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Critical Thinking Strategies for Success (Collection) by John Maketa, Heather Ishikawa, Russ Hall, Stewart Emery, Judy Chartrand, Robert E. Gunther, Linda Elder, Richard Paul

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Chapter 4. Self-Understanding

The preceding chapters emphasized that:

  • Critical thinking requires the development of basic intellectual skills, abilities, and insights;
  • Becoming a skilled thinker is like becoming skilled in basketball, ballet, or saxophone playing;
  • These skills can be used to serve two incompatible ends: self-centeredness or fair-mindedness;
  • The skills of critical thinking can be learned in a "weak" sense (selfish thinking);
  • We are focused on the development of critical thinking in a "strong" sense (i.e., serving fair-minded thinking);
  • Fair-mindedness requires that we develop a network of interrelated traits of mind;
  • Developing as a thinker is challenging, requiring internal motivation.

Our goal in this chapter is to lay a ...

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