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Critical Realism by Alan Norrie, Tony Lawson, Andrew Collier, Roy Bhaskar, Margaret Archer

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4

CONCEPTUAL AND NATURAL NECESSITY

R. Harré and E.H. Madden

II

A. Conceptual necessity in statements of causality

Our fundamental contention is that the necessity that is such a striking feature of the conceptual relation between the predicates descriptive of events, things and states of affairs as causes and the predicates descriptive of their usual effects, as it is unreflectingly understood, matches a natural necessity in the relation between the states, powers and natures of those physical systems which in fact constitute the universe. In this chapter we undertake the task of exactly locating these concepts in preparation for the detailed analyses to come.

That there is a conceptual necessity involved in statements descriptive of causal ...

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