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Do-It-Yourself High Performance Car Mods: Rule the Streets by Matt Cramer

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Drivetrain Layout

Today, you can find cars with front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, or even all-wheel drive. Although most cars have the engine at the front, a few cars mount the engine behind the driver. When the engine sits behind the rear axle, this is known as rear-engined. Cars that have the engine behind the driver but ahead of or on top of the rear axle are known as mid-engined.

The most common cars on the market today are front-engined, front-wheel drive. The usual reasons for this are low cost, light weight, and fuel economy. With very little distance from the wheels to the engine, a front-wheel-drive car has less friction getting power to the wheels than a front-engined, rear-wheel-drive car. With the engine over the driving wheels, ...

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