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Distributed Intelligence in Design

Book Description

The book contains the papers developed from the presentations at the Distributed Intelligence in Design Symposium, held in Salford in May 2009. In this context, Distributed Intelligence refers to the interdisciplinary knowledge of a range of different individuals in different organisations, with different backgrounds and experience, and the symposium discussed the media, technologies and behaviours required to support their successful collaboration.

The book focusses on:

  • how parametric and generative design media can be coupled with and managed alongside Building Information Modelling tools and systems

  • how the cross-disciplinary knowledge is distributed and coordinated across different software, participants and organizations

  • the characteristics of the evolving creative and collaborative practices

  • how built environment education should be adapted to this digitally-networked practice and highly distributed intelligence in design

The chapters address a range of innovative developments, methodologies, applications, research work and theoretical arguments, to present current experience and expectations as collaborative practice becomes critical in the design of future built environments.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover page
  2. Contents
  3. Halftitle page
  4. Title page
  5. Copyright
  6. Note on editors
  7. Contributors
  8. Foreword
  9. Introduction: Distributed intelligence in design
  10. Part 1
    1. Chapter 1: Of sails and sieves and sticky tape Bryan Lawson
      1. Design as a cognitive task
      2. What is so different about design?
      3. New ways of communicating with computers
      4. Conversations with the situation
      5. A more positive approach
    2. Chapter 2: Distributed perspectives for intelligent conceptual design Volker Mueller
      1. Future design
      2. Facility performance in a vision framework
      3. Intelligent design team configuration
      4. Intelligent design tools
      5. Intelligent models
      6. Intelligently interoperable data
      7. The physical future of design intelligence
      8. Conclusion
    3. Chapter 3: Distributed intelligence or a simple coherent mental model? Chris J. K. Williams and Roly Hudson
      1. Models
      2. Innovation
      3. Theory
      4. Calculations and safety
      5. Physical models
      6. Other worlds
    4. Chapter 4: Sharing intelligence: The problem of knowledge atrophy Peter Brandon
      1. The act of design
      2. Complexity and wicked problems
      3. The interface problem
      4. Knowledge atrophy
      5. ‘Expert’ systems and the knowledge paradigm
      6. Integrated databases and objects
      7. Immersion: The social impact on design intelligence
      8. Tele-collaboration and immersive technologies
      9. Future expectations
      10. Conclusion
  11. Part 2
    1. Chapter 5: Pedagogical frameworks for emergent digital practices in architecture Brent Allpress
      1. Tri-polar scholarship
      2. Practice-based teaching by project
      3. Advanced technologies and emergent practices
      4. Practice-based research by project
      5. Co-rational practices
      6. Scripting practices
      7. Parametricism
      8. Anachronistic practices
      9. Non-standard pedagogy
    2. Chapter 6: Emergence and convergence of knowledge in building production: Knowledge-based design and digital manufacturing Eduardo Lyon
      1. The division between design and construction
      2. Production of space vs building production
      3. Design for manufacturing (DfM)
      4. Building production
      5. Knowledge-based design
      6. Conclusions
    3. Chapter 7: Artifact and affect: Open-ended strata of communication Matias del Campo and Sandra Manninger
      1. Perceptions and affect
      2. Rise of the molecular machine
      3. Affect of the plane of immanence
      4. Artifact, affect and works of art
      5. The relation to affect
    4. Chapter 8: Digital tools for creative hinges Sean Hanna
      1. Distributed intelligence in design
      2. Design is not just production
      3. The design process: An example
      4. Rationalisation and production
      5. Innovation and interpretation
      6. The current state of CAD and computation
      7. Future methods
  12. Part 3
    1. Chapter 9: The effects of integrated BIM in processes and business models Arto Kiviniemi
      1. Point of departure and main drivers for change
      2. Current problems in processes and business models
      3. Solutions to the existing problems
      4. Conclusions
    2. Chapter 10: Integrated building design for production management systems Rita Cristina Ferreira
      1. Research and development (R&D)
      2. The management system: Sistema π
      3. R&D results
      4. Software (system) development
      5. Final remarks
      6. Acknowledgements
      7. Trademarks
    3. Chapter 11: Flexibility, semantics and standards Robin Drogemuller and John H. Frazer
      1. Standards
      2. Design
      3. Distributed systems
      4. Intelligence
      5. Communication
      6. Standards versus flexibility
      7. Analysis of current software capabilities
      8. Including clients
      9. Conclusion
      10. Acknowledgements
    4. Chapter 12: Examples of distributed intelligence on large-scale building lifecycle projects Martin Riese
      1. Introduction
      2. Virtualisation in design and construction
      3. A brief description of the virtual building lifecycle information management process
      4. Example projects using virtual pre-coordination and distributed intelligence
      5. An outline of basic functions of the new technologies and working practices
      6. The emerging integrated digital design process
      7. Conclusions and discussion
      8. Acknowledgements
  13. Part 4
    1. Chapter 13: Rapid practice expansion through strategic design computation Cristiano Ceccato
      1. The context of contemporary global architectural practice
      2. Geometry and technology
      3. Early design phases and design exploration
      4. Parametric design language
      5. Design and computation research
      6. Design execution and integrated digital building delivery
      7. Design execution and integrated digital building delivery
      8. An initial 3-D coordination project
      9. Digital form definition and mock-up construction
      10. Intercontinental building integration
      11. Ongoing development and knowledge capture
    2. Chapter 14: Algorithmic modelling, parametric thinking Neil Katz
      1. Developing software tools for architects
      2. SOM project work
      3. Concluding remarks
      4. Acknowledgements
    3. Chapter 15: Interview with the Specialist Modelling Group (SMG): The dynamic coordination of distributed intelligence at Foster and Partners Hugh Whitehead, Xavier de Kestelier, Irene Gallou and Tuba Kocatürk
      1. The interview
    4. Chapter 16: Interview with Lars Hesselgren, Director PLP Research Lars Hesselgren and Benachir Medjdoub
      1. The interview
    5. Chapter 17: Geometry, topology, materiality: The structural parameters in a collaborative design approach Manfred Grohmann and Oliver Tessmann
      1. The geometry
      2. The topology
      3. The materiality
  14. Index