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Digital Restoration from Start to Finish, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Digital Restoration: Start to Finish 2nd edition guides you step-by-step through the entire process of restoring old photographs and repairing new ones using Adobe Photoshop, plug-ins, Picture Window, and now Elements. Nothing is left out, from choosing the right hardware and software and getting the photographs into the computer, to getting the finished photo out of the computer and preserving it for posterity.

With this book you will learn how to:

? scan faded and damaged prints and films
? improve snapshots with the Shadow/Highlight adjustment
? correct uneven exposure and do dodging and burning-in with Curves adjustment layers
? scan and recover nearly blank photograph
? fix color with Curves and Hue/Saturation adjustment layers
? fix skin tones with airbrush layers
? hand-tint a photograph easily with masked layers
? fix color with plug-ins
? clean up dust and scratches
? repair small and large cracks with masks and filter
? eliminate tarnish and silvered-out spots from a photograph
? minimize unwanted print surface textures
? erase mildew spots
? eliminate the dots from newspaper photographs
? increase sharpness and fine detail in a photograph
* NEW Workflow Diagram
* NEW Photoshop Elements and plug ins

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Halftitle
  3. Title
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Contents
  7. Preface
  8. Introduction
    1. Why Restore Digitally?
    2. About This Book
    3. About Other Books
    4. Keeping in Touch
    5. Acknowledgments
    6. About the Author
  9. Quick Diagnosis Guide to Restoration
  10. 1. The Big Picture
    1. Who Are You, and Whose Expectations Matter?
    2. Who Are You Trying to Make Happy?
    3. Are You Trying to Recreate an Historically Accurate Photograph?
    4. How Important Is the Photograph, and How Much Scrutiny Might It Be Subject To?
    5. How Big Will the Restoration Be?
    6. The Art (and Craft) of Restoration
    7. Restoring Tone
    8. Restoring Color
    9. Fine-Detail Repairs and Cleanup
    10. Major Damage Repairs
    11. Repairing Uneven Damage
    12. Fooling Around
    13. A Modest Taxonomy of Restoration
    14. Prints
    15. Slides
    16. Negatives
    17. Newspaper Clippings
    18. Take Your Time
  11. 2. Hardware for Restoration Work
    1. The Computer
    2. Memory
    3. Hard Drives
    4. Monitor
    5. Tablets
    6. Color Management and ColorMunki
    7. Backup and Long-Term Storage
    8. Scanners
    9. Printers
  12. 3. Software for Restoration
    1. Working Around Photoshop
    2. Photoshop CS4
    3. Photoshop Performance Enhancement
    4. All About Memory
    5. Photoshop Elements 6 (Mac), 7 (Win)
    6. Picture Window Pro v5
    7. Plug-Ins
    8. ContrastMaster
    9. PhotoLift $40;
    10. Fluid Mask 3 $149;
    11. Noise Reduction
    12. Noiseware Professional Bundle $69.95–79.95;
    13. Noise Ninja Pro $79.95;
    14. Polaroid Dust & Scratches Removal
    15. FocusFixer v2 $99.95;
    16. Focus Magic
    17. PhotoTune 2 $159.95;
    18. AKVIS Coloriage
  13. 4. Getting the Photo into the Computer
    1. Introduction
    2. Preparation and Cleaning
    3. Scanning Prints: Maximize Your Information by Getting the Tones Right
    4. Is 16-Bit Mode Really Necessary?
    5. Pulling in the Color
    6. Scanning Halftones
    7. How to Scan B&W Film and Glass Plates
    8. Scanning Color Film
    9. Resolution Decisions
    10. Rephotography
  14. 5. Restoring Tone
    1. What Makes a Good Print?
    2. Curves
    3. The Shadow/Highlight Adjustment
    4. How to Improve a Copy Print
    5. How to Correct Uneven Exposure
    6. How to Repair Uneven Density: Dodge and Burn with Masked Adjustment Layers
    7. Soft-Light Dodging and Burning-in Layers
    8. Enhancing Almost-Blank Photos
    9. Making Extreme Tone Changes Without Distorting Colors
    10. Fixing Harsh Shadows on Faces
  15. 6. Restoring Color
    1. What Makes a Good Print?
    2. Getting the Color Right (Semi-)Automatically
    3. Color Correcting in Layers
    4. Getting Better Skin Tones
    5. The Layered Approach
    6. The Airbrushed Layers Approach
    7. Correcting Skin Tones with Color Airbrushing
    8. Hand-Tinting Photographs
    9. Using Masked Layers to Hand-Tint Photographs
    10. Hand-Tinting with Coloriage
    11. Fixing Chromatic Aberration with Picture Window
    12. Fixing Color Stains and Development Marks
  16. 7. Making Masks
    1. Why Mask?
    2. Many Ways to the Same Goal
    3. Isolating Cracks
    4. Making Masks from Colors
    5. Exaggerating Color to Select Tarnish
    6. Exaggerating Color to Select Scratches
    7. Exaggerating Color for Hand-Tinting Masks
    8. Five Ways to Mask Cellophane Tape Damage
  17. 8. Damage Control
    1. Introduction
    2. Simple Spotting
    3. Polishing out the Scratches
    4. Finding Scratches with the Find Edges Filter
    5. Minimizing Scratches with Noise Reduction and Layer Blends
    6. Minimizing Scratches with Masks and Curves
    7. Enhancing Color to Attack Scratches
    8. Filling in the Cracks
    9. Removing Fine Cracks with a Mask and Median Filtering
    10. Removing Fine Cracks in Stages with Repeated Median Filtering
    11. Whittling away at Wide Cracks
    12. Paving over Tears and Holes
    13. Using the Spot Healing Brush
    14. Clearing the Debris
    15. Eliminating Tarnish
    16. Picking the Right Color for B&W
    17. Dealing with Textured Prints
    18. Repairing Mildew
  18. 9. Tips, Tricks, and Enhancements
    1. Introduction
    2. Save Time by Using Your Keyboard and Mouse
    3. Capturing a Long Density Range in a Scan by Stacking Images
    4. Descreening a Halftone
    5. Getting the Most Detail out of Your Photograph
    6. What Do You Do with a Tintype?
    7. Stitching Scans Together
    8. Improving the Original
  19. 10. Beautification
    1. Introduction
    2. Viewing Your Restorations at Arm’s Length
    3. Improving Tonality and Making the Photo More Lively
    4. Unsharp Masking
    5. ContrastMaster
    6. Detexturing the Photo
    7. Dust & Scratches Filter
    8. Sharpen and Smooth … or Vice Versa
  20. 11. Examples
    1. Introduction
    2. Example 1: Repairing an Old Glass Plate
    3. Example 2: Repairing Color with a Good Scan
    4. Example 3: Mother and Child—A “Legacy” Restoration Job
    5. Example 4: A Faded E-1 Slide
    6. Example 5: Reassembling an Astronomical Glass Plate
    7. Example 6: A Rare and Historic Old Polaroid
    8. Example 7: Fixing a Photocopied Halftone
    9. Example 8: Restoring an Almost-Blank Photo
    10. Example 9: Restoring a Very Old and Large Print
    11. Example 10: Restoring a Very Yellowed B&W Snapshot
    12. Example 11: Restoring Faded Color Snapshots
  21. 12. Printing Tips
    1. What’s the Right Printer?
    2. Choosing Your Print Media for Permanence
    3. Profiling the Printer
    4. Cathy’s Profiles
    5. ColorMunki
    6. Toning the B&W Print
    7. Display and Storage Conditions for Maximum Print Longevity
  22. 13. Archiving and Permanence
    1. The Special Needs of Digital Storage
    2. In a Material World
    3. Picking up the Pieces
    4. It’s Just a Matter of Time
    5. All Storage Is Not Created Equal
    6. Can You Hear Me Now?
    7. Babel Fish
    8. Final Words
  23. Index
  24. How-To’s
    1. Chapter 4: Getting the Photo into the Computer
      1. How to unmount a slide
      2. How to scan a faded B&W print
      3. How to scan a dark B&W print
      4. How to convert an RGB scan to grayscale
      5. How to improve color with a good scan
      6. How to scan a magazine or newspaper illustration
      7. How to inspect very dark parts of a scan
      8. How to scan color negatives
      9. How to determine what resolution to scan at
      10. How to photograph tarnished or textured prints
    2. Chapter 5: Restoring Tone
      1. How to evaluate contrast with a histogram
      2. How to change overall brightness and contrast with Curves
      3. How to use sample points with Curves
      4. How to change black and white points and avoid clipping with Curves
      5. How to make a print look more brilliant and snappy by adding contrast to midtones with Curves
      6. How to lighten or darken a print with Curves
      7. How to bring out shadow tones with Curves
      8. How to improve snapshots with the Shadow/Highlight adjustment
      9. How to improve a copy print with the Shadow/Highlight adjustment
      10. How to improve a copy print with ContrastMaster
      11. How to correct uneven exposure with a Curves adjustment layer
      12. How to do dodging and burning in with masked Curves adjustment layers
      13. How to improve contrast and highlight detail with a masked Curves adjustment layer
      14. How to dodge and burn with a soft-light layer
      15. How to recover a nearly blank photograph with Multiply blends
      16. How to improve contrast without making colors too saturated
      17. How to fix harsh shadows on faces
      18. How to use the History Brush as a dodging tool
      19. How to retouch faces with a masked Curves adjustment layer
    3. Chapter 6: Restoring Color
      1. How to make a scan that produces good color
      2. How to correct color with the midtone eyedropper
      3. How to correct color with Picture Window Color Balance
      4. How to correct color using Auto Color options
      5. How to use layers to correct color separately from luminosity
      6. How to improve color with Curves and Vibrance or Hue/Saturation adjustment layers
      7. How to make skin tones smoother with Curves adjustment layers
      8. How to retouch skin tones with an airbrush layer
      9. How to refine skin tones with a Hue/Saturation adjustment layer
      10. How to refine skin tones with SkinTune 2
      11. How to fix a faded school portrait with airbrush layers
      12. How to create neutral tones with a Hue/Saturation layer
      13. How to hand-tint a photograph with masked layers
      14. How to hand-tint a photograph with AKVIS Coloriage
      15. How to remove color fringes from a photograph
      16. How to improve color with Color Mechanic
    4. Chapter 7: Making Masks
      1. How to eliminate tarnish from a photograph
      2. How to make a mask by selecting cracks with the Find Edges filter
      3. How to select cracks with the Picture Window Edge tool
      4. How to enhance cracks for selection
      5. How to select cracks with the help of a noise reduction program
      6. How to select tarnished parts of a photograph
      7. How to use Channel Mixer to emphasize damage for masks
      8. How to select damage by color with Image Calculations
      9. How to select cellophane tape damage by color range
      10. How to use Mask Pro to select cellophane tape damage
      11. How to create a damage selection mask from a single color channel
    5. Chapter 8: Damage Control
      1. How to clean up dust and scratches from a scan with the History Brush
      2. How to clean up dust and scratches from a scan with masked layers
      3. How to repair a badly scratched slide
      4. How to minimize scratches using noise reduction and blended layers
      5. How to minimize scratches in a print with Curves
      6. How to minimize scratches in a print with multiple Curves adjustment layers
      7. How to minimize scratches with color channels and channel mixing
      8. How to fill in cracks in a print with a mask
      9. How to repair cracks in stages with Median filtering
      10. How to repair large cracks with repeated masking and filtering
      11. How to remove chemical and water spots
      12. How to eliminate tarnish and silvered-out spots
      13. How to minimize tape stains
      14. How to remove print surface textures using Neat Image
      15. How to remove print surface textures using Picture Window
      16. How to erase mildew spots using the History Brush
      17. How to erase mildew spots using masked layers and Smart Filters
    6. Chapter 9: Tips, Tricks, and Enhancements
      1. How to scan very contrasty photographs with Picture Window
      2. How to eliminate the dots from newspaper photographs
      3. How to increase sharpness and fine detail in a photograph
      4. How to make a photograph look like a tintype
      5. How to combine scans to make one large photograph
    7. Chapter 10: Beautification
      1. How to create a merged “finished restoration” layer
      2. How to improve tonality with Unsharp Masking
      3. How to use Dust & Scratches to shave off the worst noise