## With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

No credit card required

# Chapter 12ASSOCIATION RULES

## 12.1 Affinity Analysis and Market Basket Analysis

Affinity analysis is the study of attributes or characteristics that “go together.” Methods for affinity analysis, also known as market basket analysis, seek to uncover associations among these attributes; that is, it seeks to uncover rules for quantifying the relationship between two or more attributes. Association rules take the form “If antecedent, then consequent,” along with a measure of the support and confidence associated with the rule. For example, a particular supermarket may find that of the 1000 customers shopping on a Thursday night, 200 bought diapers, and of the 200 who bought diapers, 50 bought beer. Thus, the association rule would be: “If buy diapers, then buy beer,” with a support of 50/1000 = 5% and a confidence of 50/200 = 25%.