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Critical Research on Sexism and Racism in STEM Fields

Book Description

Despite a higher percentage of women entering various STEM fields, issues of discrimination and stereotyping continue to exist. These difficulties create a potential hostile environment and a noticeable gap in opportunities, advancements, and compensation increases in comparison to their male counterparts. Critical Research on Sexism and Racism in STEM Fields investigates the bias, stereotyping, and repression experienced by women within STEM-based career fields. Emphasizing the struggle felt by women within politics, education systems, business environments, STEM careers, as well as issues with advocacy and leadership, this publication benefits professionals, social activists, researchers, academics, managers, and practitioners interested in the institutionalized discrimination and prejudice women encounter in various fields.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. Editorial Advisory Board
    2. List of Reviewers
  6. Preface
    1. THE PERVASIVE AND PERSISTENT CHALLENGE OF RACIAL AND GENDER DISCRIMINATION IN STEM SETTINGS
    2. THE STATE OF INTERVENTIONS
    3. SEARCHING FOR A SOLUTION
    4. THE PURPOSE OF THE BOOK
    5. REFERENCES
  7. Chapter 1: Grace under Fire
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL UNDERPINNINGS
    4. THE CURRENT STUDY
    5. RESULTS AND IMPLICATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  8. Chapter 2: Constructing Conducive Environment for Women of Color in Engineering Undergraduate Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. METHOD
    6. DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. REFERENCES
    10. APPENDIX A
    11. APPENDIX B
  9. Chapter 3: Barriers to Success
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE INFLUENCE OF A GENDERED HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM ON WOMEN IN STEM
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  10. Chapter 4: Overcoming the Myriad of Obstacles
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION: THE TROUBLING DATA
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE MYRIAD OF OBSTACLES
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION: STEM RACISM IS SYSTEMIC
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  11. Chapter 5: Standing Alone in Computer Science Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND: THE ISSUES IN CANADIAN AND CARIBBEAN CONTEXTS
    4. METHODOLOGY
    5. THE DATA
    6. ANALYSIS
    7. RECOMMENDATIONS
    8. CONCLUSION
    9. FUTURE WORK
    10. REFERENCES
  12. Chapter 6: Race and Gender Inequalities in Medicine and Biomedical Research
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
    9. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
    10. ENDNOTE
  13. Chapter 7: African American Women in STEM Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. VOICES OF EXPERIENCE
    4. VOICES OF CHANGE
    5. REFERENCES
  14. Chapter 8: Are Female STEM Majors Academic Risk Takers?
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
    8. REFERENCES
  15. Chapter 9: Fortitude
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. EXPERIENCES OF WHITE ALLIES
    5. ISSUES, CONTROVERSIES, AND CONCERNS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    8. REFERENCES
  16. Chapter 10: Black Women and Science in Higher Education
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. MENTORS PAST AND PRESENT
    4. GRADUATE SCHOOL IN SCIENCE AND MAINTAINING A FAMILY
    5. GRADUATE SCHOOL AND NO IMMEDIATE BLACK FEMALES: THE CAREER TWIST
    6. THE DOCTORAL LEVEL STRETCH: ARE YOU IN THE RIGHT CLASS, OR PLACE FOR THAT MATTER?
    7. NAVIGATING THROUGH THE CREST
    8. THE GOOD OLE BOYS: CAN YOU HEAR ME?
    9. CONCLUSION
    10. REFERENCES
  17. Chapter 11: STEM Fields and Ethnic Women in New Zealand
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. PHILOSOPHICAL UNDERPINNINGS: CRITICAL RACE THEORY AND MARGINALITY
    5. THE DISADVANTAGED ETHNIC COMMUNITIES IN NEW ZEALAND
    6. WOMEN IN STEM FIELDS IN NEW ZEALAND
    7. METHODS: DOCUMENT ANALYSIS
    8. FINDING AND SELECTING DOCUMENTS
    9. APPRAISING AND SYNTHESISING DATA
    10. STEM INITIATIVES IN NEW ZEALAND: PHASE 2 OF DOCUMENT ANALYSIS
    11. APPRAISING AND SYNTHESISING DATA INITIATIVES TARGETING PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS
    12. ORGANIZATIONAL AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
    13. OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
    14. STEM INITIATIVES TARGETING WOMEN IN GENERAL
    15. A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE STATUS QUO
    16. OTHER CONTEXTUAL ISSUES FACED BY WOMEN IN GENERAL
    17. THE WAY FORWARD: AVENUES FOR LEVERAGING EQUITY POLICIES TARGETING ETHNIC MELAA WOMEN
    18. IMPLICATIONS
    19. RECOMMENDATIONS
    20. SUMMARY AND FUTURE RESEARCH
    21. CONCLUSION
    22. REFERENCES
    23. KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
  18. Chapter 12: Prestigious College Courses and Race/Skin Color
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. THE BLACKS IN THE BRAZILIAN HIGHER EDUCATION
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. CONCLUSION
    7. REFERENCES
    8. ENDNOTES
  19. Chapter 13: Becoming a Trauma Surgeon
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. REFERENCES
  20. Related References
  21. Compilation of References
  22. About the Contributors