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Digital Audiovisual Archives

Book Description

Today, huge quantities of digital audiovisual resources are already available – everywhere and at any time – through Web portals, online archives and libraries, and video blogs. One central question with respect to this huge amount of audiovisual data is how they can be used in specific (social, pedagogical, etc.) contexts and what are their potential interest for target groups (communities, professionals, students, researchers, etc.).

This book examines the question of the (creative) exploitation of digital audiovisual archives from a theoretical, methodological, technical and practical point of view, especially in three main directions of work:

- The repurposing and republishing of existing audiovisual data.

- The building of community-centric audiovisual archives.

- The use of digital social media and Web 2 technology for the diffusion and sharing of audiovisual content.

This book presents a series of concrete examples of creative uses of digital audiovisual corpora for education, research and cultural heritage preservation and valorization.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Introduction
  5. PART 1: Analysis, Rewritings and Republications
    1. Chapter 1: Analyzing an Audiovisual Corpus of A Thousand and One Nights
      1. 1.1. Introduction
      2. 1.2. Creating a thematic educational dossier based on A Thousand and One Nights
        1. 1.2.1. Choosing an audiovisual corpus
        2. 1.2.2. Text analysis
          1. 1.2.2.1. Building the dossier: text structure
          2. 1.2.2.2. Processing corpora: choice of analysis and segmentation
          3. 1.2.2.3. Analysis
            1. 1.2.2.3.1. The dossier’s central axis: a scientific interview on classical Arabic literature
            2. 1.2.2.3.2. A theater adaptation of a story from A Thousand and One Nights
      3. 1.3. Perspectives: ASWs and new forms of digital writing
    2. Chapter 2: Analyzing a Corpus of Traditional Bread Making
      1. 2.1. Introduction
      2. 2.2. Creating educational dossiers to raise public awareness
        1. 2.2.1. Choosing a corpus
        2. 2.2.2. Defining aims of the analysis
        3. 2.2.3. Analysis
          1. 2.2.3.1. What is the role of each text in the dossier’s structure?
          2. 2.2.3.2. What are the features that are linked to video processing and analysis in this structure on the basis of this assertion?
          3. 2.2.3.3. Features added through indexing segments linked to other videos
          4. 2.2.3.4. Finalizing the dossier
      3. 2.3. Creating a communication dossier for improving cultural events
        1. 2.3.1. Choosing a corpus
        2. 2.3.2. Defining aims of the analysis
        3. 2.3.3. Analysis
          1. 2.3.3.1. What is the role of each text in the dossier’s structure?
          2. 2.3.3.2. Finalizing the dossier
    3. Chapter 3: Republishing Audiovisual Resources
      1. 3.1. Introduction
      2. 3.2. Breakdown of the (re)publication process according to genre
      3. 3.3. “Rerecording” audiovisual texts
      4. 3.4. Interactive video books
      5. 3.5. Thematic folders
      6. 3.6. Educational folders
      7. 3.7. Narrative path
  6. PART 2: Audiovisual Archives, Knowledge Management and Cultural Heritage
    1. Chapter 4: An Archive on the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Andean Populations in Peru and Bolivia
      1. 4.1. Introduction
      2. 4.2. Scientific methodology and ethical and participative approaches
        1. 4.2.1. Scientific methodology for collecting and processing intangible cultural heritages
          1. 4.2.1.1. Preliminary information and informed consent
            1. 4.2.1.2. Audiovisual filming and recording
              1. 4.2.1.2.1. Interviews
              2. 4.2.1.2.2. Cultural events
              3. 4.2.1.2.3. Recording material
            2. 4.2.1.3. Saving, indexing, and archiving collected data
              1. 4.2.1.3.1. Saving video files
              2. 4.2.1.3.2. Indexing and archiving systems
            3. 4.2.1.4. Treating and analyzing data
              1. 4.2.1.4.1. Editing the audiovisual material
              2. 4.2.1.4.2. Analyzing and interpreting the data
              3. 4.2.1.4.3. Publication and uploading the files online
          2. 4.2.2. An ethical and participative approach: recognizing and involving people and communities in collecting their heritage
            1. 4.2.2.1. The rights of peoples and communities over content
            2. 4.2.2.2. Returning data to peoples and communities
            3. 4.2.2.3. Cooperation and action research
      3. 4.3. The Andean intangible cultural heritage portal
        1. 4.3.1. Why have a portal for Andean cultural heritage?
          1. 4.3.1.1. The intangible: an innovative concept introducing new perspectives
          2. 4.3.1.2. The issue of a new conceptual category
        2. 4.3.2. Structure and themes of the portal
          1. 4.3.2.1. Identifying subjects
          2. 4.3.2.2. Classification and nomenclature
        3. 4.3.3. The thematic description library
          1. 4.3.3.1. Description model: “Intangible cultural heritage”
          2. 4.3.3.2. Description model “Cultural transmission”
          3. 4.3.3.3. Description model “Memories, stories, identities”
          4. 4.3.3.4. Description model “Politics”
      4. 4.4. Interests and perspectives of the project
        1. 4.4.1. Interests and objectives of the project
          1. 4.4.1.1. Safeguarding and preserving living heritages: a dynamic and interactive archive
            1. 4.4.1.1.1. The challenge of preserving a continually evolving cultural heritage
            2. 4.4.1.1.2. Modes of reproduction and interactive platforms: online multimedia archives
          2. 4.4.1.2. Valorizing and revitalizing threatened practices using attractive media: creating a platform of expression for oral cultures
            1. 4.4.1.2.1. Attractive cultural expression platforms for new generations
            2. 4.4.1.2.2. Reviving and revitalizing the transmission and creative process
          3. 4.4.1.3. Scientifically describing and indexing audiovisual data
            1. 4.4.1.3.1. An ethical, legal and scientific framework
            2. 4.4.1.3.2. Multilingualism
            3. 4.4.1.3.3. Indexing, describing, and meta-describing videos
        2. 4.4.2. Uses and perspectives
          1. 4.4.2.1. Uses in research
            1. 4.4.2.1.1. Research on culture
            2. 4.4.2.1.2. Research on languages
          2. 4.4.2.2. Uses in education
            1. 4.4.2.2.1. Teaching about Quechua and Andean culture
            2. 4.4.2.2.2. Bilingual intercultural education programs in Quechua and Spanish
          3. 4.4.2.3. Local cultural uses and perspectives: creating an ICH cultural centre in Cuzco
            1. 4.4.2.3.1. A center for archives on living heritage
            2. 4.4.2.3.2. A training center for populations on collecting ICH and using new technologies
            3. 4.4.2.3.3. A teaching center for Quechua language and Andean culture
            4. 4.4.2.3.4. A center for promoting ICH through cultural activities
      5. 4.5. Conclusion
    2. Chapter 5: An Audiovisual Azerbaijani Cultural Heritage Portal for Educational and Academic Use
      1. 5.1. Introduction
        1. 5.1.1. Background to the creation of the AACH portal: context
        2. 5.1.2. Research into teaching methodologies for Azerbaijani culture and language
      2. 5.2. Disseminating and transmitting cultural heritages via the Internet
        1. 5.2.1. Digitalizing and disseminating cultural archives via the Internet
        2. 5.2.2. Issues in semiotic research for disseminating cultural heritages
      3. 5.3. Aims of creating an Azerbaijani cultural heritage portal (AACHP) in the ASA-SHS project
      4. 5.4. Principal aspects of cultural heritage approach in developing an Azerbaijani cultural heritage portal (AACH)
        1. 5.4.1. Ethnical aspect of cultural heritage approach
        2. 5.4.2. Communicative and informative aspects of cultural heritage approach
        3. 5.4.3. Multi-source aspect of cultural heritage approach
        4. 5.4.4. Legal aspects of cultural heritage approach
        5. 5.4.5. Collaborative aspect of cultural heritage approach
        6. 5.4.6. Valorizing aspect of cultural heritage approach
        7. 5.4.7. Capitalizing on experience in cultural heritage approach: a development Log Book for the AACH and AICH portals
      5. 5.5. Analyzing audiovisual corpora for AACH in ASA
        1. 5.5.1. Identifying areas of knowledge for the AACHP
        2. 5.5.2. Library of thematic analysis schemes in AACH
        3. 5.5.3. The AACH thesaurus
        4. 5.5.4. Pragmatic analysis of semiotic descriptions of the AACH audiovisual corpus
          1. 5.5.4.1. A representative video of the AACH corpus
          2. 5.5.4.2. Segmentation for focused analysis using the ASW Segmentation Workshop
          3. 5.5.4.3. Analyzing themes for exploring the thematic richness of an AACH audiovisual text
          4. 5.5.4.4. A thesaurus showing the terminological richness of the AACH
          5. 5.5.4.5. Visuals and acoustics for exploring the maximum cognitive potential of the AACH corpus
          6. 5.5.4.6. Multilingual adaptation of the AACH portal for intercultural studies
          7. 5.5.4.7. Types of discourse for learning foreign languages
          8. 5.5.4.8. Scientific disciplines in the AACH for research and teaching
          9. 5.5.4.9. Suggestions of use for audiovisual documents/materials in the AACH
      6. 5.6. Applications for the AACH portal and the ASW environment
      7. 5.7. Conclusion: advantages, benefits and perspectives
  7. PART 3: Social Networks, Web 2.0 and Mobile Communication
    1. Chapter 6: Academic Communication via Facebook and Twitter
      1. 6.1. Introduction
      2. 6.2. The ArkWork portal
        1. 6.2.1. Nature of the resource
        2. 6.2.2. Example of video analysis and adaptation
      3. 6.3. Facebook for sharing various types of information
        1. 6.3.1. Valorizing the ArkWork resources: sequences and images taken from the video source
        2. 6.3.2. Type of information to be communicated via profile “Walls”
          1. 6.3.2.1. Selected videos from the ArkWork portal
          2. 6.3.2.2. Important information from other sources regarding archeology and heritage
        3. 6.3.3. From profile pages to professional (fan) pages: personalizing and adding other applications
      4. 6.4. Twitter as a means of publicizing short information
        1. 6.4.1. Twitter and sequential communication
        2. 6.4.2. Twitter and video extracts spread through ArkWork video sharing platforms
        3. 6.4.3. Twitter and paper.li, an automatic publication platform
        4. 6.4.4. Communication between Twitter and Facebook
    2. Chapter 7: Uses for Digital Content Sharing Platforms
      1. 7.1. Introduction
      2. 7.2. Flickr
      3. 7.3. Twitpic
      4. 7.4. ArkWork on YouTube
        1. 7.4.1. Multilingual accessibility
        2. 7.4.2. Geographically contextualizing video content
        3. 7.4.3. An interactive video with annotation
        4. 7.4.4. YouTube and Apture videos
      5. 7.5. ArkWork on Dailymotion
      6. 7.6. ArkWork on Vimeo
      7. 7.7. Nomadic approaches: mobile communication for sharing academic content
    3. Chapter 8: Uses for Content Aggregators and Community Networks
      1. 8.1. Netvibes, a content aggregator
      2. 8.2. Pearltrees, a content curation platform
      3. 8.3. Sharing information on community portals: the Louvre Community portal (communauté.louvre.fr)
        1. 8.3.1. Building a profile: using our resources in cooperation with the Museum’s collection
        2. 8.3.2. Marking our resources in relation to Museum events
        3. 8.3.3. Creating discussion groups
      4. 8.4. Conclusion
    4. Chapter 9: Tracing Video Usage: The Potential of VDI
      1. 9.1. Introduction
      2. 9.2. Presentation of the scenario
        1. 9.2.1. Principles and objectives
        2. 9.2.2. Roles
        3. 9.2.3. Users
        4. 9.2.4. The technical environment
          1. 9.2.4.1. VDIs
          2. 9.2.4.2. Tools and applications
      3. 9.3. Walkthrough
        1. 9.3.1. User registration and authentication
        2. 9.3.2. Creating and publishing videos
        3. 9.3.3. Subscribing to videos
        4. 9.3.4 Removing videos
        5. 9.3.5. Downloading videos
        6. 9.3.6. Creating and publishing analyses
        7. 9.3.7. Subscribing to analyses
        8. 9.3.8. Removing analyses
        9. 9.3.9. Creating a channel
        10. 9.3.10. Posting an analysis onto a channel
        11. 9.3.11. Subscribing to posted analyses
        12. 9.3.12. Removing posts
        13. 9.3.13. Viewing analyses posted on channels
      4. 9.4. Conclusion
  8. Glossary of Specialized Terms
  9. Glossary of Acronyms and Names
  10. Bibliography
  11. List of Authors
  12. Index