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Defining Identity and the Changing Scope of Culture in the Digital Age

Book Description

Since the popularization of Internet technologies in the mid-1990s, human identity and collective culture has been dramatically shaped by our continued use of digital communication platforms and engagement with the digital world. Despite a plethora of scholarship on digital technology, questions remain regarding how these technologies impact personal identity and perceptions of global culture. Defining Identity and the Changing Scope of Culture in the Digital Age explores a multitude of topics pertaining to self-hood, self-expression, human interaction, and perceptions of civilization and culture in an age where technology has become integrated into every facet of our everyday lives. Highlighting issues of race, ethnicity, and gender in digital culture, interpersonal and computer-mediated communication, pop culture, social media, and the digitization of knowledge, this pivotal reference publication is designed for use by scholars, psychologists, sociologists, and graduate-level students interested in the fluid and rapidly evolving norms of identity and culture through digital media.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board
  6. Foreword
  7. Preface
    1. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
    2. OVERVIEW
  8. Acknowledgment
  9. Section 1: Race/Ethnicity
    1. Chapter 1: Embodying Difference on YouTube
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. ENDNOTE
    2. Chapter 2: It's No Secret Justin Wants to Be Black
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. POST-RACE TELEVISION
      4. BRANDING BIEBER: NEW MEDIA AND CELEBRITY OBSESSED CULTURE
      5. WHO IS JUSTIN BIEBER? THE CREATION OF A POST-RACIAL POP CULTURE ICON
      6. COMEDY CENTRAL AND THE COMEDY CENTRAL ROAST
      7. METHODOLOGY AND THE DATA
      8. THE POST-RACE PREOCCUPATION WITH RACE: MOST COMMON JOKE TYPES AND TOPICS
      9. JOKES ABOUT RACE ON THE COMEDY CENTRAL ROAST
      10. RACE JOKES AND JUSTIN BIEBER: WANNABES AND THE N-WORD
      11. DISCUSSION
      12. THE POST-RACE PREOCCUPATION WITH RACE
      13. CONCLUSION
      14. REFERENCES
      15. ENDNOTE
      16. APPENDIX
    3. Chapter 3: The Personalized and Personal “Mass” Media – From “We-Broadcast” to “We-Chat”
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. LITERATURE REVIEW
      4. A TALE OF TWO SOCIAL MEDIA
      5. FROM TOWN SQUARES TO TEAHOUSES
      6. IS STATE CONTROL ALL BAD?
      7. AGENDA UPSETTING
      8. LIBERALIZATION WITH LEGITIMATE LIMITATION
      9. AN EQUALIZER OF POWER AND DISCOURSE
      10. SOCIAL JUSTICE ON SOCIAL MEDIA
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 4: Nothing Random about Taste
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
      5. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
      6. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    5. Chapter 5: Public History and National Identity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. FROM ACADEMIA TO THE MEDIA: THE PROBLEM OF GREEK MODERNITY
      3. THE RULES OF THE GAME: INTERVENTION AND REACTIONS
      4. MODERNIST IMAGINARIES: FROM METAKENOSIS TO CULTURAL DUALISM
      5. BEYOND CULTURAL DUALISM: THE POETICS OF HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ENDNOTES
  10. Section 2: Gender
    1. Chapter 6: We All Scream for Ice Cream
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHOD
      5. RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    2. Chapter 7: Social Media Affordances and the Capital of Queer Self-Expression
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: THE ONLINE SELF
      4. QUEER CULTURE ONLINE
      5. BUILDING THE ONLINE PERSONA
      6. DISCUSSION
      7. LIMITATIONS AND FURTHER RESEARCH
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
      10. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 8: The #GamerGate Files
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. VIDEO GAME CULTURES AND MASCULINITIES
      4. WOMEN IN TECHNOLOGY AND VIDEO GAMES
      5. GENDER-BASED CONFLICT IN VIDEO GAMES
      6. DEPRESSION QUEST
      7. GAME_JAM
      8. THE FINE YOUNG CAPITALISTS
      9. TL;DR
      10. MUNDANE MATT AND THE INTERNET ARISTOCRAT
      11. ME JAYNE
      12. 8CHAN
      13. OPEN CARRY
      14. CONCLUSION
      15. REFERENCES
      16. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 9: Digitizing Consumer Activism
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHODS
      5. “AS A CUSTOMER, I AM LIVID”: CHALLENGING CORPORATIONS THROUGH COLLECTIVE ACTION
      6. CRITICISMS OF RETAIL AND APPAREL INDUSTRIES
      7. CONDEMNING AND CONDONING: CRITICISMS OF CONSUMERE CULTURE
      8. FEMINIST BARBIES AND SUBVERSIVE CONSUMPTION
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
      11. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Section 3: Age
    1. Chapter 10: The Phrase Has Been Hijacked
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
      4. METHOD
      5. FINDINGS
      6. REFLECTION
      7. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 11: Re-Routing the Masculinity Myths in Bangladeshi Fashion Adverts
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: ‘MYTHS OF MASCULINITY’ AND THEIR REPRESENTATION IN MEDIA
      4. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS
      5. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
      6. SCOPE FOR FURTHER STUDIES
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      10. APPENDIX: QUESTIONNAIRE
    3. Chapter 12: The Roles of Age, Gender, and Ethnicity in Cyberbullying
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. WHAT IS CYBERBULLYING?
      4. AGE AND CYBERBULLYING
      5. GENDER AS A PREDICTOR OF CYBERBULLYING INVOLVEMENT
      6. ETHNICITY AS A PREDICTOR OF CYBERBULLYING INVOLVEMENT
      7. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
  12. Section 4: Intersectionality
    1. Chapter 13: Feminist Uses of Social Media
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. METHOD
      5. RESULTS
      6. CONCLUSION
      7. REFERENCES
      8. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
      9. ENDNOTES
    2. Chapter 14: Living Parallel-ly in Real and Virtual
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. “OBJECTS” DEFINED: EXPLAINING INTERNET CULTURES AS RELATIONAL ARTIFACTS
      4. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE: PSYCHOANALYSIS, TECHNOLOGY, CYBERSPACE
      5. SELF(IE) CRAZE: NARCISSISM MANIFESTED IN CYBERSPACE
      6. “IT’S COMPLICATED”: “NETWORKED” IDENTITY AND RELATIONSHIPS IN CYBERSPACE
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    3. Chapter 15: The Self of the Camera
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE PRIMACY OF THE VISUAL
      4. WHAT DO PICTURES DO?
      5. ASSEMBLING THE FRAGMENTS
      6. BACK TO THE FUTURE OF BLACK/WHITE
      7. FACING THE CAMERA, FIXING THE SELF
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ENDNOTES
    4. Chapter 16: The Electric Soul
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND: FAITH, MEDIA ECOLOGY, AND RSI
      4. THE INTERPLAY OF MEDIA AND SPIRITUALITY
      5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      7. CONCLUSION
      8. REFERENCES
      9. ADDITIONAL READING
      10. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  13. Compilation of References
  14. About the Contributors