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Digital Performer™ 6 Power!: The Comprehensive Guide

Book Description

Digital Performer is one of the leading digital audio workstation programs for the Mac. It allows you to sequence MIDI, record multiple channels of audio, mix them down, synch them to video, and utilize plug-in software synthesizers and software studios. Digital Performer 6 Power!: The Comprehensive Guide provides a versatile guide to setting up and using the newest version of MOTU's Digital Performer 6 audio/MIDI sequencing, editing, and recording software. The book's approach is one that will simplify and demystify the technical aspects of setting up and using Digital Performer 6, while also supplying useful engineering tips and shortcuts to help you get the most out of the program. Chapters and sections progress naturally through the music production process, from navigating the interface, setting up projects, and recording, to working with MIDI, editing, arranging, mixing, mastering, handling music notation, and scoring to picture. This setup allows new users to work through the book from start to finish and learn Digital Performer quickly, while intermediate and advanced users can flip to specific areas of interest to learn new tricks and increase their mastery. Regardless of your skill level, this is the only guide to Digital Performer you will ever need to take your music to the next level.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. About the Author
  4. Introduction
    1. How to Use This Book
    2. How This Book Is Organized
    3. What’s Not in This Book
    4. Keeping It Current
  5. 1. About Digital Performer and Your Mac
    1. What Is a DAW?
      1. Nonlinear Editing
      2. Host- and Non-Host-Based Systems
      3. Expansion Cards
      4. MIDI Interfaces
      5. Audio Interfaces
    2. Digital Performer 6 Requirements
    3. The Mac and Your DP System
      1. Hard Drives
      2. Disk Maintenance
        1. Repair Disk
        2. Repair Disk Permissions
      3. SuperDrives
    4. Summary
  6. 2. Setting Up Digital Performer 6
    1. Installing Digital Performer 6
      1. Installing Audio Hardware Drivers
      2. Installing Core MIDI Drivers
      3. Loading Digital Performer 6 on Your System
      4. Installing Third-Party Plug-Ins
    2. Launching Digital Performer for the First Time
    3. Audio Configuration
      1. Audio System: Choosing MAS, DAE, or MIDI Only
      2. The Configure Hardware Driver Window
        1. The Hardware Driver List
        2. Master Device
        3. Sample Rate
        4. Clock Modes
        5. Buffer Size
        6. Host Buffer Multiplier
        7. Work Priority
      3. The Configure Studio Settings Window
        1. Stereo Busses
        2. Prime Seconds
        3. Work Quanta
        4. Max Work Percent
        5. Automatic Plug-In Latency Compensation
        6. Pre-Fill File Buffers for Quick Start
      4. The Input Monitoring Mode Window
        1. Monitoring Thru Effects versus Direct Hardware Playthrough
      5. The Bundles Window
        1. What Are Bundles?
        2. Rerouting Input, Output, and Bussing Assignments for Audio and Virtual Instrument Bundles
    4. MIDI Configuration
      1. The Audio MIDI Setup Utility (AMS)
        1. Configuring Your MIDI Devices
    5. Synchronization
      1. Syncing DP
    6. Summary
  7. 3. Navigating Digital Performer 6
    1. The Consolidated Window
    2. Control Panel
      1. Transport
      2. Counter
      3. Status Strip with Tempo Control
        1. Audio Settings
        2. Routine Transport Buttons
    3. Tracks Window
      1. Information Bar
        1. The Set To Menu Shortcuts
      2. Tracks List
        1. Sequence and Marker Menus
        2. Track Columns
      3. The Tracks Overview Section
        1. MIDI and Audio Data
        2. Time Rulers and Grids
    4. The Sequence Editor
      1. Sequence Editor Mini-Menu
      2. Track Settings Panel
      3. Graphic Editing
      4. Grids, Time Rulers, and Zooming
        1. Edit Grid, Beat Grid, and Snap to Markers
        2. Time Ruler
        3. Zoom Buttons
        4. Track Selector
    5. The Mixing Board
      1. Window Target Menu and Mini-Menu
      2. Track Strips
    6. Soundbites Window
      1. The Soundbites Mini-Menu
      2. List
        1. List Columns
        2. The View By Menu
      3. The Sound File Information Window
        1. The Sound File Information Pane
        2. The Soundbite Information Pane
        3. The Audio Loop Information Pane
    7. Summary
  8. 4. Setting Up a New Project
    1. Project Basics
    2. The Default Workspace
    3. Setting the Sample Rate
    4. Tracks in Digital Performer
      1. Deleting Tracks
      2. Adding Tracks
      3. Renaming Tracks
      4. Moving Tracks
    5. Track Folders
    6. Audio Tracks and Internal Busses
    7. Input and Output Assignments for Audio and Aux Tracks
      1. Audio and Aux Track I/O
      2. MIDI Track I/O
      3. Monitoring External MIDI Devices
      4. Monitoring MAS/AU Instruments
      5. Monitoring ReWire Instruments
    8. Tempo and Meter
      1. Setting the Tempo
      2. Setting the Meter
    9. Setting Up a Click
    10. Creating a Click Default
      1. Pattern Clicks (the Ultimate in Clicks)
    11. Defining the Countoff
    12. Summary
  9. 5. Project Management: Part 1
    1. The Digital Performer Project
      1. Opening an Existing Project
      2. Opening Other File Types
    2. Saving Your Project
      1. The Save Command
      2. The Save As Command
      3. Save As Template
        1. Saving a Template
        2. Deleting, Moving, and Renaming Templates
      4. Standard MIDI Files
        1. Opening Standard MIDI Files
        2. Exporting Standard MIDI Files
      5. OMF Interchange and AAF Interchange Files
      6. Final Cut Pro XML Interchange
    3. Customizing Your Workspace
      1. The Consolidated Window
        1. The Title Bar
        2. Sidebars and Cells
        3. Setting Up the Consolidated Window
      2. The Preferences and Settings Command
        1. Display Preferences
        2. Editing Preferences
        3. General Preferences
        4. Play and Record Preferences
      3. Window Sets
      4. Track Colors
        1. Color Schemes
        2. Color Preferences
        3. Changing the Colors of Tracks in the Tracks Window
      5. The Commands Window
        1. Navigating the Commands Window
        2. Numeric Base Note
        3. Key Bindings
    4. Summary
  10. 6. Project Management: Part 2
    1. The Undo History
      1. The Project Undo History
        1. The Undo History Timeline
        2. The Undo History List
      2. Branching
        1. The Undo History in Action
      3. Managing the Undo History Windows
        1. Pruning Preferences
        2. Manually Pruning the Undo History from the Mini-Menu
      4. Audio File Undo History Windows
      5. Polar Undo History Window
    2. Managing Audio Files and Soundbites
      1. Changing the Location of Audio Files and Soundbites
      2. Organizing Audio Files and Soundbites into Folders
      3. Renaming Existing Audio Files or Soundbites
      4. Deleting Audio Files and Soundbites
      5. ”Removing” Audio Files and Soundbites
      6. Compacting an Audio File
      7. Compacting a Project
      8. Locating Missing Audio Files or Soundbites
    3. Backup and Project Archival
      1. Backups
      2. Archiving
      3. External Hard Drives
      4. CD-R versus DVD-R
      5. Rewritable Media
      6. USB Flash Drives
      7. Software Solutions
        1. CD/DVD-Burning Software
        2. Dedicated Backup Software
        3. Offsite Storage
    4. Summary
  11. 7. Recording Audio
    1. Input Assignments and the Audio Assignments Window
    2. Monitoring Input Signals
      1. Audio Patch Thru
      2. Monitoring with External Mixers
      3. Direct Hardware Playthrough
    3. Setting Input Levels
      1. Arming a Track
      2. Audio Monitor Window
      3. The Meter Bridge Window
      4. DP’s Trim Plug-In
    4. Recording Audio
      1. Recording and Managing Takes
        1. Comp Takes (or Track Comping)
      2. Punching In and Out
      3. Overdub Record Mode
      4. Cycle Record Mode
      5. Recording with Effects
    5. Importing Audio
      1. Sound File Locations
        1. Copy Audio to Project Folder
        2. Store Converted or Processed Files
      2. Automatic Conversions Preferences
      3. The Import Audio Command versus Drag and Drop
    6. Summary
  12. 8. Recording MIDI
    1. MIDI-Related Windows and Commands
      1. The MIDI Monitor Window
      2. The Set Input Filter Command
      3. The Input Quantize Command
      4. MIDI Device Groups
      5. MIDI Patch Lists
        1. The Current Patch versus the Default Patch
    2. Recording MIDI
      1. Setting Up to Record a MIDI Track
      2. Setting Up an Instrument Track
      3. Basic MIDI Recording
      4. Punch Recording
      5. Overdub Recording
      6. Cycle Recording
      7. Step Recording
    3. Summary
  13. 9. MIDI: The Region Menu, Plug-Ins, and Virtual Instruments
    1. Region Menu Commands
      1. Region Commands Preferences and Settings
      2. The Transpose Command
        1. The Transpose Map
        2. The Interval, Diatonic, Key/Scale, and Custom Map Options
      3. The Quantize Command
        1. Quantizing MIDI Notes
      4. The Change Velocity Command
      5. The Split Notes Command
    2. MIDI Effects Plug-Ins
      1. Processing with the Region Menu’s MIDI Effects Plug-Ins
      2. Inserting Real-Time MIDI Plug-Ins
    3. Virtual Instrument Plug-Ins
      1. Pre-Rendered Instrument Tracks (MOTU’s Pre-Gen)
      2. Assigned Instrument Track
      3. Unassigned Instrument Tracks
      4. Instrument Inserts and the Mixing Board
    4. The Freeze Selected Tracks Command
    5. Summary
  14. 10. Editing
    1. The Tool Palette
    2. The Time Formats Window, Time Ruler, and Edit Grid
      1. The Time Formats Window
      2. The Time Ruler
      3. The Edit Grid
        1. Working with DP’s Edit Grids
        2. The Tracks Window
        3. The Sequence, Graphic, and Waveform Editors
    3. The View Filters
    4. Zooming
    5. Selecting and Moving
      1. Selecting and Moving Audio
        1. The Pointer Tool
        2. The I-Beam Tool
      2. Selecting and Moving MIDI Notes
    6. Basic Edit Commands
      1. The Erase Command
      2. The Copy, Cut, Paste, Repeat, and Merge Commands
        1. The Copy and Cut Commands
        2. The Paste Command
        3. The Repeat Command
        4. The Paste Repeat command
        5. The Paste Multiple and Paste Multiple Repeat Commands
        6. The Merge Command
    7. Editing Audio in the Sequence Editor
      1. Edge Editing Soundbites
      2. Soundbite Editing Shortcuts
      3. Fades and Crossfades
        1. Fade Handles
        2. The Fade and Delete Fade Commands
    8. MIDI Editing in the Graphic Editor
      1. Inserting, Removing, and Modifying Notes in the Note Grid
      2. The Median Strip and Continuous Data Grid
        1. The Median Strip
        2. The Continuous Data Grid
        3. Moving MIDI Controller Events
        4. Inserting MIDI Controller Events
        5. Editing Existing MIDI Controller Events
    9. The Event List
      1. Event List Basics
      2. Editing the Parameter of an Event
    10. Summary
  15. 11. Arranging
    1. The Conductor Track
      1. Modify Conductor Track Menu
      2. Editing Conductor Track Data
        1. The Event List
        2. The Graphic Editor
    2. Tempo
      1. Tempo Sources and the Tempo Control Menu
      2. Adjusting Tempo
        1. Change Tempo Command
        2. Tap Tempo and the Receive Sync Command
        3. Adjust Beats and Record Beats Commands
      3. Audio Menu Tempo Commands
        1. Soundbite Tempos
        2. Adjust Soundbites to Sequence Tempo
        3. Adjust Sequence to Soundbite Tempo
    3. Meter
      1. The Change Meter Command
      2. Applying and Editing Meter Changes
      3. Partial Measures
    4. Key
      1. The Change Key Command
      2. Transposing Audio and MIDI Data
    5. Chunks
      1. Sequences
        1. The Sequence Menu
        2. Incorporating Sequences into Your Workflow
      2. The Chunks Window
      3. Controlling Chunks
        1. Skipping, Cueing, and Chaining Chunks
      4. Songs
        1. The Song Window
    6. Looping
      1. Inserting a Loop Using the Region Menu
      2. Inserting a Loop in the Event List
      3. The Loop Tool
    7. Clipping Windows
      1. Clipping Data Icons
      2. Creating, Opening, and Managing Clippings
      3. Where Clippings Are Stored
      4. Adding Audio and MIDI Data
      5. Saving Plug-In Settings
      6. Documents, Folders, and URLs
    8. Markers
      1. Marker Basics
      2. Creating Markers on the Fly
      3. Quantizing Markers
      4. Recalling Markers
      5. Snapping and Shifting Data to a Marker Location
      6. Selecting with Markers
      7. Markers in Post-Production Work
    9. Summary
  16. 12. Mixing
    1. Mixing Board Setup
      1. Showing and Hiding Track Strip Sections
      2. The Board Layout Feature
      3. Track Groups
        1. The Track Groups Window
        2. Temporary Track Groups
      4. Alternate Mixes with Mix Mode
    2. Inserts and Plug-Ins
      1. Signal Flow
      2. Pre-/Post-Fader Divider
      3. Dynamic versus Time-Based Effects
        1. Insert or Send?
        2. Special FX
    3. Aux Tracks and Sends
      1. Send and Returns
        1. Pre- versus Post-Fader Sends
        2. The Send Level Knobs
        3. The Send Menu
        4. Effects Returns
        5. Setting Up a Headphone Mix
      2. Submixing
      3. Automation
        1. Automation Setup Window
        2. Automation Modes
        3. Enabling and Disabling Automation
        4. Recording Real-Time Automation
        5. Inserting Automation Data
        6. Plug-In Automation
        7. Snapshot Automation
        8. Using the Previous Snapshot Setting
    4. Summary
  17. 13. Processing and Mastering
    1. Audio Processing
      1. Automatic Delay Compensation
      2. Real-Time Effects
      3. File-Based Processing
        1. Processing Audio within a Track
        2. Processing Audio in the Waveform Editor
      4. The Background Processing Window
        1. Background Processing Tasks
        2. Background Processing Preferences
      5. The Audio Performance Window
      6. Plug-In Formats
        1. Plug-In Locations
        2. Installing AU Plug-Ins
      7. The Effects Window
        1. The Mini-Menu
        2. Track, Insert, Effect, and Preset Menus
        3. Bypassing or Automating an Effect
      8. Saving and Recalling Effect Presets
      9. Pitch-Shifting Audio
        1. The Transpose Command
        2. The Spectral Effects Command
      10. Time-Stretching Audio
        1. Graphically Time-Stretching Audio
        2. The Scale Time Command
    2. Mastering
      1. The Master Fader
      2. Mastering in DP
      3. Processing Your Final Mix
        1. Equalization
        2. Compression versus Limiting
        3. Dither and Noise Shaping
        4. Sample Rate or Format Conversion
      4. Bouncing to Disk
        1. The Bounce to Disk Command
        2. Bouncing Directly to an Audio CD or Disk Image
        3. Real-Time Recording (Printing Your Mix)
      5. Exporting Audio
      6. Exporting and Bouncing to the MP3 Format
        1. LAME Framework
        2. Converting to AAC with iTunes
    3. Summary
  18. 14. Music Notation
    1. The QuickScribe Editor
      1. Customizing the Appearance of a Score
        1. The Different QuickScribe Views
        2. The Title Page
        3. Body Pages
        4. Inserting Page Numbers and the Current Date
        5. Ledger Spacing between Staves and Staff Systems
        6. Staff Bracket/Brace Options and Tools
      2. Customizing the Appearance of an Individual Track
        1. Staff Types and Clefs
        2. Transpose Settings
        3. Inter-Staff Spacing
      3. Working with Measures
        1. Measure Numbers
        2. Measure Spacing
        3. The QuickScribe Tool Palette
        4. Inserting Notes
        5. Working with Accidentals
        6. Small Note Heads
      4. Inserting Key, Meter, and Tempo Changes
        1. Inserting Key Changes
        2. Inserting Meter Changes
        3. Inserting Tempo Changes
      5. Inserting Dynamic Symbols
      6. Printing
    2. Summary
  19. 15. Scoring to Picture
    1. Music Scoring
      1. Movie Window
        1. The Movie’s Mini-Menu
        2. Setup
      2. Cue Sheets
      3. Viewing Film Cues
        1. Film Cue Information
        2. The Different Film Cue Views
      4. Hit Points
      5. Using Hit Points to Find Tempos
      6. Film Scoring Events
        1. Exporting a QuickTime Movie
    2. Summary