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Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, 3rd Edition

Book Description

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, Second Edition is a vital book for anyone involved in architectural design, space management, and urban planning. The concepts presented in this book explain the link between design and human behavior. Understanding this link can enable a planner to use natural environmental factors to minimize loss and crime and to maximize productivity.

This practical guide addresses several environmental settings, including major event facilities, small retail establishments, downtown streets, residential areas, and playgrounds. A one-stop resource with explanations of criminal behavior and the historical aspects of design, it teaches both the novice and the expert in crime prevention how to use the environment to affect human behavior in a positive manner.


Fully updated with substantial new material in each chapter
Useful illustrations describe the design and layout concepts in an easy to understand manner
Written by a well-qualified author in the field of crime prevention

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
    1. Timothy D. Crowe
  6. Epilogue
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Foreword
  9. Part 1
    1. 1. Introduction to CPTED
      1. Background
      2. Asking the Right Questions
      3. The Need for CPTED
      4. Competing Crime Prevention Strategies
      5. CPTED and Contemporary Planning Models
      6. Scope and Content of this Book
    2. 2. Twenty Most Frequently Asked Questions
    3. 3. CPTED Concepts and Strategies
      1. Background
      2. CPTED Concepts
      3. CPTED Strategies
      4. Some Benefits of CPTED Planning Activities
      5. An Ounce of Prevention: A New Role for Law Enforcement Support of Community Development
      6. “Clean and Well-Lighted Places”: A Natural Approach to Retail Security
      7. CPTED in Low-Income, Public, and Three-Generation Housing
      8. CPTED Planning and Design Review
      9. Achieving the Right Perspective
    4. 4. Behavioral Precedents of CPTED: From Caves to Fast Food
      1. Caves
      2. Greek Temples
      3. Medieval Cities
      4. Baroque Mannerism
      5. Louis XIV
      6. Napoleon III
      7. Contemporary Situations
    5. 5. Using the Environment to Affect Behavior
      1. Human/Environment Relationships
      2. Use of Light and Color
      3. Feng Shui
    6. 6. Aesthetics, Environmental Cues, and Territorial Behavior: Implications for CPTED Planning
      1. Form Versus Function: The Battle with Aesthetics
      2. Environmental Cues
      3. Territorial Behavior
      4. Visual Bubbles, Landscape, and Art
    7. 7. Crime and Loss Prevention
      1. Introduction
      2. Crime
      3. Levels of Crime
      4. Explanations of Crime
      5. Implications for Public Action
      6. Contemporary Crime Prevention and Interagency Concepts
      7. Criminal Justice: A Misperceived Concept
      8. Productivity Tools for the Crime- and Loss-Prevention Specialist
      9. Crime Versus Loss Prevention
      10. Two Types of Risk
      11. Risk Management
      12. Conclusions
    8. 8. Examples of CPTED Strategies and Applications
      1. CPTED Strategies
      2. CPTED Applications
    9. 9. CPTED Implementation Program Planning
      1. Implementation
      2. Evaluation and Monitoring
    10. 10. CPTED Training Outline
      1. Goals
      2. Learning Objectives
    11. 11. Objectives for a School Environment
      1. Introduction
      2. School Campus Control
      3. High-School Parking Lots
      4. Student Parking and Driver Education Relationships
      5. Courtyards and Corridors
      6. School Lunchtime Hallway Use
      7. Safe Activities in Unsafe Locations
      8. Convention Center and Stadium
  10. Part 2
    1. 12. Tackling Crime and Fear of Crime Through Urban Planning and Architectural Design
      1. Urbanization and Crime
      2. Safety and Security as Serious Problems
      3. From Old School to More Sophisticated Approaches
      4. CPTED/DOC in Europe: Policies and Concepts
      5. Theory: From Offender to Situation; From Reaction to Prevention
      6. The Fear of Crime
      7. Tackling Crime and the Fear of Crime by Urban Planning and Architectural Design: Examples and Instruments
      8. European Standard on Designing Out Crime
      9. Conclusion
      10. About the Author
      11. References
      12. Important Websites:
    2. 13. Checklist for a Program of Successful Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
      1. Signs of a Successful CPTED Program
      2. Broader Planning Strategies
    3. 14. CPTED in the Twenty-First Century
      1. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
      2. The Transition to the Future of CPTED
      3. CPTED Definitions
      4. CPTED in the New Millennium
      5. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
      6. Conclusion
      7. References
  11. Appendix A. Broward County School CPTED Matrix*
  12. Appendix B. School CPTED Survey
    1. School Security Survey/Assessment
    2. Conclusion
  13. Appendix C. CPTED Design Directives for Dormitory and Student Lounges
  14. Appendix D. Convenience Stores and Gas Stops CPTED Assessment Form
    1. Twenty-Six Risk Assessment Points
  15. Appendix E. Malls and Shopping Centers CPTED Assessment Form
  16. Appendix F. Apartments, Condos, and Public Housing CPTED Assessment Form
  17. Index