Cairo: 1001 Years of the City Victorious. Janet Abu-Lughod. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1971.
Out of print, but you may be able to find this in a second-hand bookshop. I found some copies listed on Amazon.com. It remains probably the best history of the development of Cairo.
Veiled Sentiments: Honor and Poetry in a Bedouin Society. Lila Abu-Lughod. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2000.
This is a compelling ethnography based on the author’s living with Bedouins in the Egyptian Western desert that ...