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Critical Examinations of School Violence and Disturbance in K-12 Education

Book Description

In recent years, a rise in incidents of juvenile delinquency and violence in American schools has led to increasing concern among school administrators, students, parents, and the general public. The frequency of these cases calls into question issues of safety, risk factors, and prevention strategies within the modern school system. Critical Examination of School Violence and Disturbance in K-12 Education is an authoritative reference source for the latest research on youth violence in schools, offering a thorough analysis of contributing factors to such incidents and possible solutions to prevent future occurrences. Highlighting relevant issues on zero tolerance policies, historical perspectives, and preventive actions, this book is ideally designed for school administrators, law enforcement, teachers, and researchers actively working in educational environments.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Book Series
    1. Mission
    2. Coverage
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Introduction
  9. Section 1: Historical Perspectives on K-12 School Violence
    1. Chapter 1: A Brief History of School Violence and Disturbance in America
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. HISTORY OF SCHOOL VIOLENCE IN THE UNITED STATES
      4. 2000s – PRESENT
      5. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 2: The Evolution of Securing the American K-12 Educational Environment with Armed Police Officers
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. DEFINING EDUCATION
      4. BUDGETS FOR SCHOOL SECURITY AND SAFETY
      5. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF SCHOOL SECURITY
      6. D.A.R.E. PROGRAMS
      7. SCHOOL RESOURCE OFFICERS (SROs)
      8. LEGAL ISSUES AND SROs
      9. THE MOVEMENT TO FULL TIME POLICE DEPARTMENTS
      10. THE CRITICS
      11. THE FUTURE
      12. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      13. REFERENCES
      14. ADDITIONAL READING
    3. Chapter 3: The Impact of Mass Incarceration and Social Issues of Institutionalization on School Violence in Youths
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE NUMBERS
      4. THE “BUSTIN-A-SAG” EXAMPLE
      5. WHAT HAPPENS IN PRISON DOES NOT STAY IN PRISON
      6. THE LUCIFER EFFECT
      7. FROM PRISON TO HOME TO CHILDREN TO SCHOOLS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
  10. Section 2: Perspectives on the Current Issues in K-12 Education
    1. Chapter 4: The Interrelationships of Politicization of School Shootings, Focal Concerns, and Racial Disproportionality in School Discipline Policies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. THE IDEOLOGY OF POLITICIZATION
      4. THE POLITICS AND “COLOR” PROBLEMS OF REDEFINING SCHOOL INFRACTIONS AND MISBEHAVIORS
      5. THE “COLOR” OF SCHOOL SHOOTINGS
      6. THE POLITICS AND “COLOR” OF FOCAL CONCERNS
      7. THE “COLOR” OF SCHOOL DISCIPLINARY PRACTICES
      8. THE “COLOR” OF PERCEPTION AND PSYCHOSOCIAL EFFECTS
      9. TRANSFORMING POLITICS, POLICY, AND PRACTICE
      10. CONCLUSION
      11. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 5: State-Level Cyberbullying Policy
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. THE CONSEQUENCES OF CYBERBULLYING
      5. FREQUENCY AND RATE OF PREVALENCE OF CYBERBULLYING AMONG CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENCE
      6. THE LEGISLATIVE RESPONSE TO CYBERBULLYING
      7. STATE-LEVEL POLICY ADOPTION LITERATURE
      8. EMPIRICAL MODEL: DATA AND METHODS
      9. FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
      10. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      11. CONCLUSION
      12. REFERENCES
  11. Section 3: Perspectives on Individual Groups
    1. Chapter 6: The Characteristics and Typologies of School Violence Perpetrators
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. IMPACT
      4. HISTORICAL/PREVALENCE
      5. CONCLUSION
      6. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 7: Analyzing the Impact of LGBTQ Lifestyles amongst School-Aged Youth in America
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. BACKGROUND
      3. THEORETICAL CONCEPTUALIZATIONS
      4. MALTREATMENT AND SOCIALIZATION: EXAMINING LGBTQ CHALLENGES IN SCHOOLS
      5. LGBTQ STUDENT SUICIDE
      6. TEACHERS PARTICIPATING IN BULLY-RELATED BEHAVIORS
      7. EXPLORING NATIONAL INTERVENTION PROGRAMS
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 8: Sometimes They Come Back
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  12. Section 4: Impact of Zero Tolerance Policies
    1. Chapter 9: Impact of Zero Tolerance Policies on American K-12 Education and Alternative School Models
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. EFFICACY OF ZERO TOLERANCE POLICY
      4. IMPACT ON MINORITY GROUPS
      5. COMMUNAL IMPACT
      6. SCHOOL TO PRISON PIPELINE
      7. ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES TO ZERO TOLERANCE POLICIES
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 10: Racial Disproportionalities in Discipline
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. DATA
      5. ANALYSIS
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. CONCLUSION
      9. REFERENCES
    3. Chapter 11: Stolen Voices
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BACKGROUND
      4. VOICELESSNESS: PERSPECTIVES ON PARTICIPATION IN DECISIONS
      5. GUIDED AUTONOMY
      6. ANTIDIALOGISM: PERSPECTIVES ON TEACHER-STUDENT RELATIONS
      7. FUNCTIONALISM: PERSPECTIVES ON BUREAUCRATIC, MECHANISTIC SCHOOLING
      8. SELF-PRESERVATION
      9. DISCIPLINARY NETWORKS: PERSPECTIVES ON CARCERALISM
      10. DISCIPLINARY NETWORKS: PERSPECTIVES ON SADISM AND THE SPECTACLE
      11. DISCIPLINARY NETWORKS: PERSPECTIVES ON PANOPTICISM
      12. SILENT CRITICISM: PERSPECTIVES ON STUDENTS’ RESPONSES TO OBJECTIFICATION
      13. FATALISM: PERSPECTIVES ON THE EFFECTS OF OBJECTIFICATION
      14. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: ‘GIVING BACK THE VOICE’
      15. CONCLUSION
      16. REFERENCES
  13. Section 5: Perspectives on Possible Solutions
    1. Chapter 12: Plausible Solutions to School Violence and Disturbance in America
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. BULLIED YOUTH AND THE MOST COMMON REASONS WHY THIS HAPPENS
      4. THE IMPORTANCE OF WARNING SIGNS SOMEONE IS BEING BULLIED OR IS BULLYING
      5. GUIDANCE FOR PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TO SCHOOL VIOLENCE
      6. THEORETICAL ASSOCIATIONS USED TO EXPLAIN THE MOTIVATIONS OF VIOLENT BEHAVIORS TOWARDS YOUTH AND TEACHERS IN OUR SCHOOL SYSTEM
      7. UNDERSTANDING THE IMPORTANCE OF SCHOOL RESOURCE OFFICERS IN THE PREVENTION AND ADDRESSING OF SCHOOL VIOLENCE
      8. FUTURE RESEARCH
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. REFERENCES
    2. Chapter 13: Response to School Violence
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. SCHOOL VIOLENCE
      4. THE RESPONSE TO SCHOOL VIOLENCE
      5. WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?
      6. REFERENCES
      7. ENDNOTE
    3. Chapter 14: The RSVP Model
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. THE PROBLEM OF SCHOOL VIOLENCE
      3. A HOLISTIC 3-PHASE MODEL AS A SOLUTION
      4. THE RESPONSE TO SCHOOL VIOLENCE (RSVP) MODEL
      5. METHOD
      6. RESULTS
      7. DISCUSSION
      8. LIMITATIONS
      9. CONCLUSION
      10. ACKNOWLEDGMENT
      11. REFERENCES
    4. Chapter 15: A Second Chance
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. INTRODUCTION
      3. ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION: AN OVERVIEW
      4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
      5. RESEARCH FINDINGS
      6. IMPLICATIONS
      7. LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH
      8. REFERENCES
  14. Compilation of References
  15. About the Contributors