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Digital Filters Design for Signal and Image Processing by Mohamed Najim

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4.7. Linear phase filters (maximally flat delay or MFD): Bessel and Thomson filters

4.7.1. Reminders on continuous linear phase filters

In some applications, we need a filter with a transfer function whose phase varies linearly with the frequency in a specific range.

Let us assume a continuous-time filter represented by its transfer function H(j2πf) = |H(j2πf)| exp(jimages(f)). If we have been looking at |H(j2πf)|, we must also take the characteristics of images(f) into account.

To do that, we look at an input signal that is made of two sinusoidal components:

images

The filtered signal then is written as:

images

or

images

Now, if we carry out a limited development of images, we get:

images

Taking equation (4.68) into account, equation (4.67) is written as:

In order to avoid a frequency distortion, it is necessary that be cancelled. ...

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