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Cyber-Physical Systems by Mark Klein, Dionisio de Niz, Raj Rajkumar

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Chapter 10. Model Integration in Cyber-Physical Systems

Gabor Simko and Janos Sztipanovits

Composition of heterogeneous physical, computational, and communication systems is an important challenge in the engineering of cyber-physical systems (CPS). In model-based design of CPS, heterogeneity is reflected in fundamental differences in the semantics of the models and modeling languages—in causality, time, and physical abstractions. The formalization of CPS modeling language semantics requires understanding the interaction between heterogeneous models. The semantic differences among the integrated models may result in unforeseen problems that surface during system integration, leading to significant cost and time delays. In this chapter, we focus ...

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