND ONLINE ASSESSMENT
      5. CHALLENGES WITH ONLINE ASSESSMENT
      6. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
  10. Section 5: Cyber Behavior in Business
    1. Chapter 39: Trust in Online Shopping Behavior
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. RESEARCH AREAS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 40: Consumers' Adoption of Online Shopping
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. CONSUMERS’ ADOPTION OF ONLINE SHOPPING—DETERMINANT FACTORS AND THEORIES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 41: Cyber Behavior in Marketing
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. MAIN TEXT OF THE CHAPTER
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 42: Internet Banking Adaptation Behavior
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. IB LITERATURE
      4. DISCUSSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 43: E-Auction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INTELLECTUAL HISTORY OF CUSTOMER BEHAVIOR ON E-AUCTION
      4. CUSTOMER BEHAVIOR ON E-AUCTION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 44: The Search and Purchase Process among E-Travel Customers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. E-TRAVEL CUSTOMERS SEARCH AND PURCHASE PROCESS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 45: E-Recruitment
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW
      3. BENEFITS AND COSTS OF E-RECRUITMENT
      4. EMPLOYER ADOPTION OF E-RECRUITMENT
      5. APPLICANT REACTIONS AND BEHAVIOR IN RESPONSE TO E-RECRUITMENT
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 46: Using the Internet to Attract and Evaluate Job Candidates
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ATTRACTING JOB CANDIDATES
      4. EVALUATING JOB APPLICANTS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. Chapter 47: Recruitment and Selection Using Social Network Sites
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ACTIVE RECRUITMENT USING SNSs
      4. PASSIVE RECRUITMENT USING SNSs
      5. SELECTION USING SNSs
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH
      7. REFERENCES
    10. Chapter 48: Cyberloafing in the Workplace
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
      4. ANTECEDENTS OF CYBERLOAFING
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. Chapter 49: Managing Employee Internet Abuse in the Digital Workplace
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE IMPLICATIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITONAL READING
    12. Chapter 50: Product Recommendation Agents for Cyber Shopping Consumers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. DECISION-MAKING SUPPORT FOR CYBER SHOPPERS
      5. NATURAL LANGUAGE INTERACTION IN CYBER SHOPPING SITUATIONS
      6. IMPLEMENTING DYNAMIC PRICES FOR CYBER SHOPPING CONSUMERS
      7. THE USE OF PRODUCT REVIEWS FOR CYBER SHOPPING
      8. PRODUCT RECOMMENDATION INFRASTRUCTURES FOR CYBER SHOPPING
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
    13. Chapter 51: Adoption of Social Networking Sites
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT
      4. ADOPTERS’ CHARACTERISTICS
      5. ADOPTERS’ MOTIVATION
      6. ANTECEDENTS OF ADOPTION
      7. ADOPTERS’ BEHAVIOR
      8. CONSEQUENCES OF ADOPTION
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
    14. Chapter 52: Older Adults and Their Internet Behaviors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. OVERVIEW
      3. INITIAL RESEARCH
      4. OLDER ADULTS AS ACTIVE INTERNET USERS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
  11. Section 6: Cyber Behavior in Medicine
    1. Chapter 53: Telemedicine as a Modality of Health Care Delivery and its Implications
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE EVOLUTION OF THE NOMENCLATURE
      4. BRIEF HISTORY OF TELEMEDICINE
      5. THE RATIONALE FOR TELEMEDICINE
      6. STATUS OF TELEMEDICINE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 54: Physicians' Acceptance of E-Health
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS
      4. INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL THEORY FOR PHYSICIANS’ ACCEPTANCE OF HEALTH IT
      5. E-HEALTH, THE INTERNET, AND DEDICATED DIGITAL NETWORKS
      6. FOUR REPRESENTATIVE E-HEALTH RESEARCH AREAS
      7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 55: E-Health Behaviors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 56: Human Behaviors in Online Pharmacies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. MAIN TEXT OF THE ENTRY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 57: Health-Related Online Support Communities
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 58: Cyber Support Venues for Cancer
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 59: Online Counseling
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. ONLINE COUNSELING
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 60: Peer Counseling Behaviors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. Chapter 61: Cyber Behaviors of Self Health Care Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW OF THE INTELLECTUAL BACKGROUND
      4. RECENT SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
      5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. Chapter 62: Internet Gambling Addiction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUTURE DIRECTIONS AND CONCLUSION
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. Chapter 63: Internet Addiction
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND MAIN RESEARCH AREAS
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
      7. ENDNOTE
    12. Chapter 64: Self-Injury Behaviors in Cyber Space
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND INFORMATION
      4. CYBER BEHAVIORS OF ADULTS ENGAGING IN SELF-INJURY
      5. DIRECTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH AND SUMMARY
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READINGS
    13. Chapter 65: Computer Vision Syndrome among Internet Users
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. PREVALENCE
      5. SYMPTOM
      6. THE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS
      7. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
      8. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
  12. Section 7: Cyber Behaviors in Law
    1. Chapter 66: Internet Crimes against Children
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OFFENSES, OFFENDERS, AND VICTIMS
      4. ENFORCEMENT AND PREVENTION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 67: Internet Sexuality
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. 1. PORNOGRAPHY ON THE INTERNET
      5. 2 SEX EDUCATION ON THE INTERNET
      6. 3 SEXUAL CONTACTS ON THE INTERNET
      7. 4 SEXUAL SUBCULTURES ON THE INTERNET
      8. 5 SEX SHOPS ON THE INTERNET
      9. 6 SEX WORK ON THE INTERNET
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 68: Unwanted Online Sexual Solicitation and Online Sexual Risk Behavior
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITION
      3. CENTERS OF KNOWLEDGE
      4. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 69: Online Pornography Seeking Behaviors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. GOOGLE TRENDS AND ONLINE SEARCHES
      4. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 70: Online Child Pornography
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 71: Self-Disclosure Online
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 72: Online Self-Disclosure Behaviors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. THEORIES PREDICTING LESS SELF-DISCLOSURE ONLINE THAN IN-PERSON
      5. THEORIES PREDICTING MORE SELF-DISCLOSURE ONLINE THAN IN-PERSON
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 73: Online Intimacy Problems
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING ONLINE INTIMACY PROBLEMS
      4. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ONLINE INTIMACY PROBLEMS
      5. SPECIFIC TYPES OF ONLINE INTIMACY PROBLEMS
      6. LEADING RESEARCHERS
      7. TREATMENT OF ONLINE INTIMACY PROBLEMS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. Chapter 74: Responses to Online Privacy Risks
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. KEY AREAS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. Chapter 75: Online Abuse
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    11. Chapter 76: Cyber-Bullying Behaviors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE INTELLECTUAL HISTORY OF CYBERBULLYING
      4. OVERVIEW OF THE CURRENT KNOWLEDGE STATUS OF CYBERBULLYING
      5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    12. Chapter 77: Internet Fraud
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. TYPES OF INTERNET FRAUD
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    13. Chapter 78: Lying on the Internet
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LYING DEPENDING ON THE ENVIRONMENT?
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. Acknowledgment
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    14. Chapter 79: Internet Safety
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING
      5. ONLINE PRIVACY
      6. SAFETY CUES AND PRIVACY POLICY
      7. CYBERBULLYING
      8. INAPPROPRIATE SEXUAL CONTENT
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
  13. Section 8: Cyber Behavior in Government
    1. Chapter 80: E-Participation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. OUTLOOK
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 81: Public Trust in Government, Trust in E-Government, and Use of E-Government
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. TRUST IN GOVERNMENT
      4. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 82: Young People's Online Civic Participation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF THE FIELD
      4. FOUR STRANDS OF EMPIRICAL RESEARCH
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 83: The Democratic Divide
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. DEMOCRATIC DIVIDE: FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 84: Twitter and Political Elections
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. MAIN TEXT OF THE ENTRY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 85: The Causes and Consequences of Political Blogging
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. POLITICAL BLOGGING
      3. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      4. REFERENCES
      5. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 86: Political Behavior in Social Network Sites
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW: POLITICAL BEHAVIOR IN SNSs
      4. POLITICAL BEHAVIOR IN SOCIAL NETWORK SITES
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 87: Cyber Behavior and Social Capital
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. EARLY EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES
      5. TWO ADVANTAGES OF ICT USE IN THE FORMATION OF SOCIAL CAPITAL
      6. ICT USE AND SOCIAL NETWORK
      7. ICT USE AND CIVIC ENGAGEMENT
      8. ICT USE IN LOCAL COMMUNITIES
      9. MOBILE ICT USE AND SOCIAL CAPITAL
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. Chapter 88: Cyber Warfare
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. SYNTHESIS OF CYBER WARFARE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. Chapter 89: Cyber Conflict and Management
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. CYBER CONFLICT
      5. CYBER CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
  14. Section 9: Cyber Behavior in Education
    1. Chapter 90: E-learning in Elementary Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      7. REFERENCES
      8. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 91: E-learning Behaviors in Middle School
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. MAIN TEXT OF THE ENTRY
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 92: Cyber Behavior in Social Studies Education
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    4. Chapter 93: Learning Languages in Cyberspace
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 94: Self-Regulated Learning in Online Mathematical Problem-Solving Discussion Forums
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. INTEGRATING SRL INTO THE ONLINE MATHEMATICAL DISCUSSION FORUMS
      5. SELF-QUESTIONING INSTRUCTIONAL SUPPORT
      6. THE IMPROVE SELF-QUESTIONING PROMPTS
      7. IMPROVE Instructional Practice in Mathematical Discussion Forums
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    6. Chapter 95: Cybertesting Behaviors
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. COMPUTER ANXIETY
      5. TEST ANXIETY
      6. ETHICS AND DISABILITIES
      7. FUTURE DIRECTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 96: Students' Cyber-Plagiarism
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW OF THE INTELLECTUAL HISTORY
      4. THE CURRENT KNOWLEDGE STATUS
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    8. Chapter 97: Cognitive Load Theory in E-Learning
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. COGNITIVE LOAD THEORY
      4. MEASURING COGNITIVE LOAD
      5. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN GUIDELINES DERIVED FROM CLT
      6. FOUR COMPONENT INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN
      7. CURRENT STATUS OF CLT IN E-LEARNING
      8. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    9. Chapter 98: Motivation in Online Environments
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. Chapter 99: Affective Agents in E-Learning Platforms
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW: AFFECTIVE AGENTS IN E-LEARNING
      4. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
  15. Section 10: Cyber Behavior in Different Countries
    1. Chapter 100: Understanding Cyber Behavior in Europe
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DIFFUSION AND ADOPTION OF CYBER BEHAVIOR IN EUROPE
      4. CYBER BEHAVIOR UNDERSTOOD AS USER TYPES IN EUROPE
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
    2. Chapter 101: Cyber-Behaviors and Development Impacts in Latin America
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. CONCLUSION
      5. REFERENCES
      6. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 102: Cyber Behavior of Chinese Internet Users
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. OVERVIEW
      4. 1. GENERAL INTERNET USE
      5. 2. USAGE OF VARIOUS INTERNET SERVICES
      6. 3. ONLINE COMMUNICATION AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS
      7. 4. PROBLEMATIC BEHAVIORS
      8. 5. CROSS-CULTURAL STUDIES ON CHINESE USERS’ INTERNET BEHAVIOR
      9. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      10. REFERENCES
      11. ADDITIONAL READING
      12. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 103: Implementation of E-Governance in India
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. MAJOR E-GOVERNANCE INITIATIVES
      4. NATIONAL E-GOVERNANCE PLAN (NeGP) FOR INDIA (2003-2007)
      5. MISSION MODE PROJECTS AND THEIR PRESENT STATUS
      6. ONLINE SERVICES TO CITIZENS
      7. IMPACT ASSESSMENT
      8. CRITICAL ISSUES FOR INDIA
      9. NATIONAL KNOWLEDGE COMMISSION
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
      12. ADDITIONAL READING
    5. Chapter 104: Cyber Behavior and its Impact in Japan
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EARLY RESEARCH IN JAPAN
      4. CURRENT RESEARCH IN JAPAN
      5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
    6. Chapter 105: Cyber Behaviors in Canada
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. INTERNET USE IN CANADA
      4. ENTERTAINMENT AND NEWS MEDIA
      5. GOVERNMENTAL AND EDUCATIONAL USES
      6. TELE-MEDICINE
      7. RESEARCH IN CANADA
      8. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ADDITIONAL READING
    7. Chapter 106: The Origin and Current Status of Cyberpsychology in Russia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE ORIGIN OF STUDIES IN CYBERPSYCHOLOGY IN RUSSIA
      4. CURRENT STUDIES IN CYBERPSYCHOLOGY IN RUSSIA
      5. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ADDITIONAL READING
  16. About the Editor