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e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning by Richard E. Mayer, Ruth C. Clark

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4.1. Place Printed Words Near Corresponding Graphics

The first version of the contiguity principle involves the need to coordinate printed words and graphics. In this chapter, we focus on the idea that on-screen words should be placed near the parts of the on-screen graphics to which they refer. We recommend that corresponding graphics and printed words be placed near each other on the screen (that is, contiguous in space).

In designing or selecting e-learning courseware, consider how on-screen text is integrated with on-screen graphics. In particular, when printed words refer to parts of on-screen graphics, make sure the printed words are placed next to the part of a graphic to which they refer. For example, when the graphic is a diagram showing ...

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