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e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning by Richard E. Mayer, Ruth C. Clark

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11.6. Adapt the Amount and Placement of Practice to Job Performance Requirements

Practice exercises are expensive. First, they take time to design and to program. Even more costly will be the time learners invest in completing the practice. How much practice is necessary and where should the practice be placed? In this section we describe evidence that will help you determine the optimal amount and placement of practice in your e-learning environments.

11.6.1. The Benefits of Practice

Some e-learning courses in both synchronous and asynchronous formats include little or no opportunities for overt practice. In Chapters 1 and 2 we classified these types of courses as receptive. Can learning occur without practice? How much practice is needed? ...

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