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Designing Solutions-Based Ubiquitous and Pervasive Computing: New Issues and Trends

Book Description

Designing Solutions-Based Ubiquitous and Pervasive Computing: New Issues and Trends examines current practices and challenges faced by designers of Ubiquitous and Pervasive Computing projects. Analyzing theoretical assumptions, empirical research, practical implementations, and case studies, this book intends to present a comprehensive yet concise overview of the recent progress in ubiquitous and pervasive computing applications, as well as discuss new methodologies, technologies and approaches currently practiced. Truly interdisciplinary, this publication serves as a valuable reference for researchers in the fields of electrical engineering and computer science, students, educators, and industrial trainers interested in network sensors, embedded systems, distributed systems, computer networks, and computer science.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. Editorial Advisory Board
  3. Foreword
  4. Preface
  5. Acknowledgment
  6. 1. Managing Context Uncertainty in Smart Pervasive Environments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODCUTION
      1. Contributions
    3. RELATED WORK
    4. MULTIPLE INHABITANT LOCATION TRACKING
      1. Cooperative Reinforcement Learning Algorithm
        1. Inhabitant's Utility Function Based on Cooperative Learning
        2. Entropy Learning Based on Individual Policy
        3. Entropy Learning Based on Joint Policy
        4. A New Algorithm for Optimizing Joint Uncertainty
        5. Classification and Estimation of the Uncertainty Level
      2. Predictive Nash H-Learning Framework
        1. NP-Hard Problem
        2. Non-Cooperative Nash H-Learning Algorithm
      3. Resource and Comfort Management
        1. Mobility-Aware Energy Conservation
        2. Estimation of Inhabitants' Comfort
      4. Experimental Study
        1. Simulation Environment
        2. Performance Results
        3. Predictive Location Estimation
        4. Storage and Computational Overhead
        5. Energy Savings and Inhabitants' Comfort
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
  7. 2. Effortless Data Capture for Ambient E-Services with Digital Pen and Paper Technology
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. DIGITAL PEN TECHNOLOGIES
    5. DRAWING PADS AND TOUCH SCREENS
    6. SHAPE WRITING
    7. DIGITAL WRITING ON ORDINARY PAPER WITH AN ACTIVE PEN
    8. DIGITAL PEN AND PAPER: THE ANOTO SOLUTION
    9. USING DIGITAL PEN AND PAPER FOR EFFORTLESS DATA CAPTURE
    10. SYMPTOM REPORTING WITH A DIGITAL PEN IN HOME HEALTHCARE
    11. DIGITALLY ENHANCED PAPER MAPS AND SKETCHES
    12. THE PAPER REMOTE
    13. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    14. CONCLUSION
    15. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    16. REFERENCES
  8. 3. Evaluating Voice User Interfaces in Ubiquitous Applications
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. USE OF VUI IN UBIQUITOUS APPLICATIONS
    4. VUI EVALUATION
    5. USABILITY PRINCIPLES AND GUIDELINES FOR VUI IN UBIQUITOUS APPLICATIONS
    6. CASE STUDY
      1. Description of the Application
      2. Problems and Solutions about the Implementation of the Application
      3. Methodology of Evaluation
    7. EVALUATION OF THE RESULTS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
  9. 4. A Service for Improving the User Experience in WLANs and WPANs
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1 INTRODUCTION
      1. 1.1 User Experience and Management
    3. 2 RELATED WORK
    4. 3 WIRELESS PROPAGATION MODEL
      1. 3.1 Channel Model
      2. 3.2 Wireless Environment and Communication Quality
    5. 4 MULTI SCALE STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL
      1. 4.1 Wavelets
      2. 4.2 Statistical Process Control
      3. 4.3 Statistical Process Control and Multi Resolution Analysis
    6. 5 ALGORITHM AND PARAMETER ESTIMATION
      1. 5.1 Response Time Estimation
      2. 5.2 Parameter Estimation
      3. 5.3 Event Identification
    7. 6 MANAGEMENT SERVICE ARCHITECTURE
    8. 7 ADAPTATION AND USER IMPROVEMENTS
      1. 7.1 Performance Impact
      2. 7.2 IEEE 802.21 Smart Triggers and Events
    9. 8 CONCLUSION
    10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    11. REFERENCES
    12. ADDITIONAL READING
  10. 5. Experiences in Developing Ubiquitous Applications
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. AN OVERVIEW OF THE UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING APPLICATIONS DEVELOPED
      1. BluePeer
      2. UbiqMuseum
      3. VisualDNS
      4. BlueHospital
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. 6. Wireless Sensor Network Based Data Fusion and Control Model for an Oil Production Platform
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. RELATED WORK
    4. PROPOSED WORK
    5. GENERAL SETUP OF SYSTEM
    6. DISTRIBUTED CONTROL
    7. CONTROLLER OPERATIONS
    8. NETWORK MANAGER
    9. PROBLEM STATEMENT
    10. INTER FUNCTIONAL ZONE COMMUNICATION
    11. DATA FUSION
    12. RELATED WORK
    13. PROPOSED WORK
    14. PREPROCESSING
      1. Data in Data Out
      2. Investigated Algorithms
        1. Algorithm 1
        2. Algorithm 2
        3. Algorithm 3
    15. CLASSIFICATION AND ASSOCIATION
    16. DATA ASSOCIATION / CORRELATION ASSOCIATION
    17. COMPOSITE DECISIONS
    18. DATA FUSION STATE MODELING OF THE SYSTEM
    19. PROACTIVE ROUTES
    20. MAC
    21. REACTIVE ROUTES
    22. TOTAL SYSTEM MODEL
    23. HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM
    24. FUTURE WORK
    25. CONCLUSION
    26. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    27. REFERENCES
  12. 7. System Framework and Protocols for Ubiquitous Computing Based Monitoring of an Oil Platform
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. OVERVIEW OF PROPOSED SYSTEM SETUP AND EXISTING STANDARDS
      1. Literature Survey
      2. Existing Standard: WirelessHART / HART 7 Standard
      3. Comparison of the WirelessHART Standard with the Zigbee Standard
        1. Features of WirelessHART
        2. Features of Zigbee
      4. Existing Standard: ISA Standard
    4. PROPOSED SYSTEM
      1. Proposed Mapping of Geographical Location to Component Mapping Location
    5. ROUTING
      1. General setup of system
      2. Releated Work on Routing
      3. Proposed Routing
      4. Proactive routing
      5. Reactive Routing
      6. Very High Priority (VHP) Messages
      7. Changing from Reactive to Proactive Condition Derivation
      8. Hybrid Scheme
      9. Battery consideration
      10. Proposed routing Algorithm
        1. Initial Setup Phase
        2. Running Phase (Normal)
    6. PROPOSED HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM
    7. FUTURE WORK
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    10. REFERENCES
  13. 8. Low Power Considerations in Ubiquitous Computing
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. LOW POWER CONSIDERATIONS
      1. Problems That Cause Power Waste
        1. Heat Dissipation
        2. Sources of Power Dissipation
        3. Wireless Communication
      2. Solutions for Reducing Power Consumption
        1. Hardware Design Techniques
          1. Multi Supply Voltage
          2. Clock Gating
          3. Synchronous Vs. Asynchronous Design
          4. Dynamic Process Temperature Compensation (DPTC)
          5. Environmental Energy Sources
          6. Memory and Storage
          7. Static vs. Dynamic Circuit Logic
          8. Adiabatic Circuitry
          9. Processor Scaling
        2. Software Design Techniques
          1. Scheduling the CPU
          2. Network Changes
          3. Task Scheduling
          4. Operating System Scaling
        3. Operating System Design Techniques
          1. Microcontrollers vs. Microprocessors
          2. Standard Microcontroller Operating Systems
          3. TinyOS
          4. Symbian OS
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      1. New Transistors and circuits
      2. Semiconductor Innovations
      3. Load Balancing on Multiprocessor Systems
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
  14. 9. Wireless Sensor Networks Advances for Ubiquitous Computing
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING
      1. Challenges in Deploying Ubiquitous Computing Systems
    4. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
      1. Components of a Smart Sensor
    5. WSN AND UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING
      1. The WSN Advances for Ubiquitous Computing
        1. Viable Economic Models and Supporting Infrastructure
        2. Limitations
        3. Mobility
        4. Communication
        5. Collaboration
        6. Components Interaction
        7. Adaptation and Contextual Sensitivity
        8. Component Association and Task Analysis
        9. User Interface Integration
        10. Appropriate Management Mechanisms and Policies
        11. Social, Legal, and Technical Solutions to Privacy and Security Concerns
    6. THE FUTURE OF WSN FOR UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  15. 10. Disability vs. Smart Environments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
      1. Handicap Situation
    3. RELATED WORK
    4. SEMANTIC MATCHING FRAMEWORK (SMF)
      1. User Model
      2. Environment Model
      3. Matching Between User Model and Environment Model
    5. KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION IN SMF
      1. Description Logic
      2. Semantics of Description Logic
      3. DL Approach for Modelling an Assistive Environment:
        1. User Model and Environment Model in ƩHOΘ(∆)
        2. Attributes in ƩHOΘ(∆)
        3. HandicapSituation Property
        4. Attributes Prefer and NotPrefer
        5. Services Attribute
        6. Category of Attributes
        7. Profile in ƩHOΘ(∆)
      4. Formal Description of the Matching Using First Order Logic Rules
      5. Example
      6. Reasoning
      7. Assistive Service Delivery
      8. Implementation of SMF
      9. The Knowledge Base Ontology
      10. Instantiation Manager
      11. Inference Reasoner Engine and Program Rules
      12. Context Query Engine
      13. Multi-User Management
    6. EXPERIMENTATION
      1. Sequence Process
    7. PERFORMANCE
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
  16. 11. XAC Project: Towards a Middleware for Open Wireless Sensor Networks
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. RESEARCH ISSUES FOR OPEN WSN MIDDLEWARE
      1. Task Description Language
        1. Existing Solutions
        2. The Solution of the XAC Project
      2. Runtime Task Management
        1. Existing Solutions
        2. The Solution of the XAC Project
      3. Self-Adaptability
        1. Existing Solutions
        2. The Solutions of the XAC Project
      4. Security
        1. Security Issues in WSN
        2. Attacks in WSN
        3. Existing Solutions
        4. The Solutions of the XAC Project
    5. INTRODUCTION OF XAC MIDDLEWARE
      1. A Summary of Prototype Implementation
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ENDNOTES
  17. 12. Pervasive Computing Applications, Technologies, and Challenges for E-Health
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. E HEALTH APPLICATIONS
      1. Telemedicine and Remote Patient Monitoring
      2. Telepresence
      3. Remote Intelligent Drug Delivery System
      4. Pervasive Devices
      5. Some Proposals on eHealth Monitoring Systems
    4. TECHNOLOGIES
      1. Sensors and BAN Networks
      2. Network Robotics in eHealth
    5. CHALLENGES
      1. Standardization
      2. Security and Privacy
        1. eHealth Security and Privacy
        2. Security in Remote Access Applications
        3. Security in Networking
      3. Reliability
      4. Context and Activity Awareness
      5. User Acceptance
      6. Performance Requirements
    6. FUTURE TRENDS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  18. 13. On the Design of Self-Organizing Ad Hoc Networks
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. FUNDAMENTALS AND RELATED WORK
      1. Communication
      2. Density Control
      3. Clustering
      4. Others
    4. DESIGNING SELF-ORGANIZING MANETS
      1. General Aspects
      2. A Design Framework
        1. Framework Core
        2. Service Abstraction Level
      3. A Design Guideline
        1. Global Goal Specification
        2. Local Behavior Mapping
          1. Local Goal Specification
          2. Local Information Specification
          3. Local Interaction Definition
        3. Consideration of Integration Possibilities
        4. Implementation and Evaluation
        5. Design Revision
    5. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    6. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS
    7. REFERENCES
  19. 14. Hybrid Intelligent Systems in Ubiquitous Computing
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. HYBRID APPROACH TO DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
    4. HYBRID EMBEDDED EXPERT SYSTEM FOR CONTROL OF SMART OBJECTS
      1. Knowledge Representation and Processing
      2. Interaction Between Inference and Neural Networks
    5. CONTEXT BASED PROGRAMMING-LEARNING OF SMART OBJECTS
      1. Proposed Paradigm and Architecture of Intelligent Agent
      2. Cross-Modal Incremental Learning and Associative Memory
      3. Output Primitives for Mobile Robot
    6. INTRODUCTION TO METHODOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF HYBRID INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. ADDITIONAL READING
  20. 15. A Primer of Ubiquitous Computing Challenges and Trends
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
      1. Defining Pervasive Computing
      2. Evolution
    4. UBIQUITOUS COMPUTING CHALLENGES
    5. IMPLEMENTING UBIQUITOUS APPLICATIONS
    6. REQUIREMENTS OF UBIQUITOUS SOFTWARE
      1. Heterogeneity
      2. Scalability
      3. Dependability and Security
      4. Privacy and Trust
      5. Spontaneous Interoperation
      6. Mobility
      7. Context Awareness
        1. Discovery
      8. Context Management
        1. Adaptation
        2. Cyber Foraging
      9. Transparent User Interaction
      10. Invisibility
    7. FUTURE TRENDS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. ENDNOTES
  21. Compilation of References
  22. About the Contributors