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Down Syndrome by Todd T. Eckdahl

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CHAPTER 4

Future Prospects

Publicly and privately funded research is ongoing in clinics, hospitals, universities, medical institutes, and government laboratories throughout the world to better understand how extra copies of approximately 250 protein-encoding genes on chromosome 21 lead to Down syndrome. An important outcome of this research would be the discovery of new pharmaceutical treatments for Down syndrome, examples of which are described in this chapter. The chapter also presents research that might lead to stem cell treatments for Down syndrome, describes a process by which embryos produced in the clinical laboratory can be screened for aneuploidy before being used to establish a pregnancy, and explains gene therapy strategies that might ...

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