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Cyber-Physical Systems by Mark Klein, Dionisio de Niz, Raj Rajkumar

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Chapter 8. Synchronization in Distributed Cyber-Physical Systems

Abdullah Al-Nayeem, Lui Sha, and Cheolgi Kim

Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are commonly implemented as networked real-time systems consisting of a network of sensors, actuators, and their controllers. Many of the information processing functions in these systems require consistent views and actions in real time. Guaranteeing consistency in these distributed computations in hard real time is challenging. In this chapter, we discuss the challenges and solutions for the synchronization of these distributed computations.

8.1 Introduction and Motivation

Compared with networked components on a chip, the main source of difficulties in distributed systems is the asynchronous interactions ...

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