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Electrical Engineering: Know It All

Book Description

The Newnes Know It All Series takes the best of what our authors have written to create hard-working desk references that will be an engineer's first port of call for key information, design techniques and rules of thumb. Guaranteed not to gather dust on a shelf!

Electrical engineers need to master a wide area of topics to excel. The Electrical Engineering Know It All covers every angle including Real-World Signals and Systems, Electromagnetics, and Power systems.

• A 360-degree view from our best-selling authors
• Topics include digital, analog, and power electronics, and electric circuits
• The ultimate hard-working desk reference; all the essential information, techniques and tricks of the trade in one volume

Table of Contents

  1. Brief Table of Contents
  2. Table of Contents
  3. Copyright Page
  4. About the Authors
  5. Chapter 1. An Introduction to Electric Circuits
    1. 1.1. SI Units
    2. 1.2. Charge
    3. 1.3. Force
    4. 1.4. Work
    5. 1.5. Power
    6. 1.6. Electrical Potential and e.m.f.
    7. 1.7. Resistance and Conductance
    8. 1.8. Electrical Power and Energy
    9. 1.9. Summary of Terms, Units and Their Symbols
    10. 1.10. Standard Symbols for Electrical Components
    11. 1.11. Electric Current and Quantity of Electricity
    12. 1.12. Potential Difference and Resistance
    13. 1.13. Basic Electrical Measuring Instruments
    14. 1.14. Linear and Nonlinear Devices
    15. 1.15. Ohm's Law
    16. 1.16. Multiples and Submultiples
    17. 1.17. Conductors and Insulators
    18. 1.18. Electrical Power and Energy
    19. Electrical Energy
    20. 1.19. Main effects of electric current
  6. Chapter 2. Resistance and Resistivity
    1. 2.1. Resistance and Resistivity
    2. 2.2. Temperature Coefficient of Resistance
  7. Chapter 3. Series and Parallel Networks
    1. 3.1. Series Circuits
    2. 3.2. Potential Divider
    3. 3.3. Parallel Networks
    4. 3.4. Current Division
    5. 3.5. Relative and Absolute Voltages
  8. Chapter 4. Capacitors and Inductors
    1. 4.1. Introduction to Capacitors
    2. 4.2. Electrostatic Field
    3. 4.3. Electric Field Strength
    4. 4.4. Capacitance
    5. 4.5. Capacitors
    6. 4.6. Electric Flux Density
    7. 4.7. Permittivity
    8. 4.8. The Parallel Plate Capacitor
    9. 4.9. Capacitors Connected in Parallel and Series
    10. 4.10. Dielectric Strength
    11. 4.11. Energy Stored
    12. 4.12. Practical Types of Capacitors
    13. 4.13. Inductance
    14. 4.14. Inductors
    15. 4.15. Energy Stored
  9. Chapter 5. DC Circuit Theory
    1. 5.1. Introduction
    2. 5.2. Kirchhoff's Laws
    3. 5.3. The superposition Theorem
    4. 5.4. General DC Circuit Theory
    5. 5.5. Thévenin's Theorem
    6. 5.6. Constant-Current Source
    7. 5.7. Norton's Theorem
    8. 5.8. Thévenin and Norton Equivalent Networks
    9. 5.9. Maximum Power Transfer Theorem
  10. Chapter 6. Alternating Voltages and Currents
    1. 6.1. The AC Generator
    2. 6.2. Waveforms
    3. 6.3. AC Values
    4. 6.4. The Equation of a Sinusoidal Waveform
    5. 6.5. Combination of Waveforms
    6. 6.6. Rectification
  11. Chapter 7. Complex Numbers
    1. 7.1. Introduction
    2. 7.2. Operations Involving Cartesian Complex Numbers
    3. 7.3. Complex Equations
    4. 7.4. The Polar Form of a Complex Number
    5. 7.5. Applying Complex Numbers to Series AC Circuits
    6. 7.6. Applying Complex Numbers to Parallel AC Circuits
    7. Parallel AC Networks
  12. Chapter 8. Transients and Laplace Transforms
    1. 8.1. Introduction
    2. 8.2. Response of R-C Series Circuit to a Step Input
    3. 8.3. Response of R-L Series Circuit to a Step Input
    4. 8.4. L-R-C Series Circuit Response
    5. 8.5. Introduction to Laplace Transforms
    6. 8.6. Inverse Laplace Transforms and the Solution of Differential Equations
  13. Chapter 9. Frequency Domain Circuit Analysis
    1. 9.1. Introduction
    2. 9.2. Sinusoidal AC Electrical Analysis
    3. I-V Characteristics for Passive Elements
    4. Phasor Analysis
    5. The Generalized Impedance
    6. The Rotating and the Stationary Phasor
    7. Series and parallel connection of complex impedances
    8. Thévenin and Norton Theorems
    9. Maximum Power Transfer
    10. 9.3. Generalized Frequency Domain Analysis
    11. Normalized Power
    12. Parseval's Power Theorem
    13. Time Delay
    14. 9.3.4. Linear Distortion
    15. Rayleigh's Energy Theorem
    16. Transfer Function and Impulse Response
    17. The Convolution Operation
    18. References
  14. Chapter 10. Digital Electronics
    1. 10.1. Semiconductors
    2. 10.3. Bipolar Junction Transistors
    3. 10.4. Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors
    4. 10.5. The Transistor as a Switch
    5. 10.6. Gallium Arsenide Semiconductors
    6. 10.7. Light-Emitting Diodes
    7. 10.8. BUF and NOT Functions
    8. 10.9. AND, OR, and XOR Functions
    9. 10.10. NAND, NOR, and XNOR Functions
    10. 10.11. Not a Lot
    11. 10.12. Functions Versus Gates
    12. 10.13. Not and BUF Gates
    13. 10.14. Nand and AND Gates
    14. 10.15. NOR and OR Gates
    15. 10.16. XNOR and XOR Gates
    16. 10.17. Pass-Transistor Logic
    17. 10.17.1. Boolean Algebra
    18. 10.18. Combining a Single Variable With Logic 0 or Logic 1
    19. 10.19. The Idempotent Rules
    20. 10.20. The Complementary Rules
    21. 10.21. The Involution Rules
    22. 10.22. The Commutative Rules
    23. 10.23. The Associative Rules
    24. 10.24. Precedence of Operators
    25. 10.25. The First Distributive Rule
    26. 10.26. The Second Distributive Rule
    27. 10.27. The Simplification Rules
    28. 10.28. DeMorgan Transformations
    29. 10.29. Minterms and Maxterms
    30. 10.30. Sum-of-Products and Product-of-Sums
    31. 10.31. Canonical Forms
    32. 10.32. Karnaugh Maps
    33. 10.33. Minimization Using Karnaugh Maps
    34. 10.34. Grouping Minterms
    35. 10.35. Incompletely Specified Functions
    36. 10.36. Populating Maps Using 0s Versus 1s
    37. 10.37. Scalar Versus Vector Notation
    38. 10.38. Equality Comparators
    39. 10.39. Multiplexers
    40. 10.41. Tri-State Functions
    41. 10.42. Combinational Versus Sequential Functions
    42. 10.43. RS Latches
    43. 10.44. D-Type Latches
    44. 10.45. D-Type Flip-Flops
    45. 10.46. JK and T Flip-Flops
    46. 10.47. Shift Registers
    47. 10.48. Counters
    48. 10.49. Setup and Hold Times
    49. 10.50. Brick by Brick
    50. 10.51. State Diagrams
    51. 10.52. State Tables
    52. 10.53. State Machines
    53. 10.54. State Assignment
    54. 10.55. Don't Care States, Unused States, and Latch-Up Conditions
  15. Chapter 11. Analog Electronics
    1. 11.1. Operational Amplifiers Defined
    2. 11.2. Symbols and Connections
    3. 11.3. Operational Amplifier Parameters
    4. 11.4. Operational Amplifier Characteristics
    5. 11.5. Operational Amplifier Applications
    6. 11.6. Gain and Bandwidth
    7. 11.7. Inverting Amplifier With Feedback
    8. 11.8. Operational amplifier configurations
    9. 11.9. Operational Amplifier Circuits
    10. 11.10. The Ideal Op-Amp
    11. 11.11. The Practical Op-Amp
    12. 11.12. Comparators
    13. 11.13. Voltage References
  16. Chapter 12. Circuit Simulation
    1. 12.1. Types of Analysis
    2. 12.2. Netlists and Component Models
    3. 12.3. Logic Simulation
  17. Chapter 13. Interfacing
    1. 13.1. Mixing Analog and Digital
    2. 13.2. Generating Digital Levels From Analog Inputs
    3. 13.3. Classic Data Interface Standards
    4. 13.4. High Performance Data Interface Standards
  18. Chapter 14. Microcontrollers and Microprocessors
    1. 14.1. Microprocessor Systems
    2. 14.2. Single-Chip Microcomputers
    3. 14.3. Microcontrollers
    4. 14.4. PIC Microcontrollers
    5. 14.5. Programmed Logic Devices
    6. 14.6. Programmable Logic Controllers
    7. 14.7. Microprocessor Systems
    8. 14.8. Data Representation
    9. 14.9. Data Types
    10. 14.10. Data Storage
    11. 14.11. The Microprocessor
    12. 14.12. Microprocessor Operation
    13. 14.13. A Microcontroller System
    14. 14.14. Symbols Introduced in this Chapter
  19. Chapter 15. Power Electronics
    1. 15.1. Switchgear
    2. 15.3. Conductors
    3. 15.4. Capacitors
    4. 15.5. Resistors
    5. 15.6. Fuses
    6. 15.7. Supply Voltages
    7. 15.8. Enclosures
    8. 15.9. Hipot, Corona, and BIL
    9. 15.10. Spacings
    10. 15.11. Metal Oxide Varistors
    11. 15.12. Protective Relays
    12. 15.13. Symmetrical Components
    13. 15.14. Per Unit Constants
    14. 15.15. Circuit Simulation
    15. 15.15.1. Circuit Simulation Notes
    16. 15.16. Simulation Software
    17. 15.17. Feedback Control Systems
    18. 15.18. Power Supplies
  20. Chapter 16. Signals and Signal Processing
    1. 16.1. Origins of Real-World Signals and their Units of Measurement
    2. 16.2. Reasons for Processing Real-World Signals
    3. 16.3. Generation of Real-World Signals
    4. 16.4. Methods and Technologies Available for Processing Real-World Signals
    5. 16.5. Analog Versus Digital Signal Processing
    6. 16.6. A Practical Example
    7. Uncited References
  21. BibliographyReferences
  22. Chapter 17. Filter Design
    1. 17.1. Introduction
    2. 17.2. Passive Filters
    3. 17.3. Active Filters
    4. 17.4. First-Order Filters
    5. 17.5. Design of First-Order Filters
    6. 17.6. Second-Order Filters
    7. 17.7. Using the Transfer Function
    8. 17.8. Using Normalized Tables
    9. 17.9. Using Identical Components
    10. 17.10. Second-Order High-Pass Filters
    11. 17.11. Bandpass Filters
    12. 17.12. Switched Capacitor Filter
    13. 17.13. Monolithic Switched Capacitor Filter
    14. 17.14. The Notch Filter
    15. 17.15. Choosing Components for Filters
    16. 17.16. Testing Filter Response
    17. 17.17. Fast Fourier Transforms
    18. 17.18. Digital Filters
    19. References
  23. Chapter 18. Control and Instrumentation Systems
    1. 18.1. Introduction
    2. 18.2. Systems
    3. 18.3. Control Systems Models
    4. 18.4. Measurement Elements
    5. 18.5. Signal Processing
    6. 18.6. Correction Elements
    7. 18.7. Control Systems
    8. 18.8. System Models
    9. 18.9. Gain
    10. Gain of Systems in Series
    11. Feedback Loops
    12. The Feedback Amplifier
    13. 18.10. Dynamic Systems
    14. Rotational Systems
    15. Electrical Systems
    16. Thermal Systems
    17. Hydraulic Systems
    18. 18.11. Differential Equations
    19. 18.12. Transfer Function
    20. Transfer Function
    21. 18.13. System Transfer Functions
    22. Systems with Feedback
    23. 18.14. Sensitivity
    24. Sensitivity to Disturbances
    25. 18.15. Block Manipulation
    26. 18.16. Multiple Inputs
  24. Chapter 19. Communications Systems
    1. 19.1. Introduction
    2. 19.2. Analog Modulation Techniques
    3. Amplitude Modulation Techniques
    4. 19.3. The Balanced Modulator/Demodulator
    5. 19.4. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation
    6. Bandwidth and Carson's Rule
    7. 19.5. FM Modulators
    8. 19.6. FM Demodulators
    9. 19.7. Digital Modulation Techniques
    10. 19.8. Information Theory
    11. 19.9. Applications and Technologies
    12. Reference
  25. Chapter 20. Principles of Electromagnetics
    1. 20.1. The Need for Electromagnetics
    2. 20.2. The Electromagnetic Spectrum
    3. 20.3. Electrical Length
    4. 20.4. The Finite Speed of Light
    5. 20.5. Electronics
    6. 20.6. Analog and Digital Signals
    7. 20.7. RF Techniques
    8. 20.8. Microwave Techniques
    9. 20.9. Infrared and the Electronic Speed Limit
    10. 20.10. Visible Light and Beyond
    11. 20.11. Lasers and Photonics
    12. 20.12. Summary of General Principles
    13. 20.13. The Electric Force Field
    14. 20.14. Other Types of Fields
    15. 20.15. Voltage and Potential Energy
    16. 20.16. Charges in Metals
    17. 20.17. The Definition of Resistance
    18. 20.18. Electrons and Holes
    19. 20.19. Electrostatic Induction and Capacitance
    20. 20.20. Insulators (dielectrics)
    21. 20.21. Static Electricity and Lightning
    22. 20.22. The Battery Revisited
    23. 20.23. Electric Field Examples
    24. 20.24. Conductivity and Permittivity of Common Materials
    25. References
  26. Chapter 21. Magnetic Fields
    1. 21.1. Moving Charges: Source of All Magnetic Fields
    2. 21.2. Magnetic Dipoles
    3. 21.3. Effects of the Magnetic Field
    4. 21.4. The Vector Magnetic Potential and Potential Momentum
    5. 21.5. Magnetic Materials
    6. 21.6. Magnetism and Quantum Physics
    7. References
  27. Chapter 22. Electromagnetic Transients and EMI
    1. 22.1. Line Disturbances
    2. 22.2. Circuit Transients
    3. 22.3. Electromagnetic Interference
  28. Chapter 23. Traveling Wave Effects
    1. 23.1. Basics
    2. 23.2. Transient Effects
    3. 23.3. Mitigating Measures
  29. Chapter 24. Transformers
    1. 24.1. Voltage and Turns Ratio
  30. Chapter 25. Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
    1. 25.1. Introduction
    2. 25.2. Common Terms
    3. 25.3. The EMC Model
    4. 25.4. EMC Requirements
    5. 25.5. Product design
    6. 25.6. Device Selection
    7. 25.7. Printed Circuit Boards
    8. 25.8. Interfaces
    9. 25.9. Power Supplies and Power-Line Filters
    10. 25.10. Signal Line Filters
    11. 25.11. Enclosure Design
    12. 25.12. Interface Cable Connections
    13. 25.13. Golden Rules for Effective Design for EMC
    14. 25.14. System Design
    15. 25.15. Buildings
    16. 25.16. Conformity Assessment
    17. 25.17. EMC Testing and Measurements
    18. 25.18. Management Plans
    19. References
  31. Appendix A. General Reference
  32. Appendix B. .
    1. B.1. Differential Equations
  33. Index
    1. SYMBOL
    2. A
    3. B
    4. C
    5. D
    6. E
    7. F
    8. G
    9. H
    10. I
    11. J
    12. K
    13. L
    14. M
    15. N
    16. O
    17. P
    18. Q
    19. R
    20. S
    21. T
    22. U
    23. V
    24. W
    25. X