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Diabetes For Dummies, 5th Edition

Book Description

The straight facts on treating diabetes successfully

With diabetes now considered pandemic throughout the world, there have been enormous advances in the field. Now significantly revised and updated, this new edition of Diabetes For Dummies includes the latest information on diabetes medications and monitoring equipment, new findings about treating diabetes in the young and elderly, new ways to diagnose and treat long- and short-term complications, updated nutritional guidelines, new tools for measuring blood sugar and delivering insulin to the body, and much more.

There's no question that the burden of diabetes is increasing globally: it's estimated that 387 million people worldwide are living with diabetes, and that staggering number is expected to increase an additional 205 million+ by 2035. If you or a loved one is part of this overwhelming statistic, you can take comfort in the sensitive and authoritative information provided in this hands-on guide. From monitoring and maintaining your glucose to understanding the importance of exercising and eating right—and everything in between—Diabetes For Dummies takes the guesswork out of living with diabetes and empowers you to take control and keep your life on a healthy track.

  • Reduce your risk of diabetes complications

  • Discover the latest and the tried-and-true options for monitoring blood sugar

  • Get up to speed on the various diabetes medications and lifestyle strategies

  • Improve diabetes control and overall health

  • If you're one of the millions of diabetics or pre-diabetics in search of an accessible and up-to-date resource to help you manage this disease, Diabetes For Dummies is the trusted guide you'll turn to again and again.

    Table of Contents

      1. Cover
      2. Introduction
        1. About This Book
        2. Foolish Assumptions
        3. Icons Used in This Book
        4. Beyond This Book
        5. Where to Go from Here
      3. Part I: Getting Started with Diabetes
        1. Chapter 1: Dealing with Diabetes
          1. Achieving Anything … Or Everything!
          2. Reacting to Your Diagnosis
          3. Maintaining a High Quality of Life
        2. Chapter 2: Making the Diagnosis with Glucose and Hemoglobin A1c
          1. Realizing the Role of Glucose
          2. Understanding the Hemoglobin A1c
          3. Getting a Wake-Up Call from Prediabetes
          4. Detecting Diabetes
          5. Tracing the History of Diabetes Treatment
          6. Explaining the Obesity (and Diabetes) Epidemic
          7. Putting Faces to the Numbers: Sharing Some Real Patient Stories
        3. Chapter 3: Recognizing the Various Types of Diabetes
          1. Getting to Know Your Pancreas and Its Role in Diabetes
          2. Understanding Type 1 Diabetes and You
          3. Having Type 2 Diabetes
          4. Dealing with Gestational Diabetes
          5. Recognizing Other Types of Diabetes
      4. Part II: Knowing How Uncontrolled Diabetes Affects Your Body
        1. Chapter 4: Avoiding Short-Term Complications
          1. Solving (and Steering Clear of) Short-Term Complications
          2. Dropping Too Low: Hypoglycemia
          3. Combating Ketoacidosis
          4. Managing Hyperosmolar Syndrome
        2. Chapter 5: Warding Off Long-Term Complications
          1. Knowing How Long-Term Complications Develop and How to Avoid Them
          2. Kidney Disease
          3. Eye Disease
          4. Nerve Disease, Also Known as Neuropathy
          5. Heart Disease
          6. Diabetic Blood Vessel Disease Away from the Heart
          7. Diabetic Foot Disease
          8. Skin Disease in Diabetes
          9. Gum Disease in Diabetes
          10. Sleep Apnea
          11. Other Conditions Associated with Diabetes That You Should Know
        3. Chapter 6: Preserving Sexual Function and Protecting Pregnancy
          1. Examining Erection Problems
          2. Facing Female Sexual Problems
          3. Striving for a Healthy Pregnancy
          4. Dealing with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
      5. Part III: Managing Diabetes: The “Thriving with Diabetes” Lifestyle Plan
        1. Chapter 7: Self-Testing for Glucose and Other Key Tests
          1. Testing, Testing: Tests You Need to Stay Healthy
          2. Monitoring Blood Glucose: It’s a Must
          3. Choosing a Blood Glucose Meter
          4. Tracking Your Glucose over Time: Hemoglobin A1c
          5. Testing for Kidney Damage: Moderately Increased Albumin (MIA)
          6. Checking for Eye Problems
          7. Examining Your Feet
          8. Tracking Cholesterol and Other Fats
          9. Measuring Blood Pressure
          10. Checking Your Weight and BMI
          11. Testing for Ketones
          12. Testing the C-Reactive Protein
          13. Checking the TSH
          14. Evaluating Testosterone in Men with Type 2 Diabetes
          15. Checking Vitamin D
        2. Chapter 8: Tackling What You Eat: Healthful Nutrition
          1. Considering Total Calories First
          2. Getting Enough Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
          3. Counting Alcohol as Part of Your Diet
          4. Using Sugar Substitutes
          5. Eating Well for Type 1 Diabetes
          6. Reducing Your Weight
          7. Coping with Eating Disorders
        3. Chapter 9: Metabolic Surgery: A Possible Cure for Type 2 Diabetes
          1. Realizing the Benefits of Metabolic Surgery
          2. Considering Surgery over Traditional Diabetes Care
          3. Getting Familiar with Guidelines for Surgical Candidates
          4. Choosing the Operation
          5. Preparing for Surgery
          6. Identifying Short-Term and Long-Term Complications of Surgery
          7. Eating Properly and Exercising after Surgery
          8. Hearing from Real Patients
          9. Considering New Guidelines for Surgery
        4. Chapter 10: Creating Your Exercise Plan
          1. Getting Off the Couch: Why Exercise Is Essential
          2. Exercising When You Have Diabetes
          3. Determining How Much Exercise to Do
          4. Is Golf a Sport? Choosing Your Activity
          5. Walking 10K Steps a Day
          6. Lifting Weights
        5. Chapter 11: Medications: What You Should Know
          1. Taking Drugs by Mouth: Oral Agents
          2. Taking Insulin
          3. Using Other Medications
          4. Avoiding Drug Interactions
          5. Finding Assistance Obtaining Drugs
        6. Chapter 12: Assembling Your Diabetes Team
          1. Your Role as Author, Producer, Director, and Star
          2. The Primary Physician: Your Assistant Director
          3. The Diabetologist or Endocrinologist: Your Technical Consultant
          4. The Eye Doctor: Your Lighting Designer
          5. The Foot Doctor: Your Dance Instructor
          6. The Dietitian: Your Food-Services Provider
          7. The Diabetes Educator: Your Researcher
          8. The Pharmacist: Your Usher
          9. The Mental-Health Worker: Your Supporting Actor
          10. Your Family and Friends: Your Captivated and Caring Audience
          11. The Internet: Your Potential Partner in Lifestyle Change
      6. Part IV: Special Considerations for Living with Diabetes
        1. Chapter 13: Managing Diabetes in Children
          1. Dealing with Diabetes in Your Baby or Preschooler
          2. Helping Your Primary-School Child with Diabetes
          3. Managing Your Adolescent’s Diabetes
          4. Handing Over the Reins to Your Young Adult Child with Diabetes
          5. Preventing and Treating Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes in Children
          6. Taking Special Care of Sick Children
          7. Checking for Thyroid Disease in Type 1 Children
          8. Appreciating the Value of Team Care
        2. Chapter 14: Diabetes and the Elderly
          1. Diagnosing Diabetes in the Elderly
          2. Evaluating Intellectual Functioning
          3. Considering Heart Disease
          4. Preparing a Proper Diet
          5. Avoiding Hypoglycemia
          6. Using Medications
          7. Dealing with Eye Problems
          8. Coping with Urinary and Sexual Problems
          9. Monitoring Foot Problems
          10. Considering Treatment Approaches
          11. Understanding the Medicare Law
        3. Chapter 15: Dealing With Occupational and Insurance Problems
          1. Traveling with Diabetes
          2. Knowing Where You Can’t Work
          3. Becoming Familiar with Workplace Law
          4. Navigating the Health-Insurance System
          5. Changing or Losing a Job
          6. Considering Long-Term Care Insurance
          7. Shopping for Life Insurance
        4. Chapter 16: Eyeing What’s New in Diabetes Care
          1. Protecting Yourself from the Dangers of New Drugs
          2. Checking the Role of Intestinal Organisms in Type 2 Diabetes
          3. Eating One Meal a Day to Control Diabetes
          4. Losing Weight with Gastric Artery Embolization
          5. Blocking the Vagus Nerve for Weight Loss
          6. Lowering Blood Glucose in Pregnancy
          7. Using an Endoscopic Duodenal-Jejunal Bypass Liner for Weight Loss
          8. Placing a Gastric Balloon
          9. Understanding the Importance of the ACCORD Trial
          10. Taking Advantage of Metabolic Memory
        5. Chapter 17: Discovering What Doesn’t Work When You Treat Diabetes
          1. Developing a Critical Eye
          2. Identifying Drugs and Supplements That Don’t Work
          3. Avoiding Illegal Drugs
          4. Knowing the Dangers of Some Legal Drugs for Other Purposes
          5. Recognizing Diets That Don’t Work
      7. Part V: The Part of Tens
        1. Chapter 18: Ten Commandments for Excellent Diabetes Care
          1. Major Monitoring
          2. Devout Dieting
          3. Tenacious Testing
          4. Enthusiastic Exercising
          5. Lifelong Learning
          6. Meticulous Medicating
          7. Appropriate Attitude
          8. Preventive Planning
          9. Fastidious Foot Care
          10. Essential Eye Care
        2. Chapter 19: Ten Myths about Diabetes That You Can Forget
          1. Perfect Treatment Yields Perfect Glucoses
          2. Type 2 Diabetes Occurs in All Overweight People and Not in Normal Weight People
          3. You Can’t Enjoy Your Food
          4. You Can Tell the Level of Your Blood Glucose by How You Feel
          5. People With Diabetes Get More Colds and Other Illnesses
          6. If You Need Insulin, You’re Doomed
          7. People with Diabetes Shouldn’t Exercise
          8. You Can’t Give Blood Because You Have Diabetes
          9. If You’re Sick and Can’t Eat, You Can Skip Your Diabetes Medications
          10. Diabetes Wrecks Your Sense of Humor
          11. Soak Your Feet Daily if You Have Diabetes
        3. Chapter 20: Ten Ways to Get Others to Help You
          1. Explain Hypoglycemia
          2. Follow the Standards of Care
          3. Find an Exercise Partner
          4. Use Your Foot Doctor
          5. Enlist Help to Fight Food Temptation
          6. Expand Your Diabetes Knowledge
          7. Fit Your Favorite Foods into Your Diet with a Dietitian
          8. Seek Out Appropriate Specialists
          9. Discuss Your Meds with the Pharmacist
          10. Share This Book with Everyone
      8. Appendix: Mini-Cookbook
        1. Getting to Know the Contributing Restaurants and Chefs
        2. Cooking Some Healthful Recipes
      9. About the Author
      10. Cheat Sheet
      11. Advertisement Page
      12. Connect with Dummies
      13. End User License Agreement