You are previewing Digital SLR Pro Secrets.
O'Reilly logo
Digital SLR Pro Secrets

Book Description

Some amazing things have happened to the digital photography world in the past year. Kodak is getting out of the film camera business and suspending research on new film products. Sales of digital cameras have exceeded sales of film cameras of all types for the first time ever. And, finally, affordable digital single lens reflex (DSLR) cameras priced at less than $1000 have been introduced by Canon, Nikon, Pentax, and Minolta. Serious photographers spent years on the wrong side of a tantalizing barrier that separated them from their dream DSLR cameras that were priced at $1500 to $5000 or more. Now, every serious amateur, photo hobbyist, and part-time professional can easily afford a fully-featured interchangeable lens digital camera. Anyone who wants the most versatility and sophisticated, yet easy-to-use capabilities of the DSLR will be flocking to digital imaging at a feverish pace. These buyers -- some of them new to digital photography, and some not -- will be looking for books that tell them how to use their new digital equipment in creative ways.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. About the Author
  4. Contributor Bio
  5. Preface
  6. Introduction
    1. Why dSLRs Need Coverage
    2. Why This Book?
    3. Who Am I?
    4. Chapter Outline
  7. 1. Pro Secrets for Raising the Bar on Quality
    1. Technical Quality Busters
    2. Understanding Image Sharpness
      1. What’s Sharpness, Anyway?
        1. Resolution
        2. Acutance
    3. Optimizing Sharpness
      1. Lens Sharpness
      2. Choosing the Right Aperture for Sharpness
      3. Shutter Speed
      4. Fixing Camera Motion Blur
        1. Changing Shooting Habits
        2. Countering Mirror Bounce
        3. Higher Shutter Speeds
        4. Image Stabilization
    4. Getting Some Support
      1. Your Support Options
        1. Traditional All-in-One Tripod
        2. Modular Tripods
        3. Tripod Heads
        4. Monopods
        5. Tripod Alternatives
    5. Focus on Focus
      1. Focus Challenges for dSLR Users
      2. What’s in Focus, and What’s Not
      3. Autofocus Basics
        1. Autofocus Sensors
        2. Autofocus Evaluation
        3. Lens Autofocus Speed
      4. Choosing Autofocus Modes and Parameters
        1. Continuous Autofocus
        2. Single Autofocus
        3. Automatic Autofocus
        4. Single Focus Area
        5. Dynamic Focus Area
        6. Focus Pattern
        7. User Selected Focus Area
        8. Nearest Subject
        9. Electronic Rangefinder
        10. Focus Lock
        11. Focus Override
        12. Macro Lock/Lockout
        13. Autofocus Assist Lamp
    6. Tonal Rendition
      1. Enter the Histogram
    7. Noise and ISO Settings
    8. Next Up
  8. 2. Using Telephoto Lenses Like a Pro
    1. Lenses and Focal Lengths
    2. Telephotos and Long Lenses
    3. Choosing a Telephoto Lens
      1. Image Quality
      2. Lens Aperture Range
        1. Maximum Aperture
        2. Constant Aperture
        3. Minimum Aperture
      3. Zoom or Prime?
      4. Autofocus Accuracy, Speed, and Distance
      5. Build Quality
    4. Add-ons for Your Telephoto Lens
      1. Lens Hoods
      2. Extending Your Telephoto’s Range
    5. Using Telephoto Lenses Creatively
      1. Compressing Distances
      2. Producing Images of Isolation
      3. Getting Close to Sports Action
      4. Getting Close to Nature
      5. Taking the Stage
      6. Macro Photography
    6. Next Up
  9. 3. Pro Wide-Angle Lens Tips
    1. Telephotos versus Wide Angles
    2. How Wide Angles Work
    3. Optical Problems
      1. Chromatic Aberration Again
      2. Barrel Distortion
      3. Angle on Wide Angles
      4. Internal Reflections
    4. Rectilinear versus Intentional Distortion
    5. Choosing a Wide-Angle Lens
    6. Add-ons for Your Telephoto Lens
      1. Up Front
      2. Behind the Scenes
    7. Working with Wide Angles
      1. Minimizing Barrel Distortion
      2. Using Size Distortion
      3. Emphasizing the Foreground
      4. Working with Perspective Distortion
      5. Using Depth-of-Field
      6. Wide Angles and Flash
      7. Wide-Angle Tips
        1. Go Abstract
        2. Go Vertical
        3. Don’t Point the Camera at the Sun
        4. Point the Camera at the Sun
        5. Use Wide Angles for People Pictures
        6. Wide Angles Are Good Underwater
    8. Next Up
  10. 4. Advanced Infrared Photography
    1. What’s Infrared Photography?
      1. The Eyes Have It
      2. How Sensors Perceive Color
      3. Characteristics of Infrared Photography
    2. Technical Requirements for Infrared Photography
      1. What Can You Photograph?
      2. What Kind of Light Do You Need?
      3. Is Your Camera IR Capable?
      4. Desperate Measures
      5. Obtaining an IR Filter
        1. Standard Filter Size
        2. Gelatin Filters and Custom Filter Holders
        3. Make Your Own Filter
    3. Taking Your First Infrared Photo
      1. Set White Balance
      2. Mount the Camera on a Tripod, Compose, and Focus
      3. Set Exposure, Mount the IR Filter, and Shoot
    4. Infrared Post Processing
    5. Next Up
  11. 5. Close-Up, Macro, and Product Photography
    1. Elements of Close-Up and Macro Photography
      1. Magnification
      2. Perspective
      3. Depth-of-Field
    2. Equipment Required
      1. Your Macro dSLR
        1. Viewfinder
        2. Depth-of-Field Preview
        3. Mirror Pre-Release
        4. Interchangeable Focus Screens
        5. In-Camera Image Stabilization
    3. Lenses for Macro and Product Photography
      1. Using Your Existing Lenses
      2. Using Special Macro Lenses
    4. Close Focus Gadgetry
      1. Close-up Lenses
      2. Extension Tubes
      3. Bellows
      4. Other Useful Gadgets
        1. Focusing Rail
        2. Reversing Rings
        3. Bellows Lenses
        4. Backgrounds
    5. Lighting Equipment
      1. Flash Light
      2. Flashlights
    6. Practical Close-Up and Product Photography
      1. The Chessboard
      2. Ode to a Glass
      3. Outdoors, with Glass
      4. It’s a Jungle out There
      5. Making Your Own Subject Matter
      6. Part of the Whole
    7. Next Up
  12. 6. Pro Lighting and Studio Techniques
    1. Vive Les Différences!
      1. Your Studio Camera
    2. Studio Set Up
      1. Deep Background
        1. Seamless Paper
        2. Textured Backdrops
        3. Painted Backdrops
        4. Background Support
      2. Lighting Equipment
        1. Incandescent Lights
        2. Electronic Flash
      3. Types of Electronic Flash
        1. Basic Flash
        2. Studio Flash
        3. Monolights
      4. Flash Accessories
        1. Reflectors and Umbrellas
        2. Soft Boxes
        3. Slave Units
        4. Light Stands
        5. Snoots and Barn Doors
    3. Studio Lighting Basics
      1. Balance of Light
        1. Working with Ratios
    4. Working with Multiple Light Sources
      1. Main Light
      2. Fill Light
      3. Hair Light
      4. Background Light
    5. Common Lighting Techniques
      1. Short Lighting
      2. Broad Lighting
      3. Butterfly Lighting
      4. Rembrandt Lighting
      5. Side Lighting
      6. Backlighting
    6. Next Up
  13. 7. More Build-It-Yourself Gadgets and Tricks
    1. No Camera Left Behind
    2. Reversing Ring on the Cheap
      1. Pinhole Camera
    3. The Amazing Multi-Color Shutter
      1. Three Discrete Exposures
      2. Making and Using the Harris Shutter
      3. Digital Harris Shutter
    4. Soft Lights Are Your Friends
      1. Milk Bottle Soft Light
      2. Milk Bottle Tent
    5. Clean Your Sensor
      1. Identifying and Dealing with Dust
      2. Avoiding Dust
      3. Removing Unsightly Dust
      4. Sensor Cleaning
        1. First Things First
        2. Air Cleaning
        3. Brush Cleaning
        4. Liquid Cleaning
        5. Tape Cleaning
      5. Making Your Own Tools
      6. Rocket Blower
      7. Sensor Brush
      8. Sensor Swab
        1. Swab Base
        2. Swab Material
        3. Cleaning Liquid
    6. Next Up
  14. Glossary