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Crafting your Research Future by Qiang Yang, Charles X. Ling

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CHAPTER 1

Basics of Research

In this chapter, we examine some of the frequently asked questions about the basics of research. If you want to know what researchers and scientists are like, if you are still not sure whether doing research is a suitable career for you, or if you are just a beginner in research, read on.

1.1   WHAT IS RESEARCH?

In natural science and engineering, “research” can be loosely defined as making novel and significant contributions to our understanding of the world, based on reproducible observations and verifiable results. There are often large overlaps in scope between research in science and engineering. In science, the emphasis is on discovering new theories, paradigms, approaches, algorithms, simulations, experiments, ...

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