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Critical Realism by Alan Norrie, Tony Lawson, Andrew Collier, Roy Bhaskar, Margaret Archer

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10

REALISM AND SOCIAL SCIENCE

William Outhwaite

What are the implications of the approach outlined in the previous chapter for the practice of social research? We can begin to answer this question by reviewing some of the realist principles which have already been mentioned. In the sphere of ontology, we have:

1 The distinction between transitive and intransitive objects of science: between our concepts, models etc. and the real entities, relations and so forth which make up the natural and the social world.
2 The further stratification of reality into the domains of the real, the actual and the empirical. The last of these is in a contingent relation to the other two; to be (either for an entity or structure or for an event) is ...

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