Working with Mains Voltage
In This Chapter
Examining how mains-voltage wiring works
Making safe connections with mains-voltage circuits
Mains voltage is the voltage that’s available in standard residential or commercial wall outlets. In the UK, this voltage is supposed to be around 230 VAC (volts, alternating current), since harmonisaiton with other European countries. Mains voltage used to be 240 VAC in the UK and, in some places, it still is. In fact, mains supply voltages do vary a bit in practice but they will generally be around 230-240 VAC, and we refer to it as 230 VAC in this book. In other parts of the world, the voltage is often lower or occasionally higher.
In the US, mains voltage is often called line voltage.
In this chapter, you learn about ways to use the mains supply safely so that neither you nor anyone else gets hurt.
Adapting the Mains Supply for Use in Your Projects
Although batteries are a convenient ...