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Emerging Research on Bioinspired Materials Engineering

Book Description

Bioinspired materials can be defined as the organic or inorganic materials that mimic naturally occurring substances. With applications in a number of fields such as biomedical, chemical, mechanical, and civil engineering, research on the development of biologically-inspired materials is essential to further advancement. Emerging Research on Bioinspired Materials Engineering provides insight on fabrication strategies for bioinspired materials as well as a collective review of their current and prospective applications. Highlighting essential research on bioinspired processes and the nano-structural, physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical aspects of biologically-inspired materials, this timely publication is an ideal reference source for engineers, researchers, scholars, and graduate students in the fields of materials science and engineering, nanotechnology, biotechnology, and biomedical materials science.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. List of Reviewers
  7. Preface
  8. Chapter 1: Green Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles Using Plant Compounds and Their Applications
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. CHARACTERIZATION OF NANOPARTICLES
    4. 3. SYNTHESIS METHODS OF NANOPARTICLES
    5. 4. GREEN SYNTHESIS OF SILVER (Ag), GOLD (Au) AND COPPER (Cu) NANOPARTICLES
    6. 5. SECONDARY METABOLITES
    7. 6. FACTORS AFFECTING THE BIOSYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLES
    8. 7. ANTIBACTERIAL MECHANISM OF NANOPARTICLES’ FORMATION
    9. 8. APPLICATION OF BIOSYNTHESIZED NANOPARTICLES
    10. 9. CONCLUSION
    11. REFERENCES
  9. Chapter 2: Toxic Effects of Engineered Nanoparticles on Living Cells
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. CURRENT STATE OF ENGINEERED NANOPARTICLES IN THE ENVIRONMENT
    5. MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME INOVATED ENGINEERED NANOPARTICLES
    6. INTERACTION ETHICS OF NANOPARTICLES WITHIN LIVING CELLS
    7. STUDIES SHOWING HARMFUL EFFECTS OF NANOPARTICLES ON LIVING CELLS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
  10. Chapter 3: Bioinspired Nanoparticles for Efficient Drug Delivery System
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. 1. BIOINSPIRED DRUG DELIVERY FOR CANCER APPLICATIONS
    4. 2. GENE THERAPY
    5. 3. BIOMIMETIC CALCIUM APATITE NANOPARTICLES FOR DRUG DELIVERY
    6. 4. PROTEIN DELIVERY APPLICATIONS
    7. 5. OTHER APPLICATIONS
    8. DISCUSSION
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Chapter 4: Self-Assembled Biomimetic Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. SELF-ASSEMBLED SCAFFOLDS
    4. MATERIALS FOR BIOMIMETIC SCAFFOLD FABRICATION
    5. HIERARCHICAL SELF-ASSEMBLED SCAFFOLDS
    6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
    7. REFERENCES
  12. Chapter 5: Introduction to Bio-Inspired Hydrogel and Their Application
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. HYDROGEL
    3. SYNTHESIS
    4. 3 CHARACTERIZATION
    5. 4 APPLICATION
    6. 5. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  13. Chapter 6: Synthesis, Characterizations, and Biological Effects Study of Some Quinoline Family
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. 1. BACKGROUND
    4. 2. SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERISATION PART
    5. 3. BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
    6. 4. MATERIALS AND METHODS
    7. 5. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  14. Chapter 7: Peroxovanadates and Its Bio-Mimicking Relation with Vanadium Haloperoxidases
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. STRUCTURE OF VANADIUM HALOPEROXIDASES (V-HPOs)
    4. 3. ROLE OF SIDE-CHAIN ON THE REACTIVITY OF V-HPO
    5. 4. STRUCTURE OF PEROXOVANADIUM (V) COMPLEXES
    6. 5. OXIDATION REACTIONS CATALYZED BY PEROXOVANADIUM (V) COMPLEXES
    7. 6. MECHANISM OF CATALYTIC ACTIVITY OF PEROXOVANADIUM (V) COMPLEXES
    8. 7. THE SELECTIVITY AND REGIOSELECTIVITY OF V-BrPO
    9. 8. FUNCTIONAL AND STRUCTURAL MIMICS OF VHPO’s
    10. 9. MIMICKING RELATION OF PEROXOVANADATE AND HALOPEROXIDASE IN REACTIVITY
    11. 10. SUMMARY
    12. REFERENCES
  15. Chapter 8: A Bio-Inspired Phenomena in Cementitious Materials
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. HISTORY
    4. 3. TERMINOLOGY
    5. 4. SIGNIFICANCE
    6. 5. SELF-HEALING MECHANISMS IN CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS
    7. 6. FACTORS AFFECTING SELF-HEALING CAPACITY OF CEMENTITIOUS COMPOSITES
    8. 7. SELECTION OF SELF-HEALING METHOD
    9. 8. VALIDATION METHODS FOR SELF-HEALING
    10. REFERENCES
  16. Chapter 9: Impact of Electrospun Biomimetic Extracellular Environment on Proliferation and Intercellular Communication of Muscle Precursor Cells
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CONCLUDING REMARKS
    4. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    5. REFERENCES
  17. Chapter 10: Engineered Gellan Polysaccharides in the Design of Controlled Drug Delivery Systems
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MODIFIED GELLAN POLYSACCHARIDE IN DRUG DELIVERY
    5. FUTURE DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  18. Chapter 11: Bioinspired Materials and Biocompatibility
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. NOTE
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
    10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  19. Chapter 12: Synthetic Approaches to Biology
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. RNA-BASED APPROACHES FOR ENGINEERING GENE CONTROL CIRCUITS IN PROKARYOTIC AND EUKARYOTIC CELLS
    4. 3. METHODS FOR SYNTHESIZING GENOMES: ITS CURRENT ACHIEVEMENTS AND LIMITATIONS
    5. 4. GENOME EDITING TOOLS IN PROKARYOTIC AND EUKARYOTIC CELLS
    6. 5. ETHICAL AND BIOSAFETY CONCERNS
    7. 6. DISCUSSSION
    8. 7. CONCLUSION
    9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    10. REFERENCES
    11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  20. Compilation of References
  21. About the Contributors