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e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning by Richard E. Mayer, Ruth C. Clark

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3.3. Some Ways to Use Graphics to Promote Learning

Helping you determine how to create the best types of graphics to meet your instructional goals requires a book topic in itself. In fact, just such a book is Graphics for Learning by Ruth Colvin Clark and Chopeta Lyons. Here we offer just a few examples of the ways to use graphics that serve instructional rather than decorative roles: to teach content types, as topic organizers, and as lesson interfaces.

3.3.1. Graphics to Teach Content Types

Clark (2007) has identified five different kinds of content: fact, concept, process, procedure, and principle. Table 3.2 briefly describes each content type and lists graphic types commonly used to teach specific lesson content such as facts, concepts, ...

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