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e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning by Richard E. Mayer, Ruth C. Clark

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14.7. Make Thinking Processes Explicit

In the BioWorld and the Accelerate Expertise programs, we saw that domain-specific or job-specific thinking processes were made salient. For example, in BioWorld, learners are required to identify, post, and prioritize relevant evidence to support their disease hypotheses. At the end of each case, they compare their evidence priorities with those of an expert. Likewise, in Accelerate Expertise, the learner must collect and evaluate evidence regarding the risk of a loan application. The learner can compare his or her evidence-gathering activities with those of an expert.

Effective problem-solving training must focus on the metacognitive thinking skills of the job. Most job training today concentrates on ...

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