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Electricity Transmission, Distribution and Storage Systems

Book Description

Electricity transmission and distribution systems carry electricity from suppliers to demand sites. During transmission materials ageing and performance issues can lead to losses amounting to about 10% of the total generated electricity. Advanced grid technologies are therefore in development to sustain higher network efficiency, while also maintaining power quality and security.

Electricity transmission, distribution and storage systems presents a comprehensive review of the materials, architecture and performance of electricity transmission and distribution networks, and the application and integration of electricity storage systems.

The first part of the book reviews the fundamental issues facing electricity networks, with chapters discussing Transmission and Distribution (T&D) infrastructure, reliability and engineering, regulation and planning, the protection of T&D networks and the integration of distributed energy resources to the grid. Chapters in part two review the development of transmission and distribution system, with advanced concepts such as FACTS and HVDC, as well as advanced materials such as superconducting material and network components. This coverage is extended in the final section with chapters reviewing materials and applications of electricity storage systems for use in networks, for renewable and distributed generation plant, and in buildings and vehicles, such as batteries and other advanced electricity storage devices.

With its distinguished editor, Electricity transmission, distribution and storage systems is an essential reference for materials and electrical engineers, energy consultants, T&D systems designers and technology manufacturers involved in advanced transmission and distribution.

  • Presents a comprehensive review of the materials, architecture and performance of electricity transmission and distribution networks
  • Examines the application and integration of electricity storage systems
  • Reviews the fundamental issues facing electricity networks and examines the development of transmission and distribution systems

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  7. Dedication
  8. Preface
  9. Part 1: Fundamentals of electricity transmission and distribution
    1. Chapter 1: Introduction to transmission and distribution (T&D) networks: T&D infrastructure, reliability and engineering, regulation and planning
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Characteristics of traditional and nontraditional power systems
      4. 1.3 Customer requirements and demand
      5. 1.4 Principles and natural laws governing T&D system design
      6. 1.5 Layers or levels of the traditional T&D system
      7. 1.6 Modern smart distributed power distribution systems
      8. 1.7 Factors affecting the T&D system of the future
      9. 1.8 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 2: Transmission and distribution (T&D) network monitoring and control
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Control of system frequency
      4. 2.3 Ensuring system stability
      5. 2.4 Control of voltages
      6. 2.5 Control of currents
      7. 2.6 Power system operation and coordination of control
      8. 2.7 Measurement, monitoring and communications
    3. Chapter 3: Protection of transmission and distribution (T&D) networks
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Fault detection and isolation
      4. 3.3 Protection system requirements
      5. 3.4 Protection system components and philosophies
      6. 3.5 Overview of protection techniques
      7. 3.6 Typical protection schemes and further considerations
      8. 3.7 Standard requirements for protection of generators and their interfaces to the utility network
      9. 3.8 Future trends: Impact of distributed generation (DG) and storage on protection
    4. Chapter 4: Integration of distributed energy resources (DER) to the grid
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 DER technologies
      4. 4.3 Effects of DER on the grid
      5. 4.4 DER connection to transmission and distribution networks
      6. 4.5 Grid codes and standards
      7. 4.6 Challenges and future trends
      8. 4.7 Conclusion
      9. 4.8 Sources of further information and advice
  10. Part II: Advances in materials and technologies for electricity transmission and distribution
    1. Chapter 5: Development of advanced materials for transmission and distribution (T&D) networks equipment
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Switchgear materials: properties, types and performances
      4. 5.3 Development and impact of advanced switchgear materials
      5. 5.4 Challenges and future trends
    2. Chapter 6: High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) electric power transmission systems
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 AC or DC?
      4. 6.3 HVDC configurations
      5. 6.4 HVDC equipment and components
      6. 6.5 Operation of HVDC
      7. 6.6 HVDC grids
      8. 6.7 Future trends
      9. 6.8 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 7: Modern flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 The voltage source converter
      4. 7.3 The static synchronous compensator (STATCOM)
      5. 7.4 The static synchronous series compensator (SSSC)
      6. 7.5 The unified power flow controller (UPFC)
      7. 7.6 Hybrid flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) technologies
      8. 7.7 Conclusion
    4. Chapter 8: Nanodielectrics and their role in power transmission applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Nanodielectric materials
      4. 8.3 Development of nanodielectrics
      5. 8.4 Impact of advanced dielectric materials
      6. 8.5 Challenges and future trends
      7. 8.6 Conclusion
      8. 8.7 Sources of further information and advice
    5. Chapter 9: Superconducting fault current limiters and power cables
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Fault current limiters
      4. 9.3 Superconducting power cables
      5. 9.4 Conclusion
  11. Part III: Electricity storage technologies
    1. Chapter 10: Techno-economic analysis of electricity storage systems
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Economic issues and analysis
      4. 10.3 Environmental aspects of electricity storage
      5. 10.4 Challenges and future trends
      6. 10.5 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 11: Nickel-based batteries: materials and chemistry
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Nickel hydroxide electrode
      4. 11.3 Nickel-iron systems
      5. 11.4 Nickel-cadmium systems
      6. 11.5 Nickel-hydrogen systems
      7. 11.6 Nickel-zinc systems
      8. 11.7 Nickel-metal hydride systems
      9. 11.8 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 12: Redox flow batteries for medium- to large-scale energy storage
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Electrochemical cells
      4. 12.3 Flow battery chemistries
      5. 12.4 Conclusion
    4. Chapter 13: Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems
      1. Abstract:
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Current and load considerations
      4. 13.3 SMES systems
      5. 13.4 SMES limitations
      6. 13.5 Superconducting magnets
      7. 13.6 Applications of SMES
      8. 13.7 Conclusion
      9. 13.8 Acknowledgements
  12. Index