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e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning by Richard E. Mayer, Ruth C. Clark

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Chapter 4. Applying The Contiguity Principle: Align Words To Corresponding Graphics

CHAPTER OUTLINE

Contiguity Principle 1: Place Printed Words Near Corresponding Graphics

Violations of Contiguity Principle 1

Separation of Text and Graphics on Scrolling Screens

Separation of Feedback from Questions or Responses

Covering Lesson Screens with Linked Windows

Presenting Exercise Directions Separate from the Exercise

Displaying Captions at the Bottom of Screens

Using a Legend to Indicate the Parts of a Graphic

Contiguity Principle 2: Synchronize Spoken Words with Corresponding Graphics

Violations of Contiguity Principle 2

Separation of Graphics and Narration Through Icons

Separation of Graphics and Narration in a Continuous Presentation

Psychological Reasons ...

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