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Electronics Simplified, 3rd Edition by Ian Sinclair

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Chapter 13. Microprocessors, Calculators, and Computers
Definition of microprocessor. Action of controlling gates and flipflops by binary codes. Program and program register. Addressing memory by binary number on memory inputs. Bus connections. One-way and two-way buses. Data bus, address bus and control bus. Microprocessor cycle for each instruction. Instruction register. Microprogram. Accumulator register. Data size of processor in terms of bits in register. Multi-core processor. Memory. Address numbers. Non-volatile ROM. Random-access memory (RAM). Static and dynamic RAM. Cache memory. Refreshing dynamic memory. Address bus details. Read/Write line in control bus. Program counter(PC) or Instruction pointer (IP) register. Jumps and interrupts. ...

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