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Developments in Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Civil Engineering

Book Description

The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials has had a dramatic impact on civil engineering techniques over the past three decades. FRPs are an ideal material for structural applications where high strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios are required. Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and their applications in civil engineering.

Part one outlines the general developments of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) use, reviewing recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials. Part two outlines particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers and covers their use in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications, including their use in disaster-resistant buildings, strengthening steel structures and bridge superstructures.

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering is an essential text for researchers and engineers in the field of civil engineering and industries such as bridge and building construction.

  • Outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer composites and their applications in civil engineering
  • Reviews recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials
  • Covers the use of particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Contributor contact details
  6. Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering
  7. Introduction
  8. Part I: General developments
    1. Chapter 1: Types of fiber and fiber arrangement in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Fibers
      4. 1.3 Fabrics
      5. 1.4 Composites
      6. 1.5 Future trends
      7. 1.6 Sources of further information and advice
    2. Chapter 2: Biofiber reinforced polymer composites for structural applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Reinforcing fibers
      4. 2.3 Drawbacks of biofibers
      5. 2.4 Modification of natural fibers
      6. 2.5 Matrices for biocomposites
      7. 2.6 Processing of biofiber-reinforced plastic composites
      8. 2.7 Performance of biocomposites
      9. 2.8 Future trends
      10. 2.9 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 3: Advanced processing techniques for composite materials for structural applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Manual layup
      4. 3.3 Plate bonding
      5. 3.4 Preforming
      6. 3.5 Vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM)
      7. 3.6 Pultruded composites
      8. 3.7 Automated fiber placement
      9. 3.8 Future trends
      10. 3.9 Sources of further information
    4. Chapter 4: Vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM) for external strengthening of structures
      1. Abstract:
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 The limitations of hand layup techniques
      4. 4.3 Comparing hand layup and vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM)
      5. 4.4 Analyzing load, strain, deflections, and failure modes
      6. 4.5 Flexural fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) wrapped beams
      7. 4.6 Shear and flexural fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) wrapped beams
      8. 4.7 Comparing hand layup and vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM): results and discussion
      9. 4.8 Case study: I-565 Highway bridge girder
      10. 4.9 Conclusion and future trends
      11. 4.10 Acknowledgment
    5. Chapter 5: Failure modes in structural applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and their prevention
      1. Abstract:
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Failures in structural engineering applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
      4. 5.3 Strategies for failure prevention
      5. 5.4 Non-destructive testing (NDT) and structural health monitoring (SHM) for inspection and monitoring
      6. 5.5 Future trends
      7. 5.6 Conclusion
      8. 5.7 Acknowledgment
      9. 5.8 Sources of further information
    6. Chapter 6: Assessing the durability of the interface between fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and concrete in the rehabilitation of reinforced concrete structures
      1. Abstract:
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Interface stress analysis of the fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-to-concrete interface
      4. 6 12 Young’s modulus and shear modulus of beam i, respectively; bi is the width of beam i.
      5. 6.3 Fracture analysis of the fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-to-concrete interface
      6. 6.4 Durability of the fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)–concrete interface
  9. Part II: Particular types and applications
    1. Chapter 7: Advanced fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) materials in construction
      4. 7.3 Practical applications in buildings
      5. 7.4 Future trends
      6. 7.5 Sources of further information
    2. Chapter 8: Hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforced concrete beams: internal reinforcement
      4. 8.3 Hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in bridge construction
      5. 8.4 Future trends
      6. 8.5 Sources of further information
    3. Chapter 9: Design of hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)/autoclave aerated concrete (AAC) panels for structural applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Performance issues with fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)/autoclave aerated concrete (AAC) panels
      4. 9.3 Materials, processing, and methods of investigation
      5. 9.4 Comparing different panel designs
      6. 9.5 Analytical modeling of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)/autoclave aerated concrete (AAC) panels
      7. 9.6 Design graphs for fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)/ autoclave aerated concrete (AAC) panels
      8. 9.7 Conclusion
      9. 9.8 Acknowledgment
      10. 9.11 Appendix B: symbols
    4. Chapter 10: Impact behavior of hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)/autoclave aerated concrete (AAC) panels for structural applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Low velocity impact (LVI) and sandwich structures
      4. 10.3 Materials and processing
      5. 10.4 Analyzing sandwich structures using the energy balance model (EBM)
      6. 10.5 Low velocity impact (LVI) testing
      7. 10.6 Results of impact testing
      8. 10.7 Analysis using the energy balance model (EBM)
      9. 10.8 Conclusion
      10. 10.9 Acknowledgment
      11. 10.11 Appendix: symbols
    5. Chapter 11: Innovative fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for disaster-resistant buildings
      1. Abstract:
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Traditional and advanced panelized construction
      4. 11.3 Innovative composite structural insulated panels (CSIPs)
      5. 11.4 Designing composite structural insulated panels (CSIPs) for building applications under static loading
      6. 11.5 Composite structural insulated panels (CSIPs) as a disaster-resistant building panel
      7. 11.6 Conclusion
      8. 11.7 Acknowledgment
    6. Chapter 12: Thermoplastic composite structural insulated panels (CSIPs) for modular panelized construction
      1. Abstract:
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Traditional structural insulated panel (SIP) construction
      4. 12.3 Joining of precast panels in modular buildings
      5. 12.4 Manufacturing of composite structural insulated panels (CSIPs)
      6. 12.5 Connections for composite structural insulated panels (CSIPs)
      7. 12.6 Conclusion
      8. 12.7 Acknowledgment
    7. Chapter 13: Thermoplastic composites for bridge structures
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Manufacturing process for thermoplastic composites
      3. 13.3 Bridge deck designs
      4. 13.4 Design case studies
      5. 13.5 Comparing bridge deck designs
      6. 13.6 Prefabricated wraps for bridge columns
      7. 13.7 Compression loading of bridge columns
      8. 13.8 Impact loading of bridge columns
      9. 13.9 Conclusion
      10. 13.10 Acknowledgment
    8. Chapter 14: Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for bridge superstructures
      1. Abstract:
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) applications in bridge structures
      4. 14.3 Hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-concrete bridge superstructure
      5. Materials
      6. Test results
      7. 14.4 Conclusion
    9. Chapter 15: Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for strengthening steel structures
      1. Abstract:
      2. 15.1 Introduction
      3. 15.2 Conventional repair techniques and advantages of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
      4. 15.3 Flexural rehabilitation of steel and steel-concrete composite beams
      5. 15.4 Bond behavior
      6. 15.5 Repair of cracked steel members
      7. 15.6 Stabilizing slender steel members
      8. 15.7 Case studies and field applications
      9. 15.8 Future trends
      10. 15.9 Sources of further information
    10. Chapter 16: Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in environmental engineering applications
      1. Abstract:
      2. 16.1 Introduction
      3. 16.2 Advantages and environmental benefits of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
      4. 16.3 Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in chemical environmental applications
      5. 16.4 Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in sea-water environment
      6. 16.5 Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in coal-fired plants
      7. 16.6 Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in mining environments
      8. 16.7 Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for modular building of environmental durability
      9. 16.8 Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) wraps
      10. 16.9 Recycling composites
      11. 16.10 Green composites
      12. 16.11 Durability of composites
      13. 16.12 Design codes and specifications
      14. 16.13 Future trends
      15. 16.14 Acknowledgment
    11. Chapter 17: Design of all-composite structures using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites
      1. Abstract:
      2. 17.1 Introduction
      3. 17.2 Review on analysis
      4. 17.3 Systematic analysis and design methodology
      5. 17.4 Structural members
      6. 17.5 Structural systems
      7. 17.6 Design guidelines
      8. 17.7 Conclusion
  10. Index