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Electricity for the Entertainment Electrician & Technician, 2nd Edition

Book Description

The application of electricity for the theatre or a concert stage is not the same as for a residence or commercial building. Electricity for the Entertainment Electrician & Technician provides you with the fundamentals of theory of electricity as well as the latest guidelines and tips for how to stay safe, current and meet the needs of the entertainment industry. Written by an ETCP (Entertainment Technician Certification Program) trainer this reference supports practicing technicians and provides new technicians the assistance needed for a successful career in the entertainment industry.

    * The only reference on electricity for the entertainment industry professional!
    * Written by an ETCP (Entertainment Technician Certification Program) trainer and seasoned professional
    * Free additional practice problems and animations at www.electricityentertainmenttech.com

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Table of Contents
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. Introduction Electricity is Life
  8. Chapter 1 The Theory of Electricity
    1. What is Electricity?
    2. Electrons in Motion
    3. The Atom
    4. Subatomic Particles
    5. Electrostatic Attraction and Repulsion
    6. Conductive Properties of Materials
    7. Current Convention
    8. Summary
    9. Understanding Electricity Protection
  9. Chapter 2 DC Electricity
    1. Pulling Back the Veil of Mystery
    2. The Water–Electricity Analogy
    3. The DC Circuit
    4. Circuit Fundamentals
    5. Ohm’s Law
    6. DC Power
    7. Understanding DC Electricity
  10. Chapter 3 Electrical Terminology
    1. The Importance of Terminology
    2. Voltage
    3. Current
    4. Resistance
    5. Power
    6. Energy
    7. Units of Measure: Amperes, Volts, Ohms, Siemens, Joules, Watts
      1. The Ampere
      2. The Volt
      3. Categories of Meters
      4. True RMS versus Average Reading Meters
      5. The Ohm
      6. The Siemens
      7. The Joule
      8. The Watt
    8. Helpful Hints
    9. SI Prefi xes and Notation
    10. Conservation of Energy
    11. Understanding Electrical Terminology
  11. Chapter 4 AC Electricity
    1. Magnetism
    2. Electromagnetism
    3. Magnetic Induction
    4. Faraday’s Law of Induction
    5. Fleming’s Right-Hand Rule
    6. The AC Generator
    7. Exercise Your Knowledge of Sinewaves
    8. Frequency
    9. The Sinewave
    10. RMS
    11. Average versus RMS
    12. True RMS Meters
    13. Understanding AC Electricity
  12. Chapter 5 Electrical Loads
    1. Resistance
    2. Series Resistance
    3. Parallel Resistance
    4. Series/Parallel Resistance
    5. Reactance
    6. Inductors
    7. Capacitors
    8. Impedance
    9. Complex Impedance
    10. Non-Linear Loads
    11. Harmonics
    12. Third-Order Harmonics
    13. Triplens
    14. Understanding Electrical Loads
  13. Chapter 6 AC Power
    1. Phase Angles
    2. DC Power versus AC Power
    3. Complex Power
    4. Power Factor
    5. The AC Power Formula
    6. Consequences of Low Power Factor
    7. Power Factor Correction
    8. Three-Phase Power
    9. Four-Wire Plus Ground Wye or Star Service
    10. Three-Phase Power Calculations
    11. Understanding AC Power
  14. Chapter 7 Sources of Power
    1. Transformers
    2. Transformer Taps
    3. Distribution Transformers
    4. Three-Phase Four-Wire plus Ground Wye or Star
    5. Three-Phase Three-Wire Delta
    6. Three-Phase Four-Wire Delta (High Leg Delta)
    7. Single-Phase Two-Wire Earthed End of Phase
    8. Single-Phase Three-Wire Earthed Midpoint
    9. Portable Power Generators
    10. Portable Generator operating Procedures
      1. Generator Specs
      2. Operation and Maintenance
      3. Monitoring Operation
    11. Battery Power
      1. Primary and Secondary Batteries
      2. Battery Chemistry
      3. Battery Hazards
      4. Safety Features in Li-Ion Batteries
      5. Electric Shock Hazard
      6. Commercial Transportation of Lithium Batteries
      7. Proper Disposal
    12. Understanding Power Sources Concepts
  15. Chapter 8 Electrical Safety
    1. Electric Shock
    2. Eff ects of Electrical Current
    3. Working Safely
    4. Lockout/Tagout
    5. Simple Lockout/Tagout versus Complex Lockout/Tagout
    6. Arc Flash and Arc Blast
    7. Working Live
    8. Shock Protection Boundaries
    9. Arc Flash Boundary
    10. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
      1. Arc-Rated Clothing
      2. Hand and Arm Protection
      3. Other Protective Equipment
    11. Understanding Electrical Safety
  16. Chapter 9 Grounding/Earthing
    1. System Earthing/Grounding
    2. Zero-Volt Reference
    3. Limiting Overvoltages
    4. Types of Grounding/Earthing Electrodes
    5. Grounding/Earthing Separately Derived Systems
    6. Grounding/Earthing Electrode Conductor
    7. Main Bonding Jumper
    8. Equipment Grounding Conductor/Circuit Protective Conductor
  17. Grounded versus Grounding versus Bonding
    1. Uni-Grounding versus Multi-Grounding
    2. Ground Loops
    3. Isolated Grounding
    4. Balanced Power Systems
    5. Grounding/Earthing Electrodes for Isolated Grounding and Tech Power
    6. Understanding Grounding/Earthing Concepts
  18. Chapter 10 Overcurrent Protection
    1. Fuses
    2. Current Limiting
    3. Taps
    4. Low-Voltage, Low Current Fuses
    5. Circuit Breakers
      1. Circuit Breaker Ratings
      2. Thermal Circuit Breakers
      3. Magnetic Circuit Breakers
    6. Residual Current Devices
    7. Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters
    8. Class A GFCIs
    9. Understanding Overcurrent Protection
  19. Chapter 11 Dimming, LEDs, and Harmonics
    1. LED Dimming
    2. Phase-Control Dimming
    3. Reverse Phase-Control Dimming
    4. Sinewave Dimming
    5. Feeder Transformers for Non-Linear Loads
    6. K-Rated Transformers
    7. Harmonic Mitigating Transformers
    8. Harmonic Suppression Systems
    9. Understanding Dimming Systems
  20. Chapter 12 Temporary and Portable Power Distribution
    1. System Design and Show Prep
    2. Advancing a Show
    3. Load In and Preliminary Layout
    4. Tying In
    5. Before Energizing
    6. Monitoring the Power System
    7. Resolving Voltage Drop
    8. Feeder Cable
    9. Single-Pole Connectors
    10. Neutral Conductor Sizing
    11. Portable Power Distribution Systems
    12. Branch Circuits or Final Circuits
    13. Breakouts and Spiders
    14. Device Connectors
      1. Stage Pin Connectors
      2. NEMA Connectors
      3. PowerCon
      4. 15-Amp Plugs
      5. CEE-Form Connectors
      6. IEC Connectors
      7. Schuko Connectors
      8. Australian Connectors
    15. Understanding Best Practices, Codes, and Regulations
  21. Appendix 1 A (Very) Short History of Portable Power Distribution
  22. Appendix 2 Color Codes
  23. Appendix 3 IP Ratings and NEMA Ratings
  24. Appendix 4 Useful Formulas
  25. Appendix 5 Conversion Factors
  26. Appendix 6 Energy Conversion Factors
  27. Appendix 7 Scientifi c, Exponential, and Engineering Notation
  28. Appendix 8 Calculating Root Mean Square
  29. Appendix 9 Answers to Practice Problems
  30. Appendix 10 Worldwide Voltages and Frequencies
  31. References
  32. Index