You are previewing Emerging Topics and Technologies in Information Systems.
O'Reilly logo
Emerging Topics and Technologies in Information Systems

Book Description

Emerging Topics and Technologies in Information Systems communicates the challenges and opportunities that information systems (IS) research is dealing with today while promoting cutting-edge research on how current IS support is creating the critical backbone for the knowledge society.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Preface
  3. I. Measuring and Reporting Technological Capital in Companies
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE LEARNING PROCESS IN THE COMPANY
      1. Introduction
      2. Resource Based View of the Firm
        1. Introduction
        2. The Competitive Advantage in the Company
        3. Organizational Learning and Isolating Mechanisms
      3. A Framework for Organizational Learning
        1. Introduction
        2. Companies Not Only Learn but Also Unlearn
    4. A FRAMEWORK FOR THE ANALYSIS OF KNOWLEDGE STOCKS IN COMPANIES: THE INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL APPROACH
      1. Introduction
      2. Components
    5. TECHNOLOGICAL CAPITAL IN COMPANIES
      1. Introduction
      2. Idiosyncratic Technological Capital (Low Value, High Uniqueness)
      3. Ancillary Technological Capital (Low Value, Low Uniqueness)
      4. Core Technological Capital (High Value, High Uniqueness)
      5. Compulsory Technological Capital (High Value, Low Uniqueness)
    6. EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL CAPITAL IN COMPANIES
      1. Data
      2. Results of the Study
    7. MAIN CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  4. II. Revisiting Agility to Conceptualize Information Systems Agility
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
      1. Need for Information Systems Agility
      2. Problem Statement
    3. RESEARCH APPROACH
      1. Some Criteria for Good Definition
      2. Is Agility as Specialization of Agility
      3. Research Steps
    4. LITERATURE REVIEW AND ANALSYIS OF EXISTING DEFINITIONS OF AGILITY
      1. The Dominant Agility Framework
      2. Analysis of Existing Definitions of Agility
    5. DEVELOPMENT OF A DEFINITION OF AGILITY
      1. Towards a Definition of Agility
      2. Definition of Agility
      3. Real-Time
      4. Strengths of the Proposed Definition
      5. Weaknesses of the Proposed Definition
    6. AGILE INFORMATION SYSTEMS / INFORMATION SYSTEMS AGILITY
      1. Sensing a Change in Agile Information Systems
      2. Diagnosing the Change in Agile Information Systems
      3. Selecting a Response in Agile Information Systems
      4. Executing the Response in an Agile Information System
    7. VALIDATION AND SUPPORT OF THE PROPOSED DEFINITION
      1. Methodology
      2. Interviewee Demographics
      3. Data Analysis
      4. Interviewee Definition of IS Agility
      5. Comments on the Proposed Definition of Agility and Information Systems Agility
    8. CONCLUSION AND FURTHER WORK
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ENDNOTES
  5. 1. EXISTING DEFINITIONS OF AGILITY
  6. III. Global Understanding Environment: Applying Semantic and Agent Technologies to Industrial Automation
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND AND RELATED RESEARCH
      1. Semantic Technologies for the Internet of Things
      2. Semantic Technologies for Inter-Agent Coordination
    4. THE GLOBAL UNDERSTANDING ENVIRONMENT (GUN)
      1. GUN Basics
      2. GUN Issues
    5. THE CURRENT STATE OF THE REALIZATION
    6. A CASE: DISTRIBUTED POWER NETWORK MAINTENANCE
      1. The Vision
      2. The Prototype
    7. DISCUSSION AND FUTURE WORK
    8. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    9. REFERENCES
    10. FURTHER READING
    11. USEFUL URLS
  7. IV. Targeting E-Commerce to Chinese Audiences and Markets: Managing Cultural and Regional Challenges
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CULTURE AND E-COMMERCE
    4. HOFSTEDE'S DIMENSIONS OF CULTURE
    5. CULTURE AND CHINESE WEB DESIGN
    6. CHINESE WEB USAGE
    7. TRUST AND OTHER CHALLENGES
    8. PAYMENTS AND INFRASTRUCTURE
    9. DESIGN ASPECTS OF CHINESE WEBSITES
    10. REGIONAL ISSUES FOR CHINESE WEB/E-COMMERCE SITES
    11. CONCLUSION
    12. REFERENCES
  8. V. Enterprise Resource Planning System: Issues and Implementation
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. HISTORY OF ERP
    4. ADVANTAGES OF ERP
    5. DISADVANTAGES OF ERP
    6. ERP IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES
    7. SOFTWARE VENDORS
    8. SAP
      1. Oracle/Peoplesoft
      2. Microsoft Dynamics
      3. Infor
      4. Lawson
    9. QAD
    10. TOTAL COST OF ERP OWNERSHIP
    11. CASES OF ERP IMPLEMENTATION
      1. Tata Refractories
      2. FoxMeyer Drugs
      3. FLIR Systems
    12. CONCLUSION
    13. REFERENCES
  9. VI. A Secure Characteristics of Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION TO WIRELESS AD-HOC NETWORKS
    3. THE AD-HOC NETWORK ENVIRONMENT
    4. SECURE CHARACTERISTICS OF GATEWAY SOLUTIONS
    5. OTHER SOLUTIONS
    6. REQUIREMENTS FOR GATEWAY SPECIFICATION
    7. THE GATEWAY ARCHITECTURE
    8. THE INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE OF GATEWAY
    9. GATEWAY DESIGN CRITERION
      1. Software Development
        1. Design Principles
        2. Operating System
        3. Programming Language
        4. Compiler
    10. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
    11. REFERENCES
    12. USEFUL URL: WEBSITES
  10. VII. A Survey on Approaches to Adaptation on the Web
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. OVERVIEW OF ADAPTATION APPROACHES
      1. Single-Model Adaptation
      2. Collaborative Filtering
        1. Content-Based Filtering
        2. Multi-Dimensional Approaches
        3. Combining Domain and User Model
        4. Extending the Domain Model with Presentation and Narrative Information
        5. The Task Model
        6. Other Models Used in Adaptation
    4. TECHNIQUES FOR MODEL PROCESSING
      1. State-of-the-Art Techniques
        1. Statistical Matching Techniques
        2. Machine-Learning-Based Classification Techniques
      2. Semantic-Based Retrieval and Reasoning
        1. The Hera Specification Framework
        2. The Personal Reader
      3. Model Representation Formalisms
    5. MODEL CONTENT
      1. The User Model
      2. The Domain Model
    6. DISCUSSION ON THE APPROACHES TO ADAPTATION
      1. Drawbacks of Filtering-Based Approaches
      2. Advantages of Multi-Model Approaches
      3. Drivers for Semantic in Adaptive Hypermedia Systems
    7. REFERENCES
  11. VIII. A Personalized Portal on the Basis of Semantic Models and Rules
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE WEB LAYER
    4. THE DOMAIN LAYER
    5. THE DATA LAYER
    6. A PERSONALIZED KNOWLEDGE PORTAL PROTOTYPE
    7. THE PROTOTYPE'S ARCHITECTURE
    8. LIMITATIONS AND POSSIBLE EXTENSION
    9. CONCLUSION AND OUTLOOK
    10. REFERENCES
  12. IX. British Consumers' Attitudes and Acceptance of Mobile Advertising
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. ATTITUDES TOWARDS ADVERTISING AND WEB ADVERTISING
    4. ATTITUDES TOWARDS WIRELESS ADVERTISING
    5. METHODOLOGY
    6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      1. Consumer Attitude to Mobile Internet
      2. Ubiquity of Devices
        1. Location Information
        2. Smaller Screen
        3. Transmission Speed
      3. Factors Influencing Consumer Adoption of Mobile Internet
        1. Easy to Use
        2. Reliability
        3. Product Experience
      4. Consumer Attitude to Mobile Advertising—Consumer Belief, Feelings (Affect) and Intentional Behaviour to Mobile Advertising
      5. Consumer Belief of Mobile Advertising
        1. Product Information
        2. Hedonic/Pleasure
        3. Social Role and Image
        4. Materialism
        5. Falsity/Non-Sense
        6. Irritation
      6. Consumer Feelings (Affect) Towards Mobile Advertising
        1. Screen Size
        2. Speed
        3. Necessity
      7. Consumer Intentional Behaviour (Behavioural) to Mobile Advertising
      8. Relationship between Consumer Belief, Feelings and Intentional Behaviour to Mobile Advertising
      9. Past Behaviour
    7. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    8. REFERENCES
  13. X. Determinants of ERP Implementations: An Empirical Study in Spanish Companies
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. HYPOTHESES DEVELOPMENT
      1. Efficient Choice Perspective
      2. Imitation Perspective
    4. SAMPLE SELECTION AND EMPIRICAL METHODS
      1. Sample Selection
      2. Empirical Methods
    5. RESULTS
      1. Efficient Choice Perspective
      2. Imitation Perspective
    6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ENDNOTES
  14. XI. Emerging Topics and Technologies in Information Systems
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. POSITIONING OF THE PARTNERS IN THE JOINT RESEARCH PROJECTS
    4. HOW THE JOINT RESEARCH PROJECTS IN THE TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM EVOLVED
    5. FACTORS ENHANCING THE COMMERCIALIZATION PROCESS AND BARRIERS TO COMMERCIALIZATION
    6. PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS
    7. REFERENCES
  15. XII. Technology-Related Privacy Concerns: An Emerging Challenge
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THE PRIVACY CONSTRUCT
      1. Changing Patterns of Privacy Concerns
    4. MONITORING AND SURVEILLANCE IN THE WORKPLACE
      1. An Industry Perspective
    5. PRIVACY LEGISLATION FROM A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  16. XIII. Fear of Flying and Virtual Environments: An Introductory Review
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
      1. Human-Computer Interaction
    3. VIRTUAL REALITY AND VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS
      1. "Looking at" vs "Being in"
      2. A Recipe for Success
    4. WHAT IS FEAR
      1. One Output from Many Inputs
      2. Exposure Therapy
    5. VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS APPLIED TO CLINICAL SETTINGS
      1. Computers as Passive or Active Tools
      2. Defining Metrics
      3. The First Experiments
      4. Attacking Arachnophobia at Multiple Levels
      5. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
    6. FEAR OF FLYING AND VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS
      1. Quantifying the Fear of Flying
      2. Steps to Recovery (That Become Obstacles)
      3. Fear of Flying: A Case Study
      4. Fear of Flying: An Experiment
      5. Lasting Effects?
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  17. XIV. A Context-Based Approach for Supporting Knowledge Work with Semantic Portals
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. MODELING KNOWLEDGE WORK
      1. Process Modeling vs. Activity Modeling
      2. The Concept of Knowledge Stance
    4. CONTEXT-BASED SUPPORT
      1. Context Types and Dimensions
      2. Applying Knowledge Stances for Context-Based Support
    5. INWISS—AN INTEGRATIVE ENTERPRISE KNOWLEDGE PORTAL
      1. Context-Based Portlet Integration and Retrieval
      2. Prototype
      3. Evaluation
    6. SUPPORTING KNOWLEDGE STANCES
      1. Representing Knowledge Stances
      2. Utilizing the Working Context
    7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ENDNOTES
  18. XV. A Survey of Web Service Discovery Systems
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. WEB SERVICES DISCOVERY
      1. Web Service Description Languages
        1. WSDL—A Non Semantic Web Description Language
        2. Semantic Web Service Description Languages
      2. Web Service Model
      3. Category of Web Service Discovery Systems
        1. Distributed Discovery Systems
        2. QoS Discovery Systems
        3. Applying Fuzzy Logic to Discovery
    4. A TAXONOMY OF WEB SERVICES DISCOVERY SYSTEMS
      1. Introduction to the Taxonomy
      2. Discovery of Semantic Web Services Using the Same Ontology
        1. Direct Matching
        2. Dividing the Matching Process into Several Stages
        3. Supporting UDDI
      3. Discovery of Web Services Using Different Ontologies
    5. WEB SERVICES DISCOVERY ISSUES
      1. Matching Semantic Web Services Against Non-Semantic Web Services
      2. Matching Semantic Web Services that Use Different Description Languages
      3. Matching Web Services Using Different Ontologies
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  19. XVI. User Relevance Feedback in Semantic Information Retrieval
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. RELATED WORKS
    4. THE USER NEEDS REPRESENTATION
      1. Dynamic Semantic Network
    5. SYNTACTIC-SEMANTIC METRIC
    6. WEB RETRIEVAL SYSTEM
    7. RESULTS AND EVALUATION
    8. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORKS
    9. REFERENCES
  20. XVII. A Preliminary Study toward Wireless Integration of Patient Information System
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION BARRIERS
    4. DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE TRIAL SYSTEM
      1. Database Design
    5. WEBSITE DESIGN
    6. PDA INTERFACE AND CONNECTIVITY
      1. System Hardware and Software Description
      2. Wireless Access Client-Server Synchronization
    7. SECURITY ISSUES
      1. Windows Advanced Server Security
      2. Microsoft SQL Server Security
    8. IMPLEMENTATION AND TESTING
      1. Trial System Implementation
      2. Trial System Testing
    9. SYSTEM PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
    10. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
  21. Compilation of References
  22. About the Contributors