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Critical Realism by Alan Norrie, Tony Lawson, Andrew Collier, Roy Bhaskar, Margaret Archer

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15

INTRODUCTION

Explanatory critiques

Roy Bhaskar and Andrew Collier

Until recently it was generally taken for granted that there was a fallacy involved in arguing from an “is” to an “ought”, or from a fact to a value, or from an indicative to an imperative. The certainty that prevailed about this was marked by the use of the term “Hume’s Law” for the impossibility of making such a move, and “the naturalistic fallacy” for attempts to do so. One of us (Andrew) remembers being told as an undergraduate in the 1960s, that Hume’s Law was one of the few things in philosophy that was agreed to have been proved.

But even then, people were beginning to challenge this dogma. Searle argued that from the fact that I have promised to do something it follows ...

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