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Development and Reform of Higher Education in China by Shiyan Lou, Hong Zhen Zhu

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1

Introduction to higher education in China

Abstract:

Higher education in China has undergone a long history and the establishment of the modern education system can date back to the late Qing Dynasty. From then on, Chinese higher education undertook a gradual and steady development. However, its booming and acceleration did not come until after 1978 when the reform and opening-up policy was adopted. Since then Chinese higher education has been progressing dramatically in various aspects including an expansion of institutes and enrollment, and change from elite education to mass education. In order to keep pace with and satisfy the needs of the rapid social and economic development, a comprehensive reform of the higher education system has ...

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