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e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning by Richard E. Mayer, Ruth C. Clark

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13.2. Do Learners Make Good Instructional Decisions?

The extent to which learners make accurate determinations of their existing knowledge will influence the kinds of decisions they make in a highly learner-controlled environment. For example, if learners can accurately assess which topics they do and do not comprehend, they can make good selections about topics to study and how much time and effort to put into studying those topics. In short, they are capable of good achievement under conditions of learner control. We have two lines of evidence addressing this question: calibration accuracy and student lesson ratings.

13.2.1. Do You Know What You Think You Know? Calibration Accuracy

Suppose you have to take a test on basic statistics. Prior ...

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